Our current research projects «Digital economy regulation: equality guarantees provided by public powers and algorithmical tools» (2020-2023), «The regulation of digital transformation and the sharing economy» (2018-2021) and the European Jean Monnet Network «Sharing Economy and Inequalities across Europe» (2019-2021) are set up by a team of experts (in administrative law, constitutional law, tax law, labor law, economics and sociology) from the University of Valencia and other European Universities, who have been conducting research on the regulation of the digital transformation of many social and economic activities over the last years. Our research aims at analysing, from a multidisciplinary and comparative approach, the most relevant problems raised by the regulation of the so called digital economy (i. e. peer-to-peer economy, digital platforms issues, collaborative consumption, etc.), and in particular of those systems of production and consumption of goods which use recently developed information technology to enable new kinds of arrangements that, due to transaction costs and information asymmetries, were previously too difficult to implement. Our starting hypothesis is that most systems of digital economy need to be specifically regulated in order to clarify the law and strike a fair balance between the interests at stake, as those systems present new and substantially different issues that were not foreseen at the time current regulations were enacted. Also, we guess that equality may suffer if public powers do not address this problem throughout public regulation specifically designed for those markets. Our research projects, thus, are trying to determine whether we can prove these hypothesis right in order to propose the proper regulatory frameworks with an empiracl knowdledge of their social and economic outputs.

After at least ten years of continuous development and a lot of academic studies on the economic basis of the phenomenon, mostly developed in the United States and by scholars who work there, we can consider that we already have a complete and deep understanding of the fundamental dynamics of the digital economy (as well as some of its most ubicuous examples: the so-called collaborative economy or the digital platform economy). In Spain and Europe, also, some research has already been carried out (for instance, in the past, by some members of the Regulation Research Group at the University of Valencia). However, the regulatory challenges that result from these changes are yet to be successfully solved at least, in four essential aspects (which are the pivotal areas of analysis and study of our research projects: 

1) Neither the EU nor the Spanish legal system have managed, for the time being, to draw up a regulatory framework which is able to reconcile the efficiency gains brought by these new business models with the protection of some basic constitutional social values. That is why we consider essential to study what normative limits impose the social clause of the Spanish Constitution of 1978 and which obligations to public powers and Public Administration will be declined, as well in their economic regulation duties and in the exercise of their control and inspection powers.

2) Given the huge impact that big data, automated decision-making and computational power have on digital platform brokerage, these technologies must be closely examined from a legal perspective which assesses their role in enhancing digital processes as well as in generating possible situations of social inequality, addressing the regulatory choices in which their efficiency and social effects may result.

3) A third essential dimension is related to the assessment of this impact on social fairness and equality when it affects social groups specially endangered or vulnerable. . Gender or social biases, as well of other possible forms of private and public discrimination are therefore necessary to be studied, assessed and analysed from both a theoretical and practical perspective that takes into account the traditional legal tools and public action in the fight against discrimination in a renewed way.

4)  Finally, an exhaustive evaluation of the impact on social fairness and inequalities of the policies applied to already consolidated sharing economy markets, such as transportation, is still to be made.

The activities of the REGULATION Research Group at the University of Valencia are currently funded by the Spanish Government (Ministry of Science and Innovation,  Spanish Research Plan, 2017-2020: by the Research project PID2019-108745GB-I00 «Digital economy regulation: equality guarantees provided by public powers and algorithmical tools») and by the Valencian Government (Generalitat Valenciana, Universities, Research and Science Office: by the Research Project PROMETEU/2017/064 «The regulation of digital transformation and the sharing economy»), as well as for our alma mater, the University of València. The Regulation Research Group of the University of València is also the lead partner of the SHINE Jean Monnet Network («Sharing Economy and Inequalities across Europe», 611585-EPP-1-2019-1-ES-EPPJMO-NETWORK) that groups academic research and teaching on those subjects made by the University of València, the University of Bolonia, the Catholic University of Louvain, the University of Palermo and the University of Barcelona.

Past research projects granted to the Regulation Research Group of the University of València were: «The regulation of sharing economy», funded by the Spanish Government (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness Research Plan, 2016-2019, DER2015-67613-R); «Pluralism and contents in audiovisual market regulation in Spain», funded by the Spanish Government (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness Research Plan, 2013-2015, DER2012-37122), as well as different minor projects granted by the Valencian Government.


NEXT ACTIVITIES:

El Derecho Público ante la crisis del COVID-19: 14, 16, 22, 24, 28 y 30 de abril y 5 y 8 de mayo de 2020. Jornadas on-line. Seguimiento en directo aquí. Programa de la semana en curso aquí.

2018-2019 Legal Lunches on Regulation and Sharing Economy 

Our Regulation Research Group YouTube Channel:

Videos (in English) of our June 2018 International Conference on Competition Law, Digital Platforms and Big Data

- Videos (in Spanish or Catalan) of our July 2017 Course Course on the regulation of the Sharing Economy in Transportation, Cultural and Touristic Markets

Videos (in Spanish) of our January 2018 Seminar on the Challenges of the Digital Transformation of the Economy


PAST ACTIVITIES:

2019: International Conference on the Regulation of the Sharing Economy 

2018 International Conference on Competition Law, Digital Platforms and Big Data (Videos available at our YouTube Channel)

2018 Public debate on the regulation of shared accommodation in Spain and in València in particular

2018 Training Workshop on data and statistical tools, quantitative methods and empirical analyse for Social Sciences Research 

2017 Johanna Jacobsson, Crowdworking and telemigration – the call for new global rules (15 December 2017, València, Spain)

2017 International Conference on the Regulation of Shared Accommodation (25-26 October, València, Spain)  

2017 Law and Behavioral Sciences. New Roles for Public and Private Law (11 October 2017, València, Spain)    

2017 International Conference on Labor in the Sharing Economy and Crowd Workers (28-29 September, València, Spain)

2017 Summer Course about the Sharing Economy for Innovation and Touristic Activities (17-18 July, Gandia, Spain)

2017 Competition and Regulation Seminar (10 May, València, Spain)

2016 International Conference on the Regulation of Shared Transportation Systems (14-15 November, València, Spain)

2015-2018 Legal Lunches on Regulation and Sharing Economy 


PUBLICATIONS

 

BOOKS

- Todolí Signes, A. (2017): El trabajo en la era de la economía colaborativa, Tirant lo Blanch.

- Boix, A.; De la Encarnación, A.; Doménech, G. (eds.) (2017): La regulación del transporte colaborativo, Aranzadi - Thomson Reuters.

- Rodríguez Piñero, M.; Todolí Signes, A. (eds.) (2018): Trabajo en plataformas digitales: innovación, Derecho y mercado, Aranzadi – Thomson Reuters.

- De la Encarnación, A. (dir.); Boix Palop, A. (coord.) (2018): La regulación del alojamiento colaborativo, Aranzadi - Thomson Reuters.

 

 ARTICLES AND BOOK CHAPTERS:

- Doménech Pascual, G. (2015):  “La regulación de la economía colaborativa. El caso Uber contra el taxi” CEFLEGAL, 175-176, pp. 61-104.

- Doménech Pascual, G. (2016): “Sharing Economy and Regulatory Strategies towards Legal Change”, European Journal of Risk Regulation, 7:4, 2016, pp. 717-727

- De la Encarnación, A.M. (2016): “Alojamiento colaborativo, viviendas de uso turístico y plataformas virtuales”, REALA, 5, on-line.

- Todolí Signes, A. (2016):  “El impacto de la  “Uber Economy” en las relaciones laborales: los efectos de las plataformas laborales en el mercado de trabajo”, IUSLABOR, 3

- Doménech Pascual, G. (2017): “Economía colaborativa y Administración Local”, Anuario del Gobierno Local 2015/2016, pp. 35-66.

 - Todolí Signes, A. (2017): “El trabajador en la Uber economy: ni dependiente ni autónomo, sino todo lo contrario”, Trabajo y Derecho. Nueva Revista de Actualidad y Relaciones Laborales, 25, 2017, pp. 43.60.

- Doménech Pascual, G. (2017): “La regulación de la economía colaborativa en el sector del taxi y los VTC”, in Juan José Montero Pascual (ed.), La regulación de la economía colaborativa. AirBnB, BlaBlaCar, Uber y otras plataformas, Tirant Lo Blanch, Valencia, 2017, pp. 351-401. 

- Boix Palop, A. (2017): “La economía colaborativa, sus variantes y los retos jurídicos que plantea”, prologue to Alberto Aznar Traval, Economía colaborativa, alojamiento y transporte, Aranzadi - Thomson Reuters, pp. 19-25.

- Boix Palop, A. (2017): “La ordenación del transporte urbano colaborativo”, in A.Boix, A. De la Encarnación, G. Doménech, La regulación del transporte colaborativo, Aranzadi - Thomson Reuters, pp. 119-152.

- Boix Palop, A. (2018): “Economía colaborativa para el desarrollo local”, in M.R. Alonso Ibáñez, La sostenibilidad socioeconómica de las ciudades, Tirant lo Blanch, pp. 369-409.

- Doménech Pascual, G. (2018): “La regulación autonómica y local de las viviendas de uso turístico”, Anuario de Derecho Municipal 2017, 17, pp. 43-73.

- Boix Palop, A. (2018): “Estrategias regulatorias para la resolución de los conflictos de intereses generados por la proliferación del alojamiento de corta duración con intermediación digital” in De la Encarnación, A. (dir.); Boix Palop, A. (coord.) (2018): La regulación del alojamiento colaborativo, Aranzadi - Thomson Reuters.

- Soriano-Arnanz, A. y Doménech-Pascual, G. (2018): “Taxi regulation in Spain under the pressure of the sharing economy”, Rosen Noguellou & David Renders (eds.), Uber & Taxis. Comparative Law Studies, Bruylant, Bruxelles, pp. 357-376.  

Doménech Pascual, G. (2019): “Penalty y expulsión. La economía de las plataformas digitales en el sector de los taxis y los VTC”, in La contratación de bienes y servicios mediante plataforma de economía colaborativa, Civitas-Thompson Reuters, Madrid (forthcoming).

- Boix Palop, A. (2019):  “The Challenges of Urban Mobility Regulation and the New Urban Agenda” (forthcoming)

- Boix Palop, A. (2020): "Liderazgo local y sus límites en el despliegue de políticas de movilidad sostenible", Comunicación presentada en el XV Congreso de la AEPDA (Eivissa, febrero de 2020)

- Boix Palop, A. (2020): "Los algoritmos son reglamentos: La necesidad de extender las garantías propias de las normas reglamentarias a los programas empleados por la administración para la adopción de decisiones", Revista de Derecho Público. Teoría y Método, nº 1, 2020, pp. 223-269. 

 DRAFTS / UPCOMING PAPERS:

- Boix Palop, A. (Draft):  “Competitive Risks in the Sharing Economy and the European Union Market Regulation” SSRN Draft uploaded at October 15th 2016. 

 

RESULTS PRODUCED BY ASSOCIATE RESEARCHERS IN THE REALM OF THE RESEARCH PROJECT:

- Aznar Traval, A. (2016, University of València, Master in Commercial Law Final Project directed by A. Boix Palop):  “Derecho, Economía Colaborativa y Nuevos Modelos de Negocio:Sector del Transporte, Blablacar y Uber” (coming soon at roderic.uv.es)

- Aznar Traval, A. (2017): Economía colaborativa:alojamiento y transporte, Aranzadi – Thomson Reuters

 

LEGAL BLOGGING ON SHARING ECONOMY (AND ALSO OTHER SUBJECTS) MADE BY OUR RESEARCHERS:

- A. Boix Palop on the regulation of the Sharing Economy (legal blogging in Spanish) and A. Boix Palop on other (and more broad) Public Law issues (legal blogging in Spanish)

- G. Doménech Pascual on Public Law issues (legal blogging in Spanish)

- A. Todolí Signes on Labour Law issue(legal blogging in Spanish)

 

OUR RESEARCH ON SHARING ECONOMY IN THE MEDIA:

- “Una regulación para la economía colaborativa eficiente y cuidadosa”, by Andrés Boix Palop at www.eldiario.es (a proposal analising how touristic countries such as Spain should regulate the sharing economy in the accommodation or transportation markets)

- “Intentando blindar el sector del taxi frente a la competencia, los tribunales y el interés público”, by Gabriel Doménech Pascual at www.hayderecho.com (a critic analysis of the Spanish government and Parliament reaction trying to block judicial decisions that are forcing a timid opening to competition in transportation markets)

 

RESEARCH DISSEMINATION AND CIVIC INVOLVEMENT:

- Analysis of social possibilities and environmental issues regarding urban planning in Benimaclet (València): "Estudio sobre las posibilidades de reclasificación del Sector PRR-4 “Benimaclet” del Plan General de Ordenación Urbana de València, su hipotético coste y las medidas de planificación propias de un urbanismo sostenible e integrador para una futura actuación pública sobre ese sector", by Andrés Boix Palop, Reyes Marzal Raga, Clàudia Gimeno Fernández i Pasqual Herrero Vicent.

 

Members of the Research Project:

- Research Project responsible: Dr. Andrés Boix Palop (Administrative Law, University of València)

- Research Project responsible: Dr. Gabriel Doménech Pascual (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- Dr. M. Abramowicz (George Washington University)  

- B. Aranda Carles (Administrative Law, University of València)

- V. Bethencourt Rodríguez (Administrative Law, University of València)  

- J. Castellanos Claramunt (Law Theory, University of València)   

- Dra. A.M. de la Encarnación Valcárcel (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- Dr. R. de Vicente Domingo (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- Dr. M. Fehling (Bucerius Law School, Hamburg) 

- C. Gimeno Fernández (Administrative Law, University of València)   

-  Dr. E. García de Leonardo Tobarra (Administrative Law, University of València)  

- Dr. A. Ituren i Oliver (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- L. López Zurita (Public Law, European Institute of Florence) 

- Dra. E. Machancoses García (Tax Law, University of València)  

- J. Martínez Otero (Administrative Law, University of València)  

- W. Marneffe (Hasselt Universiteit)  

- Dra. R. Marzal Raga (Administrative Law, University of València)

- D. McKee (University of Toronto) 

- Dra. L. Melchor Miralles (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- Dr. J. Montoro Pons (Political Economics, University of València) 

- J. Ortiz Ballester (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- A. Palma Ortigosa (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- M. Pereiro Cárceles (Administrative Law, University of València) 

- Dr. M. Puchades Navarro (Political Economics, University of València) 

- Dra. S. Ranchordás (Gröningen University)  

- Dra. C. Rodilla Martí (Business Law, University of Valencia, external collaborator via REGULATION Group)   

- A. Soriano Arnanz (Administrative Law, University of València)  

- Dr. A. Todolí Signes (Labour Law, University of València) 

- Dr. J. M. Vidal Beltrán (Constitutional Law, University of València)