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    Multidimensional prediction of work traffic crashes among Spanish professional drivers in cargo and passenger transportation

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro

    (2020). Article

    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different environmental, mechanical and individual factors associated with fatalities and serious injuries caused by work traffic accidents among cargo and passenger transport drivers (CPTD) in Spain. For this cross-sectional study, national data on work traffic accidents collected in Spain during the last 3 years were analyzed through a regression modeling approach, in order to predict the severity of traffic crashes involving CPTD. Using binary logistic regression analyses, it was found that the type of road and accident, the meteorological, light and vehicle conditions, individual characteristics and risky driving behaviors significantly...

    The aim of this study was to examine the effect of different environmental, mechanical and individual factors associated with fatalities and serious injuries caused by work traffic accidents among cargo and passenger transport drivers (CPTD) in Spain. For this cross-sectional study, national data on work traffic accidents collected in Spain during the last 3 years were analyzed through a regression modeling approach, in order to predict the severity of traffic crashes involving CPTD. Using binary logistic regression analyses, it was found that the type of road and accident, the meteorological, light and vehicle conditions, individual characteristics and risky driving behaviors significantly predict the risk of fatal work traffic accidents and serious injuries. These findings highlight the importance of combining organizational efforts with national road safety policies in order to generate a traffic safety culture among CPTD.

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    DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2020.1732102
    ISSN: 1080-3548
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    Evento Transporte & Logística Summit 2020

    Francisco Alonso

    (2020). Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director del INTRAS, ha participado en el evento Transporte & Logística Summit 2020 celebrado en Santo Domingo (República Dominicana) el 12 de marzo de 2020. El evento, organizado por Revista Mercado, marca la ruta del futuro del sector del transporte aéreo, marítimo, terrestre y logístico, de la mano de los mayores expertos locales e internacionales. El Dr. Alonso ha formado parte del Panel "Una visión compartida", dentro del Bloque Terrestre introducido por Claudia Franchesca de los Santos, Directora del Instituto Nacional de Transporte Terrestre (INTRANT), que destacó que República Dominicana tiene la máxima infraestructura vial de Centroamérica y que el...

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director del INTRAS, ha participado en el evento Transporte & Logística Summit 2020 celebrado en Santo Domingo (República Dominicana) el 12 de marzo de 2020. El evento, organizado por Revista Mercado, marca la ruta del futuro del sector del transporte aéreo, marítimo, terrestre y logístico, de la mano de los mayores expertos locales e internacionales. El Dr. Alonso ha formado parte del Panel "Una visión compartida", dentro del Bloque Terrestre introducido por Claudia Franchesca de los Santos, Directora del Instituto Nacional de Transporte Terrestre (INTRANT), que destacó que República Dominicana tiene la máxima infraestructura vial de Centroamérica y que el enfoque se relaciona con terminar de ordenar el flujo vehicular.

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    XII Congreso (Inter)Nacional de Psicología Jurídica y Forense

    Francisco Alonso

    (2020). Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso presentó la ponencia "Relación entre la Psicología del Tráfico y Seguridad Vial Española y la implementación de los planes derivados de la Ley 63-17 sobre Movilidad, Transporte Terrestre, Tránsito y Seguridad Vial de la República Dominicana”, dentro de la Mesa de Expertos "Actuación profesional en los Centros de Reconocimiento. Fortalezas y debilidades”, en el XII Congreso (Inter)Nacional de Psicología Jurídica y Forense celebrado en Madrid del 13 al 15 de febrero de 2020, y organizado por la Sociedad Española de Psicología Jurídica y Forense (SEPJF)

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    Behavioral Health at School: Do Three Competences in Road Safety Education Impact the Protective Road Behaviors of Spanish Children?

    Francisco Alonso,Adela González, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche

    (2020). Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Num.17:935

    Background: Education in road safety (also known as Road Safety Education—RSE) constitutes, nowadays, an emergent approach for improving present and future road behaviors, aiming at taking action against the current, and concerning, state-of-affairs of traffic crashes, through a behavioral perspective. In the case of children, and despite their overrepresentation in traffic injury figures, RSE-based strategies for behavioral health in transportation remain a “new” approach, whose impact still needs to be empirically tested. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of three key road safety skills of the Positive Attitudes, Risk perception and Knowledge of norms (PARK) model,...

    Background: Education in road safety (also known as Road Safety Education—RSE) constitutes, nowadays, an emergent approach for improving present and future road behaviors, aiming at taking action against the current, and concerning, state-of-affairs of traffic crashes, through a behavioral perspective. In the case of children, and despite their overrepresentation in traffic injury figures, RSE-based strategies for behavioral health in transportation remain a “new” approach, whose impact still needs to be empirically tested. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the impact of three key road safety skills of the Positive Attitudes, Risk perception and Knowledge of norms (PARK) model, addressed in RSE-based interventions, on the safe road behavior of Spanish children. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 1930 (50.4% males and 49.6% females) Spanish children attending primary school, with a mean age of 10.1 (SD = 1.6) years, was gathered from 70 educational centers across all Spanish regions, through a national study on RSE and road safety. Results: Road safety skills show a positive relationship with children’s self-reported safe behaviors on the road. However, the knowledge of traffic norms alone does not predict safe behaviors: it needs to be combined with risk perception and positive attitudes towards road safety. Furthermore, the degree of exposure to previous RSE interventions was shown to have an effect on the score obtained by children in each road safety skill; on the other hand, road misbehaviors observed in parents and peers had a negative impact on them. Conclusion: The outcomes of this study suggest that education in road safety is still a key process for the acquisition of safe habits, patterns and behaviors among young road users

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    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17030935
    ISSN: 1660-4601
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    Job stress and emotional exhaustion at work in Spanish workers: Does unhealthy work affect the decision to drive?

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Adela González, Elisa Alfaro, Sergio Useche

    (2020). Article

    PLoS ONE. Num.15(1): e0227328

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships among the following elements: unhealthy work indicators (job stress and emotional exhaustion at work), the decision to drive (or not), and driving crashes suffered by Spanish workers. Methods For this cross-sectional study, a full sample of 1,200 Spanish drivers (44% women and 56%men) was used, their mean age being 42.8 years. They answered a questionnaire divided into three sections: demographic and driving-related data; burnout, job stress, and life stress; and self-reported road behaviors and driving safety indicators. Results Overall, 41.6% of drivers reported emotional exhaustion at work. Furthermore, 80.2% of...

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the relationships among the following elements: unhealthy work indicators (job stress and emotional exhaustion at work), the decision to drive (or not), and driving crashes suffered by Spanish workers. Methods For this cross-sectional study, a full sample of 1,200 Spanish drivers (44% women and 56%men) was used, their mean age being 42.8 years. They answered a questionnaire divided into three sections: demographic and driving-related data; burnout, job stress, and life stress; and self-reported road behaviors and driving safety indicators. Results Overall, 41.6% of drivers reported emotional exhaustion at work. Furthermore, 80.2% of the participants showing substantial signs of job stress or exhaustion had experienced one or more important stressful life events during the previous year. Job stress was associated with the number of driving crashes suffered along the last 3 years. Also, and especially in sit-uations where drivers admit not feeling well enough to drive, job stress and emotional exhaustion seem to be independent from the decision to drive, and from perceiving these variables as potential impairers of driving performance. Conclusions First of all, this study showed a high prevalence of job stress and emotional exhaustion symptoms experienced at work by Spanish workers. Moreover, significant relationships were found among self rated driving performance, workplace stress and burnout indicators, which suggests that job stress and emotional exhaustion levels may, indeed, impair driving performance, but they do not influence the decision to drive or not. In other words, even when they are significantly affected by job stress or emotional exhaustion at work, most Spanish drivers still drive.

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    DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0227328
    ISSN: 1932-6203
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    La Seguridad Vial Laboral. La influencia de los Accidentes de Tráfico en el entorno Laboral.

    Francisco Javier Llamazares Robles

    (2019). Tesi

    Directores: Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso, Rafael Ruiz

    Calificación: Sobresaliente "cum laude"

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    More Aware, More Protected: Do Road Safety Skills Predict the use of Passive Safety Elements among Teenagers

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Leandro Garrigós.

    (2019). Article

    BMJ Open. Num.9:e035007

    Objective This study had two objectives: first, to test the effects of sociodemographic variables, and the effects of three key road safety skills (knowledge–risk perception–attitudes) on the use of passive safety elements (PSEs) among teenagers; and second, to assess the differential impact of the study variables on PSEs use from a gender-based perspective. Setting and participants This cross-sectional study was framed in the paradigm of primary care, and it involved students from several educational centres in Spain. A sample of 827 Spanish teenagers (52.4% females and 47.6% males) with a mean age of M=14.41–7 (12–19) years was used. Results Through SEM modelling, we found that the use...

    Objective This study had two objectives: first, to test the effects of sociodemographic variables, and the effects of three key road safety skills (knowledge–risk perception–attitudes) on the use of passive safety elements (PSEs) among teenagers; and second, to assess the differential impact of the study variables on PSEs use from a gender-based perspective. Setting and participants This cross-sectional study was framed in the paradigm of primary care, and it involved students from several educational centres in Spain. A sample of 827 Spanish teenagers (52.4% females and 47.6% males) with a mean age of M=14.41–7 (12–19) years was used. Results Through SEM modelling, we found that the use of PSEs is largely explained by psychosocial variables through the mediation of three road safety skills: risk perception (β=0.103***), rule knowledge (β=0.095*) and attitudes towards road safety (β=0.186***). Furthermore, multigroup analyses showed that, although most variables explain the use of PSEs among teenagers in a similar way, key gender-based differences exist in this regard. Conclusions Road safety skills have a significant effect on the use of PSEs among Spanish teenagers, and gender explains some differences in the mechanisms which predict them. Also, in the study we discuss the need for strengthening school-based interventions aimed at helping this vulnerable group of road users acquire and develop positive behavioural competences.

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    DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-035007
    ISSN: 2044-6055
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    Validation of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI) in Professional Drivers: How does it work in transportation workers?

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso, Juan C. Pastor, Luis Montoro

    (2019). Article

    Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour. Num.67:155-163

    The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory or MDSI constitutes, perhaps, the most relevant tool for measuring driving styles. Since its releasing in 2004, it has been applied worldwide to different samples of drivers, showing an important value and utility for road safety. However, empirical studies using the MDSI on professional drivers are scarce and, to the date, there is no validated version of the instrument in this workforce yet. Objectives: This study had two aims. First, to describe in detail the validation of the Taubman-Ben-Ari’s MDSI among professional drivers and, second, to test its convergent validity with other key relevant factors present in the work environment of this...

    The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory or MDSI constitutes, perhaps, the most relevant tool for measuring driving styles. Since its releasing in 2004, it has been applied worldwide to different samples of drivers, showing an important value and utility for road safety. However, empirical studies using the MDSI on professional drivers are scarce and, to the date, there is no validated version of the instrument in this workforce yet. Objectives: This study had two aims. First, to describe in detail the validation of the Taubman-Ben-Ari’s MDSI among professional drivers and, second, to test its convergent validity with other key relevant factors present in the work environment of this particular population: driving anger, job strain and occupational driving crashes. Method: The data used for this validation was gathered from a representative sample of 752 Colombian professional drivers and analyzed by means of competitive Confirmatory Factor Analyses (CFAs), assessing psychometric properties and obtaining an optimized structure for the instrument applied to active transportation workers. Results: The outcomes of this study suggest a clear factorial structure, adequate model fit, factorial weights, reliability and internal consistency, keeping the re-evaluated four-factor structure of the questionnaire: Reckless & Careless (F1); Anxious (F2); Angry & Hostile (F3); and Patient & Careful (F4). Conclusion: This applied research supports the hypothesis that the validated version of MDSI in professional drivers, together with further measures applied to other work environment factors, may play a relevant role in the improvement of driving safety and injury prevention for this vulnerable workforce from the perspective of occupational research in transportation.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2019.10.012
    ISSN: 1369-8478
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    Importance of social and health-related problems: Do Spaniards give them the significance they actually deserve?

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Andrea Serge, Macarena Tortosa

    (2019). Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Num.16(21), 4090

    Social and health problems imply an impact on society. The main objective of this study is to provide an overview of how Spanish people perceive cancer, terrorism, cardiovascular diseases, crime, AIDS, drugs, and traffic accidents, finding out whether they assess the importance of these issues in correspondence with their actual severity. The study used a full sample of 1206 Spaniards (51.6% females and 48.4% males) who responded to a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey on the significance of these social and health-related problems, assessed through a zero to ten Likert scale. The perceived severity of the problems was considered taking into account the official data of...

    Social and health problems imply an impact on society. The main objective of this study is to provide an overview of how Spanish people perceive cancer, terrorism, cardiovascular diseases, crime, AIDS, drugs, and traffic accidents, finding out whether they assess the importance of these issues in correspondence with their actual severity. The study used a full sample of 1206 Spaniards (51.6% females and 48.4% males) who responded to a computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) survey on the significance of these social and health-related problems, assessed through a zero to ten Likert scale. The perceived severity of the problems was considered taking into account the official data of deaths reported by governmental institutions. For the comparison of mean values, the One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) test was used. Results show high average values for all the problems. The most concerning elements are cancer (M = 9.28 ± 1.24) and terrorism (M = 9.22 ± 1.47). Cardiovascular diseases have the lowest scores (M = 8.29 ± 1.64). There is a good adjustment between real and subjective perception, but some issues are either underestimated or overestimated. Women assessed all of them as more important than men, and people over 65 gave all the issues more value than younger people. It is important that Spaniards understand the objective severity of these issues, thus allowing for more interventions by governments, education, and mass media.

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    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph16214090
    ISSN: 1661-7827
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    Plan Estratégico Nacional de Seguridad Vial de Motores para la República Dominicana 2019-2022

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Armando Ortuño, Juan J. Alba, Jose L. Velarte, Andrea Serge, Sergio Useche

    (2019). Llibre

    Las motocicletas y los ciclomotores son un medio de transporte cada vez más utilizado en todo el mundo. Al mismo tiempo, las motocicletas son un medio de trasporte menos seguro, ya que se enfrenta a circunstancias que pueden resultar adversas, tales como el estado de la carretera y el clima. Este hecho, unido a la menor protección que ofrece a sus usuarios, y al probable error humano en la conducción por múltiples causas como las distracciones, convierte a los motociclistas y a sus pasajeros en personas mucho más vulnerables ante un accidente. Estos elementos, unidos a la idiosincrásica del sector de ciclomotores y motocicletas de la República Dominicana, hacen necesario un Plan de...

    Las motocicletas y los ciclomotores son un medio de transporte cada vez más utilizado en todo el mundo. Al mismo tiempo, las motocicletas son un medio de trasporte menos seguro, ya que se enfrenta a circunstancias que pueden resultar adversas, tales como el estado de la carretera y el clima. Este hecho, unido a la menor protección que ofrece a sus usuarios, y al probable error humano en la conducción por múltiples causas como las distracciones, convierte a los motociclistas y a sus pasajeros en personas mucho más vulnerables ante un accidente. Estos elementos, unidos a la idiosincrásica del sector de ciclomotores y motocicletas de la República Dominicana, hacen necesario un Plan de medidas centradas exclusivamente en este colectivo.

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    ISBN: 978-9945-9186-0-1