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    Perception of the Impact of Certain Health Conditions on Driving Performance

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio A. Useche, Andrea Serge

    (2016). Article

    Public Health International.

    Driving task requires the joint performance of many abilities which can be altered by several psychophysical conditions. Furthermore, a large number of recent studies on driving has found that there are several conditions that may affect the ability to operate safely motor vehicles and to prevent road crashes. The objective of this study was to describe the perception of drivers about the effect of certain health conditions on driving performance. This cross-sectional study used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, driving habits and perceptions about the...

    Driving task requires the joint performance of many abilities which can be altered by several psychophysical conditions. Furthermore, a large number of recent studies on driving has found that there are several conditions that may affect the ability to operate safely motor vehicles and to prevent road crashes. The objective of this study was to describe the perception of drivers about the effect of certain health conditions on driving performance. This cross-sectional study used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, driving habits and perceptions about the driving task. One-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's Post-hoc tests were performed to compare data among groups of drivers. Results showed that that drivers consider that the influence of alcohol, drugs, drowsiness and medicine consumption may impair their driving, but do not take into account certain health conditions that may be common among the population of drivers, such as diabetes, allergies, joint pains, myopia, heart or post-heart-attack problems, as well as headaches and migraines, as risk-related, regarding its potential negative impact on driving performance. In short, there is a substantial lack of correspondence between driver's perceptions and behaviors with respect to the impact of health conditions on crash risk, and a growing need to raise people’s awareness regarding certain health conditions that may impair driving through road safety formation and media campaigns. Furthermore, taking into account the frequency of the health conditions analyzed and their high impact on driving, this research suggests implementing systems that fulfill two basic requirements: to improve the flow of preventive information for drivers, and strengthen the control and monitoring of their health through a joint action of the health care system and the traffic system

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.11648/j.phi.20170201.11
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    Analysis of the State and Development of Road Safety Education in Spanish Higher Education Institutions

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio A. Useche, Violeta Manso

    (2016). Article

    Higher Education Research.

    Traffic crashes are considered one of the major public health concerns, considering that this phenomenon explains a high number of deaths and injuries every year, and around all the world in different groups of population. The road safety education, (or traffic safety education), regarding the complexity of this process, and that it takes place during the complete process of life of individuals, is considered as a key determinant of road safety behaviors and a relatively lower road risk, essentially for road users with more and diverse high risk factors which may explain the occurrence of road accidents, such as young adults. The general objective of this study was to describe the...

    Traffic crashes are considered one of the major public health concerns, considering that this phenomenon explains a high number of deaths and injuries every year, and around all the world in different groups of population. The road safety education, (or traffic safety education), regarding the complexity of this process, and that it takes place during the complete process of life of individuals, is considered as a key determinant of road safety behaviors and a relatively lower road risk, essentially for road users with more and diverse high risk factors which may explain the occurrence of road accidents, such as young adults. The general objective of this study was to describe the associated factors to the Road Safety Education in the higher education institutions (universities) of Spain, and its relationship with road safety factors among young adults currently coursing a career in this kind of centers. Throughout this study, it was also assessed a set of indicators related with road safety education “outputs”, such as attitudes towards road safety, knowledge of traffic law and signals, risk perception and risky behaviors on the road. This cross-sectional study used a total sample of n=843 (357 (42.3%) men, and 486 (57.7%) women) university students, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, factors associated with road safety education at Spanish higher education institutions and, finally, their attitudes, perceptions and self- reported behaviors as road users. Besides finding a very low participation of Spanish universities in road safety education, and of its students in these activities or programs, significant measures of association between individual factors and the employed road safety education indicators were found. Gender comparisons show substantial differences on road safety education indicators between men and women, being, in all cases, more adverse results corresponding to the male gender. Finally, it was built a multiple linear regression model, that allowed to establish the statistical influence of the road safety education on risky behaviors on the road of Spanish university students. This study shows that it is necessary to develop strategies to increase the presence of actions related to road safety education within universities, to improve the coverage and quality of the learning process of this subject among higher education students, and to include universities in the development of a multi-sectorial road safety education strategy

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.11648/j.her.20160101.12
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    Prevalence of Physical and Mental Fatigue Symptoms on Spanish Drivers and Its Incidence on Driving Safety

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio A. Useche, Elena López de Cózar

    (2016). Article

    Motor-vehicle crashes are a major public health concern since road accidents explain a high number of deaths every year. In this sense, drivers’ health and performance are essential issues in order to avoid traffic crashes, taking into account that these characteristics are essential to achieve this task correctly and safety. Previous studies have found that the fatigue, because of the cognitive and motor deterioration it causes, contributes to increase significantly the probability of being involved in a crash. The general objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among Spanish drivers, and its relationship with driving safety. It were also analyzed,...

    Motor-vehicle crashes are a major public health concern since road accidents explain a high number of deaths every year. In this sense, drivers’ health and performance are essential issues in order to avoid traffic crashes, taking into account that these characteristics are essential to achieve this task correctly and safety. Previous studies have found that the fatigue, because of the cognitive and motor deterioration it causes, contributes to increase significantly the probability of being involved in a crash. The general objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of fatigue symptomatology among Spanish drivers, and its relationship with driving safety. It were also analyzed, throughout this investigation, the risk perception of drivers about fatigue in driving, the prevalence of fatigue symptomatology on drivers, the relation of the drivers with or without fatigue symptoms with the reported and subjective incidence of health in driving, and finally, to provide a further understanding of the socio-demographic and psycho-social characteristics of drivers related to fatigue in Spain. This cross- sectional study used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, driving habits and perceptions about their driving performance and decision-making related with fatigue. A high percentage of Spanish drivers (18%), were not aware of the effects of fatigue and its impact on driving. In general terms, 15.8% of the participants showed fatigue symptoms. Furthermore, 61.1% of them thought that sometimes they were not in good conditions to drive. However, the remaining 38.9% admitted they felt in good conditions to drive even presenting fatigue symptoms. This study shows that an important percentage of drivers did not think about the fact that fatigue has a negative influence on driving, compared to what they thought about psychoactive drugs, drowsiness, and drug use. Guidelines to increase traffic safety trough the intervention of drivers’ fatigue are proposed.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.11648/j.apn.20160102.12
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    3rd Conference on urban mobility and road safety

    Francisco Alonso

    (2016). Participació en congressos

    The 3rd Conference on urban mobility and road safety was held in Valencia on 17 November 2016, organized by the Polytechnic University of Valencia, under the title "Management of vulnerable users: outstanding issue of traffic engineering". Professor Francisco Alonso gave the closing conference, “Models of integration of vulnerable users in the field of urban management”.

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    1st International Congress on traditional events

    Francisco Alonso

    (2016). Participació en congressos

    From 9 to 11 November 2016, the 1st International Congress on traditional events was held in Castellón under the title "Cultural heritage and the popular event as an element of territorial projection and development", organized by the Jaime I University From Castellón Dr. Francisco Alonso participated in the roundtable "Traditional event and the three health of WHO", a conversational dynamic on the bio-psycho-socio-economic health of a territory and its people.

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    Consistency Between the Subjective Perception of Feeling Indisposed, the Decision to Drive and Driving Performance

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Jaime Sanmartín, Sergio A. Useche

    (2016). Article

    Drivers’ health and fitness are essential issues in order to predict traffic crashes, taking into account that these characteristics are essential to perform this task correctly and safety. The purpose of this research was to analyze the frequency in which drivers who feel physically or emotionally unable to drive decide to perform this task, or not, under states of indisposition, as well as the perception of the effect that this indisposition had on driving. This cross-sectional study used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, driving habits and...

    Drivers’ health and fitness are essential issues in order to predict traffic crashes, taking into account that these characteristics are essential to perform this task correctly and safety. The purpose of this research was to analyze the frequency in which drivers who feel physically or emotionally unable to drive decide to perform this task, or not, under states of indisposition, as well as the perception of the effect that this indisposition had on driving. This cross-sectional study used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about their psychosocial characteristics, driving habits and perceptions about their driving performance and safety behaviors related with physical and mental health. The main selection criteria were to be in possession of any type of driving license for vehicles other than motorcycles and to drive frequently. The results showed that 62.5% of the participants that were not in perfect conditions to drive at times decided not to drive and 37.5% decided to use the vehicle. Furthermore, 16.5% of the starting sample experienced inappropriate psychophysical conditions while driving. In the group of drivers who decided to use the vehicle, 46.9% admitted that their driving was affected. It was determined that there is a substantial lack of correspondence between driver's perceptions and behaviors with respect to the impact of health conditions on crash risk, and a growing need to raise people’s awareness regarding this fact. A large number of drivers continue driving even when they are not in condition to do so, which is clearly a risky behavior. It seems necessary to implement preventive actions and measures oriented to raise appropriate public awareness about the risks derived from driving under an altered physical or emotional state.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.11648/j.sjph.20160406.21
    ISSN: 2328-7942
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    7th International Scientific Conference CMDTUR 2016

    Francisco Alonso

    (2016). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the presentation "Road safety measures for professional drivers" within the 7th International Scientific Conference CMDTUR 2016 which have been held in Zilina, Eslovaquia, on 19 and 20 October. Because economic and social importance of road and urban transport is not negligible, the Conference aims to be the forum for meetings and exchange of views of the experts from fields associated with road and urban transport.

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    2nd Latin-American Congress for the Advance of Psychological Science (CLACIP 2016)

    Francisco Alonso

    (2016). Participació en congressos

    At the 2nd Latin-American Congress for the Advance of Psychological Science (CLACIP 2016), celebrated in Buenos Aires (Argentina) from 12 to 15 October, Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the master class “Psychology and road safety. Some lessons learnt”. He also gave the presentation “Psychology and Road Safety” in the Bridging Session “Contributions of Psychological Research to Development and Road Safety”, and the presentation “Future challenges for road psychology” in the Border Sessions, which aim approaching in a reflective way the future challenges in different fields of psychology. The CLACIP is an innovative congress, designed to encourage the academic exchange, the technological...

    At the 2nd Latin-American Congress for the Advance of Psychological Science (CLACIP 2016), celebrated in Buenos Aires (Argentina) from 12 to 15 October, Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the master class “Psychology and road safety. Some lessons learnt”. He also gave the presentation “Psychology and Road Safety” in the Bridging Session “Contributions of Psychological Research to Development and Road Safety”, and the presentation “Future challenges for road psychology” in the Border Sessions, which aim approaching in a reflective way the future challenges in different fields of psychology. The CLACIP is an innovative congress, designed to encourage the academic exchange, the technological association and the strategical advance of psychology: as science, practise and public good. It is organised by the Association for the Advance of Psychological Science (AACP) every two years in order to build national and regional networks that contribute to the scientific, social and strategic development of the Argentine and Latin-American psychology.

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    Laboralia 2016

    Francisco Alonso

    (2016). Participació en congressos

    At the Feria Valencia Event Centre, Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated in a round table entitled "The application of Mindfulness to prevention of work and traffic accidents", moderated by Luis Ferre Vázquez, Technical Of Prevention of Feria Valencia, and in which also has participated Constanza Calatayud, researcher of the group DATS-Intras, of the University of Valencia. The event is part of the Prevention, Protection, Health and Safety at Work Fair, Laboralia 2016, a meeting point for occupational risk prevention and labor well-being, which was held on 28 and 29 September.

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    2nd Conferences on Road Safety

    Francisco Alonso

    (2016). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the presentation "The influence of age on accident rate", within the 2nd Conferences on Road Safety that, with the title “The challenge of conservation and road safety”, which has been held in Alicante on 31 May and 1 June 2016. These days are a meeting point, debate and discussion between administrations, companies, researchers, technicians and experts in conservation and road safety.

 
 
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