2. Gender inequality: Facts, causes and consequences

IDevice Question Icon Gender Quiz: Do the following quiz and discuss your answers
1. If sex refers to the biological differences between men and women, gender refers to:
A. Socially constructed roles and responsibilities of men and women
B. A concept that may change over time and vary within and between cultures
C. Femininity and masculinity
D. All of the above
E. Sex and gender have the same meaning and can be used interchangeably

2. Gender equality is an issue that is relevant to:
A. Girls and women; it's a women's issue
B. Developing countries; it is only there that gender gaps exist
C. All societies, women and men alike

3. Why are girls more likely than boys to miss out on secondary education in the developing world?
A. Because of high school fees, only boys go to school
B. Many adolescent girls are expected to help out at home
C. Child marriage restricts girls' mobility and freedom
D. All of the above

4. Many women who are infected or at risk of becoming infected with HIV do not practise high-risk behaviours, and are frequently married or in a monogamous relationship
A. True: Women are vulnerable largely because of their limited autonomy and external factors, including violence against women and social and economic inequities beyond their control
B. False: marriage alone guarantees protection from HIV infection

5. What fraction of the world's working hours is worked by women and girls?
A. 1/4
B. 1/2
C. 2/3
D. 3/4

6. Obstacles faced by women entering the world of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) include:
A. Women’s limited access to financial resources for buying ICT equipment
B. Unequal access to education and training
C. Isolation of women in their homes or in remote places
D. All of the above

7. Since 1901, the Nobel Prizes have been awarded to 768 individuals and 19 organizations. How many women have received this Prize?
A. 12
B. 33
C. 77

8. Looking at the issue of violence against women from a gender perspective one recognizes that...
A. Male violence towards women is instinctive. Women have to accept a certain degree of violence
B. Violence against women is a manifestation of prevailing unequal power relations between women and men
C. It is also women’s fault if men are violent with women

9. Which strategies help women become more socially and economically empowered?
A. Women working together to challenge discrimination
B. More income sources for women
C. Improved access to education
D. All of the above

10. Gender equality supports:
A. Poverty eradication
B. Education for All goals
C. Reduction of HIV infections
D. Increase in family income
E. All of the above

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AngloTIC Learning Objects 2011 Sergio Maruenda Bataller & Begoña Clavel Arroitia