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A.- Basic training (compulsory) (24 ECTS credits) (1st four-month period)

Subject: Polluting processes (9 ECTS credits)


Noise pollution, radioactive pollution, chemical and dynamic pollution, greenhouse effect and climate change. Anthropic modification in river beds, in flood plains and in the coastal system. Processes of soil degradation and pollution. Soil physical behaviour soil. Pollution processes of continental aquatic ecosystems...

Subject: Effects of pollution (9 ECTS credits)


Effects on animals: response of animals before environment change (acclimatisation and adaptation), general response to stress, effects of climate change: importance of the thermal phenotype, toxicokinetics of organic and inorganic pollutants, molecular toxicity mechanisms, effects of pesticides and heavy metals on the physiology of animals. Ecological effects of pollution. Soil as a purification system. Capacity of waste acceptance of soil. Environmental effects of pollutants in the soil. Effects of pollution on the human health status. Effects of pollution on the continental waters. Effects of air pollution on the plant ecosystems: agrosystems and forest ecosystems...

Subject: Measurement of environmental pollution in humans (3 ECTS credits)


General concepts of human toxicology. Definition and types of markers in humans. Biological monitoring. Reference values. Sampling. Types of matrices. Time of the sampling. Interpretation of results. Ethical problems regarding markers.

Subject: Sampling and analysis of environmental analysis through mass espectrometry (3 ECTS credits)


Environmental pollution: priority pollutants in Europe. EPA's list. Legislation and current state. The role of mass spectrometry in the identification and quantification of environmental pollutants. Sampling and sample preparation. Sampling of solid samples (mud, sediments), sampling of liquid samples (natural and waste waters), atmospheric samples and biota. Mass spectrometry applied to the analysis of inorganic pollutants at the level of traces and ultratraces. Off-line sample preparation techniques. Extraction/preconcentration in water samples. Extraction of solid samples. On-line sample preparation techniques. Extraction/preconcentration in water samples. Gas preparations. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MC) applied to the determination or polar and non-polar organic pollutants. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry applied to the determination of persistent and volatile organic pollutants. Mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) applied to the anaysis of environmental pollutants.