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The level of molecular analysis in biology is essential for understanding how living beings function. In the Introduction to the White Paper on Biochemistry and Biotechnology, it is stated that the advance of the so-called "molecular biosciences" in the 20th century has been spectacular and that its applications "are considered, after the information technologies, the next great wave of expansion of the knowledge-based economy". From this it follows that the launching of a Master's degree that has as its fundamental objective the training of professionals in "molecular biosciences" has a great academic, scientific and professional interest.

From an academic and scientific point of view, it is to be highlighted the importance of the Master's degree as a vehicle for the training of doctors; in fact, and as it is explained afterwards, this Master's degree arised from the doctoral programme with a quality mention, from the Departments of Genetics and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Valencia; additionally, and currently, most of the graduated in this Master's degree access the doctoral studies in Biotechnology, which is linked to this Master's degree.

From a professional point of view, training of the highly qualified staff in the field of molecular biosciences (and, in its more practical aspect, in biotechnology) has a great socio-economic importance, in its double professional training aspect for biotechnology companies and potential entrepeneurs linked to the Science Park of the University of Valencia.

On this basis, the training programme of the Master's degree in Research in Molecular, Cellular and Genetics Biology (from now on, Master's degree in RMCGB) is aimed to the specialisation in the molecular aspects of Biology, being its main function training researchers in the knowledge areas of cellular biology, biochemistry and molecular biology, plant physiology, genetics and microbiology. The Master's degree is directed, essentially, to licenciados in Biology and Biochemistry, and currently to graduates in Biology, Biochemistry and Biotechnology.

From its beginnings, the Master's degree in RMCGB has a interdepartmental character as the departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Microbiology and Ecology, Plant Biology, and Cellular Biology and Parasitology of the University of Valencia (from now on, UV) play a part in teaching. Additionally, it has kept an interuniversity character according to an agreement between the UV and the Jaume I University (UJI) of Castellon.