The research project «The regulation of sharing economy» is set up by a tem of experts (in administrative law, constitutional law, tax law, labor law, economics and sociology) from the University of Valencia and other European and North American Universities, who have been conducting research on the regulation of the economy over the last years. The project aims at analyzing, from a multidisciplinary and comparative approach, the most relevant problems raised by the regulation of so called sharing economy (i. e. peer-to-peer economy, mesh, collaborative consumption, etc.), that is, of systems of production and consumption of goods which use recently developed information technology to enable new kinds of sharing arrangements that, due to transaction costs and information asymmetries, were previously too difficult to implement. Our starting hypothesis is that most systems of sharing economy need to be specifically regulated in order to clarify the law and strike a fair balance between the interests at stake, as those systems present new and substantially different issues that were not foreseen at the time current regulations were enacted
Given that, the research team will first try to detect, describe and analyze the most relevant problems raised by sharing economy, namely: the optimal scope of legal rules, social norms, regulation and self-regulation in this field; which are the key public and private actors in this realm and which role they should play in the regulation of sharing economy; which legal devices (e. g. regulatory impact assessment, sunset and experimental legislation, incremental regulation) might be used in order to minimize uncertainty generated by the advent of sharing economy; how the law should be shaped in order to both promote social innovations such as sharing economy and minimize their risks; the functioning of so called reputational systems, through which participants in sharing economy platforms exchange information on relevant goods, services, individuals or entities; protection of privacy and personal data; protection of consumers and third parties; prevention of tax and social security fraud; and whether the rules governing sharing economy could unacceptably undermine the interests protected by current labor standards. Second, the research team will empirically assess the actual functioning of some paradigmatic sharing economy systems (in the realm of transport, residential accommodation, electricity generation and funding) and, in particular, determine the impact those systems and their regulation is having on social welfare. Third, the project aims at analyzing, in the light of available empirical evidence, how sharing economy platforms ought to be designed and eventually regulated in order to solve the abovementioned problems in the way that best suits the general interests of the society as a whole. Finally, we will try to determine how current regulations should be interpreted and applied to the those problems.
This research Project is part of the activities of the REGULATION Research Group at the University of Valencia, and has been funded by the DER2015-67613-R Research Grant of the Spanish Government (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness Research Plan, 2016-2019)
2017 International Conference on Labor in the Sharing Economy and Crowd Workers (28-29 September, València, Spain)
2017 International Conference on the Regulation of Shared Accommodation (25-26 October, València, Spain)
2017 Summer Course about the Sharing Economy for Innovation and Touristic Activities (17-18 July, Gandia, Spain)
2017 Competition and Regulation Seminar (10 May, València, Spain)
2016 International Conference on the Regulation of Shared Transportation Systems (14-15 November, València, Spain)
PUBLISHED RESEARCH PAPERS:
- Doménech Pascual, G. (2015): “La regulación de la economía colaborativa. El caso Uber contra el taxi” CEFLEGAL, 175-176, pp. 61-104.
- Doménech Pascual, G. (2016): “Sharing Economy and Regulatory Strategies towards Legal Change”, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 7:4, 2016, pp. 717-727
- De la Encarnación, A.M. (2016): “Alojamiento colaborativo, viviendas de uso turístico y plataformas virtuales”, REALA, 5, on-line.
- Todolí Signes, A. (2016): “El impacto de la “Uber Economy” en las relaciones laborales: los efectos de las plataformas laborales en el mercado de trabajo”, IUSLABOR, 3
- Doménech Pascual, G. (2017): “Economía colaborativa y Administración Local”, Anuario del Gobierno Local 2015/2016, pp. 35-66.
- Todolí Signes, A. (2017): El trabajo en la era de la economía colaborativa, Tirant lo Blanch.
- Todolí Signes, A. (2017): “El trabajador en la Uber economy: ni dependiente ni autónomo, sino todo lo contrario”, Trabajo y Derecho. Nueva Revista de Actualidad y Relaciones Laborales, 25, 2017, pp. 43.60.
- Doménech Pascual, G. (2017): “La regulación de la economía colaborativa en el transporte urbano de pasajeros”, in Juan José Montero Pascual (ed.), La regulación de la economía colaborativa. AirBnB, BlaBlaCar, Uber y otras plataformas, Tirant Lo Blanch, Valencia, 2017, pp. 351-401.
- Boix Palop, A. (2017): “La economía colaborativa, sus variantes y los retos jurídicos que plantea”, prologue to Alberto Aznar Traval, Economía colaborativa, alojamiento y transporte, Aranzadi - Thomson Reuters, pp. 19-25
DRAFTS / UPCOMING PAPERS:
- Boix Palop, A. (Draft): “Competitive Risks in the Sharing Economy and the European Union Market Regulation” SSRN Draft uploaded at October 15th 2016.
RESULTS PRODUCED BY ASSOCIATE RESEARCHERS IN THE REALM OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT:
- Aznar Travel, A. (2016, University of València, Master in Commercial Law Final Project directed by A. Boix Palop): “Derecho, Economía Colaborativa y Nuevos Modelos de Negocio:Sector del Transporte, Blablacar y Uber” (coming soon at roderic.uv.es)
- Aznar Travel, A. (2017): Economía colaborativa:alojamiento y transporte, Aranzadi – Thomson Reuters
LEGAL BLOGGING ON SHARING ECONOMY AND OTHER SUBJECTS MADE BY OUR RESEARCHERS:
- A. Todolí Signes on Labour Law issues Comentario a la Sentencia del Reino Unido que condena a Uber a reconocer derechos laborales a sus conductores
OUR RESEARCH ON SHARING ECONOMY IN THE MEDIA:
- “Una regulación para la economía colaborativa eficiente y cuidadosa”, by Andrés Boix Palop at www.eldiario.es (a proposal analising how touristic countries such as Spain should regulate the sharing economy in the accommodation or transportation markets)
Members of the Research Project:
- Research Project responsible: A. Boix Palop (Administrative Law, University of València)
- Research Project responsible: G. Doménech Pascual (Administrative Law, University of València)
- M. Abramowicz (George Washington University)
- B. Aranda Carles (Administrative Law, University of València)
- A.M. de la Encarnación Valcárcel (Administrative Law, University of València)
- R. de Vicente Domingo (Administrative Law, University of València)
- M. Fehling (Bucerius Law School, Hamburg)
- E. García de Leonardo Tobarra (Administrative Law, University of València)
- A. Ituren i Oliver (Administrative Law, University of València)
- L. López Zurita (Public Law, Collège d’Europe Brugge)
- E. Machancoses García (Tax Law, University of València)
- J. Martínez Otero (Constitutional Law, University Cardenal Herrera-CEU of València)
- W. Marneffe (Hasselt Universiteit)
- R. Marzal Raga (Administrative Law, University of València)
- D. McKee (University of Toronto)
- L. Melchor Miralles (Administrative Law, University of València)
- J. Montoro Pons (Political Economics, University of València)
- J. Ortiz Ballester (Administrative Law, University of València)
- M. Pereiro Cárceles (Administrative Law, University of València)
- M. Puchades Navarro (Political Economics, University of València)
- S. Ranchordás (Tilburg University)
- C. Rodilla Martí (Business Law, University of Valencia, external collaborator via REGULATION Group)
- A. Todolí Signes (Labour Law, Universitat de les Illes Balears)
- J. M. Vidal Beltrán (Constitutional Law, University of València)