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  • Effect of Road Safety Education on road risky behaviors of Spanish children and adolescents: findings from a national study

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    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer.

    2018. Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. No.15(12), 2828

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky...

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky behavior of Spanish students. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 4062 (51.5% males and 48.5% females) participants attending primary (47.5%), secondary (40.7%), and high school (11.7%) was gathered through a national survey on RSE and road behaviors. Results: A set of significant associations between demographic factors, RSE variables, and self-reported road behaviors was found. Furthermore, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) allowed us to establish that age and observed misbehaviors (positively), and attitudes towards road safety and risk perception (negatively), have a direct link with the road risky behavior of children and young people. The knowledge of traffic rules was not a significant predictor of road behavior. Conclusions: The results of this study show that, together with demographic factors such as age, RSE-related variables have an effect on the road behavior of children and young people. They also suggest the need for strengthening actions to be implemented in road safety (Road Safety Education) at scholar and community levels

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    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15122828
    ISSN: 1660-4601
  • Working Conditions, Job Strain, and Traffic Safety among Three Groups of Public Transport Drivers

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    Sergio Useche, Viviola Gómez, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso.

    2018. Article

    Safety and Health at Work. No.9(4):454-461

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of...

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of sociodemographic and driving performance questions, including age, professional driving experience, work schedules, and accidents and penalties suffered in the last 2 years. Results: Analyses showed significant associations between measures of socio-labor variables and key performance indicators such road traffic accidents and penalties. Furthermore, multiple linear regression analysis contributed to explain significantly suffered accidents from key variables of the Job Demand-Control model, essentially from job strain. In addition, throughout post-hoc analyses, significant differences were found in terms of perceived social support, job strain, and job insecurity. Conclusion: Work stress is an issue that compromises the safety of professional drivers. This research provides evidence supporting a significant effect of job strain on the professional driver’s performance. Moreover, the statistically significant differences between taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers in their expositions to work-related stress suggest the need for tailored occupational safety interventions on each occupational group.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2018.01.003
    ISSN: 2093-7911
  • Explaining self-reported traffic crashes of cyclists: An empirical study based on age and road risky behaviors

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    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    Safety Science. No.113:105-114

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of...

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of norms, and suffered cycling crashes. Results: Using Structural Equation Models, it was found that crash rates in cyclists could be explained through risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of traffic norms and cycling intensity. Through a multi-group path model differentiating cyclists by age group, it was also found that cycling intensity has a differential impact on self-reported crashes in older (age > 25) and younger (age<=25) cyclists. Conclusions: This study suggests that risky behaviors mediate the relationship between the individual factors and the crash rates of cyclists, and that age exerts an important effect in the variation of the explanatory structure of the model. The design of educational tools would be useful for promoting not only the avoidance of risky behaviors, but also a generalized awareness on road safety issues. Practical applications: This research provides an empirical precedent in the study of the impact of factors related to risky behaviors on the road and to safety outcomes of cyclists.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.021
    ISSN: 0925-7535
  • 7th edition of the University of Autumn of Enguera (UOE)

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the conference: "Road safety in the ICT era" in the 7th edition of the University of Autumn of Enguera that, with the slogan "Enguera and its region, new social, economic and educational challenges", was held from November 6 to 8, 2018 in this town. Organized by the Vicerrectorado of Territorial Projection and Society of the Universitat de València, in collaboration with the City council of Enguera and the IES Enguera, and by means of the coordination of the professor Pedro Morillo, it tries to approach Enguera and its region to the university to try to confront the new economic and social challenges from the training. It is designed for different types of public,...

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the conference: "Road safety in the ICT era" in the 7th edition of the University of Autumn of Enguera that, with the slogan "Enguera and its region, new social, economic and educational challenges", was held from November 6 to 8, 2018 in this town. Organized by the Vicerrectorado of Territorial Projection and Society of the Universitat de València, in collaboration with the City council of Enguera and the IES Enguera, and by means of the coordination of the professor Pedro Morillo, it tries to approach Enguera and its region to the university to try to confront the new economic and social challenges from the training. It is designed for different types of public, from middle school students, training or university cycles, to teachers, retirees, unemployed, administration technicians and any other group.

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  • 11th (Inter) National Congress of Legal and Forensic Psychology

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated in the 11th (Inter) National Congress of Legal and Forensic Psychology held in Granada from November 1 to 3, 2018, and organized by the Spanish Society of Legal and Forensic Psychology (SEPJF), with the presentation "Positioning and internationalization of the Spanish traffic psychology in Latin America”, within the Panel of Experts "The profile of traffic psychology and security at the crossroads. Perspectives of the present”

  • Technical Seminar on Road Safety

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated in the round table "Safety elements focused on motorcyclists", within the Technical Road Safety Conference organized by the Technical Association of Roads, with the theme "Opening roads to the implementation of new technologies in road safety ", was held in Logroño on October 25 and 26, 2018.

  • 16th COPARDOM Congress on Occupational Risk Prevention: Safe Company-Sustainable Company

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave a presentation on "Management Systems, Interventions and Good Practices in Road Safety: Vision of the University of Valencia" at the 16th COPARDOM Congress on Occupational Risk Prevention: Safe Company-Sustainable Company, held on 17 and 18 October 2018 in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic)

  • 16th COPARDOM Congress on Occupational Risk Prevention: Safe Company-Sustainable Company

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    Francisco Alonso, Claudia Franchesca De Los Santos

    2018. Participació en congressos

    During October 17 and 18, 2018, the 16th COPARDOM Congress on Occupational Risk Prevention: Safe Company-Sustainable Company was held in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic, where Dr. Francisco Alonso, Advisor of INTRANT, along with Ing. Claudia Franchesca De Los Santos, Director of INTRANT, presented the paper "Towards the development of Road Safety in the labor framework from Law 63-17 and the INTRANT: Challenges and Opportunities".

  • Ig informal Lectures. IG Nobel Prize 2018

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Two days after receiving the Ig Nobel Peace Prize for his research reflected in the scientific article "Shouting and Cursing While Driving: Frequency, Reasons, Perceived Risk and Punishment”, Dr. Francisco Alonso exposed what the authors did, and why they did it in the Ig informal Lectures, conducted at MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology), when winners are available for teachers and students to interact and ask questions they consider.

  • Distraction of cyclists: how does it influence their risky behaviors and traffic crashes?

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    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    Peer J. No.6, e5616

    Background. Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic crashes and severe injuries derived from them. Furthermore, although the empirical evidence is still very limited in this regard, in addition to other human factors involved in cycling crashes, distractions while cycling appear to be a major contributor to the road risk of cyclists. Objectives. The main objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence and trends of cycling distractions within an international...

    Background. Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic crashes and severe injuries derived from them. Furthermore, although the empirical evidence is still very limited in this regard, in addition to other human factors involved in cycling crashes, distractions while cycling appear to be a major contributor to the road risk of cyclists. Objectives. The main objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence and trends of cycling distractions within an international sample of bike users, and second, to determine the influence of such distractions on road crashes suffered by cyclists, simultaneously considering the explanatory role of risky behaviors (errors and traffic violations) as potentially mediating variables between cycling distractions and traffic crashes. Methods. For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data obtained from 1,064 cyclists 61.2% male and 38.8% female from 20 different countries, who answered an on-line questionnaire on cycling-related features, habits, behaviors and accidents. Results. The prevalence of different cycling distractions oscillated between 34.7% and 83.6%. The most common distractions were those related to the behavior of other users, physical elements of the road, weather conditions and phone calls. Age trends and differences were also found, thus establishing a positive association between age and distractibility during cycling. Furthermore, the effect of distractions on traffic crashes of cyclists was significant when tested together with age, risk perception and risky behaviors on the road. Conclusion. The results of this study support the hypotheses that distractions have a major prevalence among bike users, and that they play a significant role in the prediction of the traffic crash rates of cyclists, through the mediation of risky behaviors.

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    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5616
    ISSN: 2167-8359
 
 
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