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  • Grup d'investigació DATS

Resultats de la cerca308 resultats

  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    More Aware, More Protected: Do Road Safety Skills Predict the use of Passive Safety Elements among Teenagers

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Leandro Garrigós.

    (2019). Article

    BMJ Open. Num.9:e035007

    Objective This study had two objectives: first, to test the effects of sociodemographic variables, and the effects of three key road safety skills (knowledge–risk perception–attitudes) on the use of passive safety elements (PSEs) among teenagers; and second, to assess the differential impact of the study variables on PSEs use from a gender-based perspective. Setting and participants This cross-sectional study was framed in the paradigm of primary care, and it involved students from several educational centres in Spain. A sample of 827 Spanish teenagers (52.4% females and 47.6% males) with a mean age of M=14.41–7 (12–19) years was used. Results Through SEM modelling, we found that the use...

    Objective This study had two objectives: first, to test the effects of sociodemographic variables, and the effects of three key road safety skills (knowledge–risk perception–attitudes) on the use of passive safety elements (PSEs) among teenagers; and second, to assess the differential impact of the study variables on PSEs use from a gender-based perspective. Setting and participants This cross-sectional study was framed in the paradigm of primary care, and it involved students from several educational centres in Spain. A sample of 827 Spanish teenagers (52.4% females and 47.6% males) with a mean age of M=14.41–7 (12–19) years was used. Results Through SEM modelling, we found that the use of PSEs is largely explained by psychosocial variables through the mediation of three road safety skills: risk perception (β=0.103***), rule knowledge (β=0.095*) and attitudes towards road safety (β=0.186***). Furthermore, multigroup analyses showed that, although most variables explain the use of PSEs among teenagers in a similar way, key gender-based differences exist in this regard. Conclusions Road safety skills have a significant effect on the use of PSEs among Spanish teenagers, and gender explains some differences in the mechanisms which predict them. Also, in the study we discuss the need for strengthening school-based interventions aimed at helping this vulnerable group of road users acquire and develop positive behavioural competences.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035007
    ISSN: 2044-6055
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Validation of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI) in Professional Drivers: How does it work in transportation workers?

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso, Juan C. Pastor, Luis Montoro

    (2019). Article

    Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. Num.67:155-163

    The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory or MDSI constitutes, perhaps, the most relevant tool for measuring driving styles. Since its releasing in 2004, it has been applied worldwide to different samples of drivers, showing an important value and utility for road safety. However, empirical studies using the MDSI on professional drivers are scarce and, to the date, there is no validated version of the instrument in this workforce yet. Objectives: This study had two aims. First, to describe in detail the validation of the Taubman-Ben-Ari’s MDSI among professional drivers and, second, to test its convergent validity with other key relevant factors present in the work environment of this...

    The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory or MDSI constitutes, perhaps, the most relevant tool for measuring driving styles. Since its releasing in 2004, it has been applied worldwide to different samples of drivers, showing an important value and utility for road safety. However, empirical studies using the MDSI on professional drivers are scarce and, to the date, there is no validated version of the instrument in this workforce yet. Objectives: This study had two aims. First, to describe in detail the validation of the Taubman-Ben-Ari’s MDSI among professional drivers and, second, to test its convergent validity with other key relevant factors present in the work environment of this particular population: driving anger, job strain and occupational driving crashes. Method: The data used for this validation was gathered from a representative sample of 752 Colombian professional drivers and analyzed by means of competitive Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFAs), assessing psychometric properties and obtaining an optimized structure for the instrument applied to active transportation workers. Results: The outcomes of this study suggest a clear factorial structure, adequate model fit, factorial weights, reliability and internal consistency, keeping the re-evaluated four-factor structure of the questionnaire: Reckless & Careless (F1); Anxious (F2); Angry & Hostile (F3); and Patient & Careful (F4). Conclusion: This applied research supports the hypothesis that the validated version of MDSI in professional drivers, together with further measures applied to other work environment factors, may play a relevant role in the improvement of driving safety and injury prevention for this vulnerable workforce from the perspective of occupational research in transportation.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2019.10.012
    ISSN: 1369-8478
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Importance of social and health-related problems: Do Spaniards give them the significance they actually deserve?

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Andrea Serge, Macarena Tortosa

    (2019). Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Num.16(21), 4090

    Social and health problems imply an impact on society. The main objective of this study is to provide an overview of how Spanish people perceive cancer, terrorism, cardiovascular diseases, crime, AIDS, drugs, and traffic accidents, finding out whether they assess the importance of these issues in correspondence with their actual severity. The study used a full sample of 1206 Spaniards (51.6% females and 48.4% males) who responded to a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey on the significance of these social and health-related problems, assessed through a zero to ten Likert scale. The perceived severity of the problems was considered taking into account the official data of...

    Social and health problems imply an impact on society. The main objective of this study is to provide an overview of how Spanish people perceive cancer, terrorism, cardiovascular diseases, crime, AIDS, drugs, and traffic accidents, finding out whether they assess the importance of these issues in correspondence with their actual severity. The study used a full sample of 1206 Spaniards (51.6% females and 48.4% males) who responded to a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey on the significance of these social and health-related problems, assessed through a zero to ten Likert scale. The perceived severity of the problems was considered taking into account the official data of deaths reported by governmental institutions. For the comparison of mean values, the One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test was used. Results show high average values for all the problems. The most concerning elements are cancer (M = 9.28 ± 1.24) and terrorism (M = 9.22 ± 1.47). Cardiovascular diseases have the lowest scores (M = 8.29 ± 1.64). There is a good adjustment between real and subjective perception, but some issues are either underestimated or overestimated. Women assessed all of them as more important than men, and people over 65 gave all the issues more value than younger people. It is important that Spaniards understand the objective severity of these issues, thus allowing for more interventions by governments, education, and mass media.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16214090
    ISSN: 1661-7827
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Plan Estratégico Nacional de Seguridad Vial de Motores para la República Dominicana 2019-2022

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Armando Ortuño, Juan J. Alba, Jose L. Velarte, Andrea Serge, Sergio Useche

    (2019). Llibre

    Les motocicletes i els ciclomotors són un mitjà de transport cada vegada més utilitzat en tot el món. Alhora, les motocicletes són un mitjà de transport menys segur, ja que s'enfronta a circumstàncies que poden resultar adverses, com ara l'estat de la carretera i el clima. Aquest fet, unit a la menor protecció que ofereix als seus usuaris, i al probable error humà en la conducció per múltiples causes com les distraccions, converteix els motociclistes i els seus passatgers en persones molt més vulnerables davant d'un accident. Aquests elements, units a la idiosincràtica del sector de ciclomotors i motocicletes de la República Dominicana, fan necessari un Pla de mesures centrades...

    Les motocicletes i els ciclomotors són un mitjà de transport cada vegada més utilitzat en tot el món. Alhora, les motocicletes són un mitjà de transport menys segur, ja que s'enfronta a circumstàncies que poden resultar adverses, com ara l'estat de la carretera i el clima. Aquest fet, unit a la menor protecció que ofereix als seus usuaris, i al probable error humà en la conducció per múltiples causes com les distraccions, converteix els motociclistes i els seus passatgers en persones molt més vulnerables davant d'un accident. Aquests elements, units a la idiosincràtica del sector de ciclomotors i motocicletes de la República Dominicana, fan necessari un Pla de mesures centrades exclusivament en aquest col·lectiu.

    Llegir mésOcultar ISBN: 978-9945-9186-0-1
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Perceived safety and attributed value as predictors of the intention to use autonomous vehicles: A national study with Spanish drivers

    Luis Montoro, Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Ignacio Lijarcio, Patricia Bosó-Seguí, Ana Martí-Belda

    (2019). Article

    Safety Science. Num.120:865-876

    Sooner than later, the growing development of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will represent not only an imminent transformation of transportation dynamics, but also further advantages for their users, including many improvements in road crash prevention, efficiency and sustainability. However, different concerns and constraints may affect the intention of adopting this technology among its potential customers, especially for what concerns those constraints related to safety, viability and stability. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of perceived safety and value attributed to the AV in the drivers’ intention to use it, considering the drivers’ demographic factors, driving...

    Sooner than later, the growing development of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will represent not only an imminent transformation of transportation dynamics, but also further advantages for their users, including many improvements in road crash prevention, efficiency and sustainability. However, different concerns and constraints may affect the intention of adopting this technology among its potential customers, especially for what concerns those constraints related to safety, viability and stability. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of perceived safety and value attributed to the AV in the drivers’ intention to use it, considering the drivers’ demographic factors, driving habits, interaction with information technologies and self-reported safety records (using conventional vehicles) as potential predictors. For this cross-sectional study, data from 1205 drivers of conventional vehicles were analyzed through a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. The intention to use autonomous vehicles could be predicted through demographic and driving-related factors, as well as by the level of interaction of individuals with information and communication technologies (ITCs). It was also found that the perceived safety of AVs and their attributed value for transport and road safety mediate the associations between drivers’ features and the final intention of using (or not) autonomous vehicles. The results of this study suggest that perceived safety and the value attributed to AVs significantly influence the intention of adopting it. In other words, a deeper emphasis on the safety, causality prevention and efficiency-related benefits may strengthen the acceptance of this new technology and enhance its progressive inclusion in transport dynamics among drivers.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.041
    ISSN: 0925-7535
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Well-being, behavioral patterns and cycling crashes of different age groups in Latin America: Are aging adults the safest cyclists?

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Jaime Sanmartín, Luis Montoro, Boris Cendales

    (2019). Article

    PLoS ONE. Num.14(8): e0221864

    Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the cycling safety-related factors and the mental health indicators of elderly cyclists in comparison with other age groups. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 911 bicyclists from two Latin American countries that have been experiencing a substantial growth of urban cycling during the last few years: Colombia and Argentina. Participants responded to an e-questionnaire on bicycling behaviors, mental health and cycling safety. Results Aging adults reported lower rates of risky behaviors and traffic crashes (around .38 in five years), and, on the other hand, more cycling protective behaviors, a higher risk perception...

    Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the cycling safety-related factors and the mental health indicators of elderly cyclists in comparison with other age groups. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 911 bicyclists from two Latin American countries that have been experiencing a substantial growth of urban cycling during the last few years: Colombia and Argentina. Participants responded to an e-questionnaire on bicycling behaviors, mental health and cycling safety. Results Aging adults reported lower rates of risky behaviors and traffic crashes (around .38 in five years), and, on the other hand, more cycling protective behaviors, a higher risk perception and a better knowledge of traffic norms than both other adults (26–50 years old) and young cyclists (<26). Cycling behaviors and crashes were found to be significantly related to mental health indicators, the latter being higher in aging cyclists. However, this population remains more prone to distractions experienced while cycling than other age groups. Conclusions Although the behavioral features of aging adults were comparatively “safer” than the ones displayed by other age groups, factors such as cycling distractions and this population’s over-representation in traffic crashes suggest the need of enforcing policymaking for a better integration of this age segment in alternative transportation dynamics.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221864
    ISSN: 1932-6203
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Trait driving anger and driving styles among Colombian professional drivers

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Juan C. Pastor

    (2019). Article

    Heliyon. Num.5(8): e02259

    This study analyzes the association between trait driving anger and driving styles in a sample of Colombian professional drivers. Additionally, the internal and external validity of the Deffenbacher's Driving Anger Scale (DAS-14) was examined in the study population. The DAS-14 and the Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (S-MDSI) were administered to 492 urban bus and taxi operators. Average trait driving anger scores in the study population were similar to those reported in previous validation studies from Spain, Argentina, China, and Malaysia. After deleting three cross-loaded items, confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three-dimensional latent structure for...

    This study analyzes the association between trait driving anger and driving styles in a sample of Colombian professional drivers. Additionally, the internal and external validity of the Deffenbacher's Driving Anger Scale (DAS-14) was examined in the study population. The DAS-14 and the Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (S-MDSI) were administered to 492 urban bus and taxi operators. Average trait driving anger scores in the study population were similar to those reported in previous validation studies from Spain, Argentina, China, and Malaysia. After deleting three cross-loaded items, confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three-dimensional latent structure for the DAS-14, similar but not equal to the previous Spanish speaking validations. This factorial structure fits the data reasonably well. Finally, linear regression analyses revealed that the three factors of the DAS-14 (impeded progress by others, illegal driving, and direct hostility) significantly predict adaptive and maladaptive driving styles. Overall, the results of this study suggest that the DAS-14 is a reasonably reliable measure of driving anger traits among professional drivers, and it also provides relevant insights for the prevention of risky driving styles in this occupational group.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02259
    ISSN: 2405-8440
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Psychosocial Work Factors, Job Stress and Strain at the Wheel: Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in Professional Drivers

    Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso, Juan C. Pastor

    (2019). Article

    Frontiers in Psychology. Num.10:1531

    Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional...

    Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional drivers, and the analyses were conducted using the competitive Confirmatory Factor Analysis or CFA, obtaining basic psychometric properties and an optimized structure for the instrument applied to active transport workers. Results: The results suggest a clear factorial structure, high factorial weights, internal consistency, and an improved adjustment to the psychosocial conditions of this group, excluding a set of items with low psychometrical adjustment and keeping the five-factor structure of the questionnaire: demands, influence and development, interpersonal relationships and leadership, job insecurity, and strain-effects and outcomes. Conclusion: Overall, what was found in this study supports the hypothesis that the validated version of COPSOQ in professional drivers, together with complementary information sources specific for their work environment, may have a relevant research value and some important practical implications for the improvement of the occupational safety, and health within the typically vulnerable industry of transportation.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01531
    ISSN: 1664-1078
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Commuting Accidents of Spanish Professional Drivers: When Occupational Risk Exceeds the Workplace

    Javier Llamazares, Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Article

    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.

    Background. Work traffic accidents are an issue both in Spain and all over the world, and specific evidence on commuting accidents is scarce. Even though both industrial safety and welfare have been improved during the last decades, the commuting accidents rate is growing worldwide. Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine and describe the characteristics of commuting traffic crashes of Spanish professional drivers. Materials and methods. For this cross-sectional study, commuting accidents suffered by drivers during the last 12 years were analyzed. Crossed and heatmap-based analyses were performed in order to establish patterns and driver-based differences among commuting crashes....

    Background. Work traffic accidents are an issue both in Spain and all over the world, and specific evidence on commuting accidents is scarce. Even though both industrial safety and welfare have been improved during the last decades, the commuting accidents rate is growing worldwide. Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine and describe the characteristics of commuting traffic crashes of Spanish professional drivers. Materials and methods. For this cross-sectional study, commuting accidents suffered by drivers during the last 12 years were analyzed. Crossed and heatmap-based analyses were performed in order to establish patterns and driver-based differences among commuting crashes. Results. Commuting crashes’ features were found to be associated with demographic and job-related variables of professional drivers. Drivers’ gender, time slots (peak/off-peak hours) and the specific hour of the event explained different trends in accident severity and characteristics. Conclusions. The results of this study suggest that commuting accidents involving professional drivers differ in demographic and situational issues from general and on-duty professional drivers’ traffic crashes. Also, since in Spain commuting crashes are occupational accidents, more numerous and better actions should be taken in this regard, especially considering the association of professional drivers’ accidents with fatigue and shift-working.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2019.1619993
    ISSN: 1080-3548
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

    Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Llibre

    The SAGE Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology.

    La conducció sota la influència (DUI), també coneguda com a conducció en estat d’embriaguesa (DWI), la conducció borratxera o la conducció deteriorada, es refereix a una conducta que es produeix a la zona del trànsit quan el conductor d’un vehicle a motor ha consumit una certa quantitat. d’alcohol o drogues, inclosos medicaments. Aquest consum interfereix i deteriora els processos de conducció com atenció, sentit, percepció, presa de decisions i execució. Per tant, augmenta la probabilitat de patir un accident de trànsit. Es pot detectar / mesurar el consum per determinar la seva presència / nivell mitjançant diferents mètodes i dispositius, en primer lloc per agents de policia en punts de...

    La conducció sota la influència (DUI), també coneguda com a conducció en estat d’embriaguesa (DWI), la conducció borratxera o la conducció deteriorada, es refereix a una conducta que es produeix a la zona del trànsit quan el conductor d’un vehicle a motor ha consumit una certa quantitat. d’alcohol o drogues, inclosos medicaments. Aquest consum interfereix i deteriora els processos de conducció com atenció, sentit, percepció, presa de decisions i execució. Per tant, augmenta la probabilitat de patir un accident de trànsit. Es pot detectar / mesurar el consum per determinar la seva presència / nivell mitjançant diferents mètodes i dispositius, en primer lloc per agents de policia en punts de control. Es considera un delicte greu contra la seguretat viària segons les lleis de determinats països. En funció d'alguns factors, llei de diferents països, aquest comportament es castigarà amb penes específiques (civils o penals) específiques. Atesa la prevalença, la incidència i les conseqüències tràgiques de la DUI, aquest tipus de delicte és més rellevant que altres delictes. Aquesta entrada revisa les lesions de trànsit com una preocupació per a la salut pública, la DUI com a factor de risc principal de lesions de trànsit, Efectes de la DUI, Estratègies de reducció / prevenció de DUI i Mètodes utilitzats per l'aplicació per detectar la DUI.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.4135/9781483392240.n130
    ISBN: 9781483392264
 
 
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