Since the beginning of the 20th century, the teaching of Archaeology, Epigraphy and Numismatics are part of the studies of the Universitat de València. In 1905 Luis Gonzalvo y Paris (1874-1951) was the first professor. On December 3, 1921, at the initiative of prof. Gonzalvo, the Faculty Council approved the creation of the Laboratory of Archaeology as a seminar for the realization of practices.

El señor Gonzalvo propuso a la Facultad la creación de un Laboratorio Arqueológico, donde, de acuerdo con los fines de la Universidad, se puedan organizar materiales de trabajo, encauzar procedimientos y estimular aficiones, en las distintas ramas de ese orden de estudios, reuniendo y ordenando series de reproducciones plásticas y gráficas de todo género de antigüedades, redactando papeletas bibliográficas de Arqueología, organizando excavaciones y contribuyendo a la formación del inventario arqueológico de la región y vigorizando por cuantos medios se pueda la especialidad de Arqueología valenciana…….. El Claustro por unanimidad le concedió un voto de gracia e hizo suya la proposición acordando que los señores D. Pedro María López y Don Carlos Riba ayuden al Sr. Gonzalvo  a realizar las gestiones pertinentes para la creación del citado Laboratorio de Arqueología”. (Transcript of the act of the Faculty Council).

Among the first students were Felipe Mateu i Llopis (1901-1998) and Olimpia Arozena Torres (1902-1971), who was assistant professor. In the course 1924-1925 the first technical meeting of the Laboratory was established, presided over by L. Gonzalvo and secretary Emilio Gómez Nadal (1907-1994). In 1927, Lluís Pericot Garcia joined the Laboratory (1899-1978) as Professor of Modern and Contemporary History of Spain (1927-1933). From the chair he promoted the teaching of General Prehistory and Spanish Prehistory in the first course of Philosophy and Letters.

In the 40s, after the parenthesis of the civil war, the Laboratory recovered its activity with the name of Laboratorio de Arqueología y Ciencias Auxiliares. In 1944, Manuel Ballesteros Gaibrois (1911-2002) was the professor of General History of Culture that included, among others, Archaeology, Epigraphy and Numismatics. Francesc Esteve Gálvez (1907-2001) was assistant to the chair of Archeology and Olimpia Arozena Torres, assistant professor of Archaeology, Epigraphy and Numismatics. In 1956, Miquel Tarradell i Mateu (1920-1995) was Professor of Archaeology and in 1962 he founded the journal Papeles del Laboratorio de Arqueología de Valencia, which since 1977 has been nicknamed SAGVNTVM.

Between 1976 and 1980, Martín Almagro Gorbea (1946) was a professor in the Department of Prehistory and Archaeology. And, in 1987-1988, Milagro Gil-Mascarell Boscà (1941-1994) became the first woman professor of prehistory at the University and the first director of the department. In November of 1994, the Laboratorio de Arqueología was named Laboratorio Milagro Gil-Mascarell Boscà. In the month of May 2016, the Dept. of Prehistory and Archaeology was merged with the area of ​​Ancient History, changing its name to Dept. of Prehistory, Archaeology and Ancient History.

 

More information:

Aura, J. E. (2006): La creació del Laboratori d’Arqueologia de la Universitat de València entre la Escuela Superior de Diplomática i “por la ciencia hacia Dios”. A Arqueologia en Blanc i Negre: la labor del SIP 1927-1950, València, 33-46.

Díaz-Andreu, M.; Mora, G.; Cortadella, J. (coords.) (2009): Diccionario Histórico de la Arqueología Española (siglos XV-XX). Ed. Marcial Pons, 372-374.

Fletcher, D. (1975): El Laboratorio de Arqueología y su proyección extrauniversitaria. Papeles del Laboratorio de Arqueología de Valencia 11, 21-25.

Martí, B.; Villaverde, V. (1997): El Laboratori d’Arqueologia de la Universitat de València a la dècada del 1940. Saitabi 47, 153-171.

Martín, G. (1995): Miquel Tarradell en Valencia. SAGVNTVM. Papeles del Laboratorio de Arqueología de Valencia 28, 13-20.

Pericot, L. (1975): Mis recuerdos del Laboratorio de Arqueología de la Universidad de Valencia. Papeles del Laboratorio de Arqueología de Valencia 11, 9-10.

 

 
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