Laboratory of Fiber Optics
Wideband tuning of strong bands generated through polarization modulation instability (PMI) in photonic crystal fibers (PCF) is achieved via thermal tuning of fiber’s chromatic dispersion and birefringence, using PCFs infiltrated with ethanol and pumped at 1064 nm (Optics Letters 45, 4891-4894, 2020). In a previous article, we demonstrated tunable PMI in all-normal dispersion (AND-i) photonic crystal fibers, in which scalar four wave mixing (FWM) was forbidden (IEEE Photonics Journal 11, art. 7104108, 2019).
The fundamentals of our measuring method is based on a conservation law of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, so it is not limited to specific ranges of chromatic dispersion and nonlinear coefficient values, in contrast to previous approaches. Measuring the increments of intensity autocorrelation at zero time delay (which provides -Δρloss), and the square of the rms spectral width (Δμ2) at different powers, for a given fiber length, one obtains directly the ratio between chromatic dispersion and the nonlinear coefficient (β2/γ). (Optics Letters 45, 4432-4435, 2020) *Optics Letters' Editors have chosen this paper to be highlighted as an Editor's Pick.*
PMMA Pockels' coefficients exhibit negligible dispersion and anisotropy in the wavelength range [800, 2000] nm:
p11 = 0.298 ± 0.010 p12 = 0.294 ± 0.010
PMI enables a controlled generation of new frequencies in ANDi fibers, in which scalar four wave mixing (FWM) is forbidden. Several ANDi - PCF were designed and fabricated at the LFO facilities. A detailed experimental and theoretical characterization of PMI in these ANDi - PCF was carried out (IEEE Photonics Journal 11, art. 7104108, 2019). This work is part of a project focused on the development of new tunable light sources based on FWM in nonlinear PCF with special dispersion properties.
We show that the laser output obeys the photon statistics inherent to narrowband amplified spontaneous emission and that the noise pulsing is properly addressed in terms of probability density and autocorrelation functions. Our novel approach reveals, in particular, that the regime’s coherence time dramatically shortens, from few ns to tens ps, with increasing laser power (Scientific Reports 9, art. 13073, 2019)
Recent advances in fiber grating fabrication: (Left) Single-mode Bragg gratings in tapered few-mode and multimode fibers (Optics Letters 44, 4024-4027, 2019), and (Right) long period gratings with subnanometric linewidths (Optics Letters 42, 1265-1268, 2017). These fabrication improvements have pushed forward some applications in photonic fractional signal processing (Progress in Optics 63, 93-178, 2018).