Virginia Woolf Chronology
1882Adeline Virginia Stephen born in London on January 25 to Leslie Stephen, statesman and man of letters, and Julia Duckworth Stephen. Her father had one (insane) daughter* from a previous marriage, her mother three children from an earlier marriage; together they had four more children: Vanessa, Julian Thoby, Virginia and Adrian. Virginia educated at home by her parents.1895Julia Stephen dies; Leslie Stephen goes into deep mourning; Virginia has a severe mental breakdown. Household run by Julia's daughter Stella Duckworth, who postpones her marriage until Vanessa is old enough to take over.1897Stella Duckworth marries, becomes pregnant, and dies.1902Leslie Stephen knighted.1904-05Death of Sir Leslie Stephen in 1904. Virginia has a second mental breakdown, and tries to commit suicide by jumping out of a window. Vanessa, Thoby, Virginia and Adrian move to Bloomsbury. Virginia publishes first essays; soon becomes a regular book reviewer for the Times Literary Supplement. She also teaches at an evening college for working men and women.1906The four Stephens travel to Greece, where Vanessa and Thoby become ill; Thoby dies of typhoid fever at age of 26.1907Vanessa Stephen marries critic Clive Bell; Virginia and Adrian room together near the Bells.1910First post-Impressionist Exhibition, engineered by Virginia's friend, critic and art historian Roger Fry. She later wrote that "in or about December, 1910, human character changed." Gradual gathering of "Bloomsbury Group," comprising such people as Lytton Strachey, Roger Fry, Duncan Grant, Desmond MacCarthy, John Maynard Keynes and E.M. Forster *.1912-15Virginia Stephen marries Leonard Woolf on August 10, 1912. she has third mental breakdown, which lasts for three years. During this time she completes novel, The Voyage Out (originally titled Melymbrosia), but its publication is delayed by breakdown, and the war which is declared on August 4, 1914. Finally published in 1915 by her half-brother, Gerald Duckworth. Woolf begins diary.1917The Woolfs buy a secondhand printing press, and set up the Hogarth Press in the basement. Later, the press will publish T.S.Eliot, Katherine Mansfield, Freud, Gorky and all of Woolf's novels and writings.1918The war ends, November 11.1919Publishes novel, Night and Day, with Gerald Duckworth; and collections of shortstories with Hogarth Press.1921Publishes Monday or Tuesday, short fiction, with Hogarth Press. From this time, all her books will be published by the press.1922Publishes Jacob's Room.1925Publishes Mrs Dalloway and The Common Reader, a collection of essays. The Hogarth Press moves from the Woolf's basement in Richmond to London.1927Publishes To the Lighthouse.1928Publishes Orlando, a fictional "biography" of Woolf's friend, and possibly, lover, Vita Sackville-West.1929Publishes book-length feminist essay, A Room of One's Own.1931Publishes The Waves.1932Publishes The Common Reader: Second Series.1933Publishes Flush, a "biography" of Elizabeth Barrett Browning's spaniel.1935Produces Freshwater, A Comedy in Three Acts for her friends.1937Publishes The Years. Nephew Julian Bell killed in the Spanish Civil War.1938Publishes pacifist, feminist essay, Three Guineas.1939War declared on September 3; the Woolfs prepare to commit suicide if England invaded.1940Publishes Roger Fry: A Biography. Completes draft of Between the Acts. During Battle of Britain, London home destroyed by bombs.1941At the onset of another mental breakdown, which she fears will be permanent, Virginia Woolf fills her pockets with stones and drowns herself in the River Ouse on March 28, leaving suicide notes for her husband and sister. Her husband Leonard publishes various essays, short stories, letters and diaries of hers, as well as several autobiographies which detail their life together.1960Leonard Woolf dies.
© (from Virginia Woolf ed. by Harold Bloom , Chelsea House Publishers, 1986)
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Creada: 22/02/2000 Última Actualización: 11/03/2000