Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis)

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Species: Pinus halepensis

Family: Pinaceae

Common names: Aleppo pine; Pino carrasco (Spanish); Pi blanc (Catalan); Pin blanc ou Pin d'Alep (French)

Brief description: small to medium-sized tree, 15–25 m tall; it tend to retain the branched in the lower part of the trunk (no self-prunning). Yellowish green needels, in pairs, slander. Serotinous cones.

Distribution: Mediterranean. From Morocco and Spain north to southern France, Italy and Croatia, and east to Greece and northern Libya, with an outlying population (from where it was first described) in Syria (including Aleppo), Jordan and Palestine-Israel.

Habitat: It is generally found at low altitudes, mostly from sea level to 200 m forming crown-fire ecosystems, but can grow at an altitude of up to 1000 m in southern Spain, and up to 1700 m in the south, in Morocco and Algeria. In the lowlands it may grow in almost any place, sometimes forming (monospecific or mix) woodlands, but also dispersed in shrublands.

Regeneration: it has both serotinous and non-serotinous cones (and thin bark)

Uses and overuses: Often planted in many places, thus many of the woodlands are of anthropogenic origin. Seeds are used in the traditional Tunisian cusine for making flour (crushing to power the seed nuts, including the hard shell) used for preparing custard, ice creams, iogurts and other specialities.

Status: IUCN = Lower Risk / least concern [Red List]