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The group of Ecology and Biogeography of Aquatic Systems has been working for more than 20 years mainly on community ecology of zooplankton (rotifers, branquiopods, copepods) and zoobentos (macroinvertebrates, ostracods) in lakes, reservoirs, wetlands, springs and streams. The focus of the research has been both basic, such as the study of the relationship between environment type or dispersal processes and (meta-)community structure and dynamics, or plankton trophic webs, and also with an applied view, including the study of exotic invasive species (e.g. the red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii and its symbionts), the use of biotic indexes for the determination of water quality, or the palaeoecological analysis of organisms remains to identify the effects of climate changes and anthropogenic impacts.