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    Behavioral Health in Child and Youth: The importance of Parental influence

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Article

    Journal of Juvenile Psychology and Behavioural Sciences. No.1(1)

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    Round table “What model of city do we want?

    Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated at the round table “What model of city do we want?”, held on 17 May 2017 at the Auditorium Theatre of Catarroja, with the theme "Mobility and traffic". Given his huge knowledge on urban mobility and the concrete case of Catarroja, Dr. Alonso gave his vision about the debated topic: the reduction of road traffic and the possibility of making pedestrian some sections of the Av. Diputación, main artery of the city.

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    Carreteras adaptadas a la población que envejece [Roads adapted to an aging population]

    Francisco Alonso, Mónica Alonso, Sergio Useche, Cristina Esteban.

    (2017). Article

    Revista Carreteras. No.212

    It has taken decades to have regard for human factor in the field of road safety. Still remains pending attend to subject’s individual differences. There’s no discussion of the fact that the population is aging. Rising life expectancy coupled with falling birth rate has led to a fast population aging. As we progressively adapt different environments to aging population, road environment and design cannot be relegated. In this article we discuss some reflections on the importance of this adaptation. Main needs and abilities of older which are differential to the rest of the general population are also discussed. Finally, possible measures to make such necessary adaptation will be explained.

    ISSN: 0212-6389
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    13th PRI World Congress on : "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues"

    Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the conference “Driver-Vehicle Interaction: Strategies & Services to maximize Positive Effects of Technology“ at the 13th PRI World Congress on: "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues”, celebrated from 3 to 7 May 2017 in Tunisia In total harmony with the global issues contained in The Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 that was extended by The Brasilia Declaration to 2030, the pillars of Congress are "Road safety management", "Safer roads and mobility", "Safer vehicles", "Safer road users", and "Post crash response".

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    13th National Meeting of Rescue and the 1st National Meeting of Trauma

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has collaborated with the presentation "Prevention of road injuries from the human factor and road health in the Spanish case" at 13th National Meeting of Rescue and the 1st National Meeting of Trauma, an event held at the Tarongers Campus of the University of Valencia from 2 to 5 May 2017 and organised by the University of Valencia and the Provincial Consortium of Firefighters of Valencia. The goal of these meetings is to enrich institutional relations and to improve and develop knowledge and action skills for when a rescue in a traffic accident is needed.

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    Alcohol Consumption, Smoking, Job Stress and Road Safety in Professional Drivers

    Sergio A Useche, Andrea Serge, Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban.

    (2017). Article

    Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy. No.8(2)

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ),...

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ), and c) self-reported habits related to addictive behaviors, in particular smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: It was found that 20.3% of professional drivers have the habit of actively consuming tobacco, and 27.9% of drinking alcohol regularly. Furthermore, 28% of the sample presents Job Strain. Further, significant trends between smoking and: a) gender (i.e., being a male driver), and b) the fact of having Job Strain was found. Regarding alcohol consumption, two-step cluster analysis allowed to establish profiles of drivers when combining the fact of drinking alcohol regularly (or not) and the self-reported rates of fines and traffic accidents registered for the last two years. Finally, significant differences in Job Strain were established between drivers in both clusters, being the mean score higher for drivers reporting regular alcohol consumption and higher rates of fines and crashes. Conclusion: This research suggests the need for the development of comprehensive interventions on psychosocial factors at work and lifestyle issues among professional drivers, based on the reported rates of the two addressed addictive behaviors and its relationship to adverse health, occupational and safety outcomes.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000321
    ISSN: 2155-6105
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    Burnout, Job strain and road accidents in the field of public transportation: The case of city bus drivers

    Sergio A. Useche, Francisco Alonso, Boris E. Cendales, Renata Autukevičiūtė, Andrea Serge

    (2017). Article

    Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. No.6(1)

    Introduction: The widely documented relationship between psychosocial work factors and occupational accidents has not been translated into intervention strategies in some high-risk occupational groups, such as public transport drivers. According to the recent scientific evidence, city bus drivers tend to present high levels of occupational stress, burnout, and accidents at work. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers, and associate their stress/burnout profile with their road incidents (road accidents + fines) reported in the past 2 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample was formed by 222 Colombian male city bus...

    Introduction: The widely documented relationship between psychosocial work factors and occupational accidents has not been translated into intervention strategies in some high-risk occupational groups, such as public transport drivers. According to the recent scientific evidence, city bus drivers tend to present high levels of occupational stress, burnout, and accidents at work. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers, and associate their stress/burnout profile with their road incidents (road accidents + fines) reported in the past 2 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample was formed by 222 Colombian male city bus drivers with an average of 41.36 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 18.63 years and, in average 6.82 years working in their current transport company. The study participants had a mean of 0.51 road accidents and 1.19 traffic fines in the past 2 years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by four sections: (a) Demographics, (b) job strain (Karasek’s job content questionnaire), (c) burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), and (d) self-reported health. Data collection process was conducted in 2014-2015 and analyzes along 2016. Results: A high proportion of city bus drivers report job strain (40.5%). The average scores of emotional exhaustion (X = 21.01) and cynicism (X = 17.88) were also high. Cluster analysis was used to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers. Two job strain/burnout profiles significantly different were found (low job strain/burnout: n = 34.3% and high job strain/burnout: n = 65.7%). The bus drivers with high job strain/burnout profile reported significantly more accidents than those with low job strain/burnout profile (F(2.216) = 269.1, P = 0.00). Conclusions: This study confirms that the prevalence of occupational stress and burnout are significantly high among Colombian bus drivers. In addition, it was found that the bus drivers’ job strain/burnout profile is related to their performance behind the wheel. Therefore, the intervention on these factors represents a potentially successful strategy for the prevention of road accidents and risk behaviors that lead to penalties and fines.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.5455/jeos.20170202074636
    ISSN: 2146-8311
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    Shift-Work and Mental Health Problems in Vulnerable Occupational Groups

    Sergio A Useche, Francisco Alonso, Boris E Cendales

    (2017). Article

    EC Psychology and Psychiatry. No.3(2)

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    Drivers’ Opinion on the Driver Selection System and the Possible New Models in Spain

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio A. Useche, Andrea Serge

    (2017). Article

    International Journal of Health Economics and Policy. No.2(3)

    One of the objectives of the driver selection system in Spain is to determine if drivers have any psychophysical disorders that may impair their driving, in order to show the psychophysical aptitudes of people when obtaining or renewing a driving license. The general objective of this research was to understand drivers’ opinions on the reliability and exhaustiveness of the actual selection of driver systems, as well as whether drivers agreed with the proposal of suspending the driving license after a medical check-up, if necessary. For this national study, it was used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to...

    One of the objectives of the driver selection system in Spain is to determine if drivers have any psychophysical disorders that may impair their driving, in order to show the psychophysical aptitudes of people when obtaining or renewing a driving license. The general objective of this research was to understand drivers’ opinions on the reliability and exhaustiveness of the actual selection of driver systems, as well as whether drivers agreed with the proposal of suspending the driving license after a medical check-up, if necessary. For this national study, it was used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about psychosocial characteristics and their perceptions about the driver selection system and their driving habits and conditions. More than half of the drivers considered that the process to assess their psychophysical aptitudes at the Centers for Selection of Drivers was unreliable or very unreliable. On the contrary, a high percentage of drivers considered that it was appropriate to temporarily suspend their driving license after a check-up, when it was necessary. It was concluded, in other words, that drivers have not enough confidence in the current driver selection system

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.11648/j.hep.20170203.15
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    The Importance of Fatigue-Monitoring as a Tool for the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)

    Sergio A Useche and Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Article

    EC Neurology. No.5

 
 
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