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The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) came into force on 29 December 1993 and has three main objectives: i) the conservation of biological diversity; ii) the sustainable use of its components, and iii) the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits derived from the use of genetic resources (ABS, Access and Benefit Sharing).

The Nagoya Protocol (NP) entered into force on 12 October 2014, undertaking to implement the third objective of the CBD, i.e., the instructions on access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use.

Based on CBD and PN guidelines, the signatories to both treaties have been able to develop laws regulating access to their natural resources, and to establish measures to ensure the fair sharing of their benefits. In this respect, Spain applies law 33/2015 on Natural Heritage and Biodiversity, which regulates access to genetic resources from wild taxa and the sharing of benefits derived from the use thereof. The process to apply to that access is regulated by RD 124/2017.

Regulation (EU) No 511/2014 entered into force together with the PN on 12 October 2014, and regulates compliance measures for user on access to genetic resources and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use in the EU.

The CECT shows all the information it has regarding the origin of the microorganisms, year of isolation, sampling permits, etc. on the tabs of each strain, accessible through its public catalogue. In addition, the origin and the year of isolation are indicated on the delivery note accompanying each strain.

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