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Structure of condensed matter: 

The main theory of fundamental interactions of nature is going to be subjected to a deep analysis in the next few years thanks to the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) of the CERN (Europe) and also to the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) of the GSI (Europe), to the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) of the BNL and to GLUEX in the Jefferson Lab. (USA). Our project will study the theoretical part of strong interactions also called hadron that are described by the Quantum chromodynamics (QCD). This theory is basically composed by quarks and gluons and color as a degree of dynamic freedom. We will study strong interactions through two formalisms and in two different dynamic systems. Formalisms are the quantum field theory and the use of models with quantum field theory support. Both dynamic systems make the vacuum and hadron matter at high temperature and density up.

In the vacuum, research lines will consist of: 1) Study of mechanisms of QCD confinement through the use of quantum field theory in a non-perturbative area; 2) The study of distributions of generalised partons, quantities that are measured when the hadrons are observed with different sounding lines ─ electrons, muons, neutrinos, protons, antiprotons... both for the nucleon and the pion; 3) The study of the hadron spectrum composed of light and/or heavy quarks and the so called exotic statuses allowed by the QCD but that do not follow basic rules of composition experimentally observed.

In the nuclear field we will study: 1) The transition of deconfinement; 2) The observation of hadron statuses in the quark and gluon plasma.

Finally, many of these findings in particles have implications in cosmology. The most urgent problems in the present day are the matter and dark energies. We pretend to see how hadron interaction can have an influence in both.

All these researches will be made within the framework of stable European collaborations. Our group has been the node of two European nets in the periods between 1996 and 2000 and also 2000 and 2003 and it composes Integrated Infrastructure Initiatives in the period between 2004 and 2008. It takes part of a new application form that is presently being reviewed by the European Commission.

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