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The Violin is the highest-pitched instrument of the String section. It consists of three main parts: the body, the neck and the head. The body is made of slow-growing wood and the neck and the head of maple. It is usually played with a bow, which is a curved wooden rod with horsehair stretched between the two ends. Its tension can be adjusted with a screw. It has four strings and they are tuned in perfect fifths beginning with a G. The Violin strings are G3, D4, A4 and E5.

The violin player usually produce the sound by drawing the bow across the strings, but it can be played by plucking the strings with the fingers (Pizzicato technique). It is pitched in the key of C and notated in treble clef. Its playing range starts at the G3 and the highest note you can play is the A7. The Violin timbre depends on a combination of factors: the string, the point of contact of the bow, the drawing speed and the bow pressure. According to that the G string is dark and sonorous, the D string is full and mellow, the A string is more mellow than the D string and the E string is lustrous, bright and metallic.

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