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    Plan Estratégico Nacional de Seguridad Vial de Motores para la República Dominicana 2019-2022

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Armando Ortuño, Juan J. Alba, Jose L. Velarte, Andrea Serge, Sergio Useche

    (2019). Llibre

    Las motocicletas y los ciclomotores son un medio de transporte cada vez más utilizado en todo el mundo. Al mismo tiempo, las motocicletas son un medio de trasporte menos seguro, ya que se enfrenta a circunstancias que pueden resultar adversas, tales como el estado de la carretera y el clima. Este hecho, unido a la menor protección que ofrece a sus usuarios, y al probable error humano en la conducción por múltiples causas como las distracciones, convierte a los motociclistas y a sus pasajeros en personas mucho más vulnerables ante un accidente. Estos elementos, unidos a la idiosincrásica del sector de ciclomotores y motocicletas de la República Dominicana, hacen necesario un Plan de...

    Las motocicletas y los ciclomotores son un medio de transporte cada vez más utilizado en todo el mundo. Al mismo tiempo, las motocicletas son un medio de trasporte menos seguro, ya que se enfrenta a circunstancias que pueden resultar adversas, tales como el estado de la carretera y el clima. Este hecho, unido a la menor protección que ofrece a sus usuarios, y al probable error humano en la conducción por múltiples causas como las distracciones, convierte a los motociclistas y a sus pasajeros en personas mucho más vulnerables ante un accidente. Estos elementos, unidos a la idiosincrásica del sector de ciclomotores y motocicletas de la República Dominicana, hacen necesario un Plan de medidas centradas exclusivamente en este colectivo.

    Leer másOcultar ISBN: 978-9945-9186-0-1
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    Perceived safety and attributed value as predictors of the intention to use autonomous vehicles: A national study with Spanish drivers

    Luis Montoro, Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Ignacio Lijarcio, Patricia Bosó-Seguí, Ana Martí-Belda

    (2019). Article

    Safety Science. Num.120:865-876

    Sooner than later, the growing development of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will represent not only an imminent transformation of transportation dynamics, but also further advantages for their users, including many improvements in road crash prevention, efficiency and sustainability. However, different concerns and constraints may affect the intention of adopting this technology among its potential customers, especially for what concerns those constraints related to safety, viability and stability. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of perceived safety and value attributed to the AV in the drivers’ intention to use it, considering the drivers’ demographic factors, driving...

    Sooner than later, the growing development of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will represent not only an imminent transformation of transportation dynamics, but also further advantages for their users, including many improvements in road crash prevention, efficiency and sustainability. However, different concerns and constraints may affect the intention of adopting this technology among its potential customers, especially for what concerns those constraints related to safety, viability and stability. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of perceived safety and value attributed to the AV in the drivers’ intention to use it, considering the drivers’ demographic factors, driving habits, interaction with information technologies and self-reported safety records (using conventional vehicles) as potential predictors. For this cross-sectional study, data from 1205 drivers of conventional vehicles were analyzed through a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. The intention to use autonomous vehicles could be predicted through demographic and driving-related factors, as well as by the level of interaction of individuals with information and communication technologies (ITCs). It was also found that the perceived safety of AVs and their attributed value for transport and road safety mediate the associations between drivers’ features and the final intention of using (or not) autonomous vehicles. The results of this study suggest that perceived safety and the value attributed to AVs significantly influence the intention of adopting it. In other words, a deeper emphasis on the safety, causality prevention and efficiency-related benefits may strengthen the acceptance of this new technology and enhance its progressive inclusion in transport dynamics among drivers.

    Leer másOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.041
    ISSN: 0925-7535
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    Well-being, behavioral patterns and cycling crashes of different age groups in Latin America: Are aging adults the safest cyclists?

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Jaime Sanmartín, Luis Montoro, Boris Cendales

    (2019). Article

    PLoS ONE. Num.14(8): e0221864

    Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the cycling safety-related factors and the mental health indicators of elderly cyclists in comparison with other age groups. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 911 bicyclists from two Latin American countries that have been experiencing a substantial growth of urban cycling during the last few years: Colombia and Argentina. Participants responded to an e-questionnaire on bicycling behaviors, mental health and cycling safety. Results Aging adults reported lower rates of risky behaviors and traffic crashes (around .38 in five years), and, on the other hand, more cycling protective behaviors, a higher risk perception...

    Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the cycling safety-related factors and the mental health indicators of elderly cyclists in comparison with other age groups. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 911 bicyclists from two Latin American countries that have been experiencing a substantial growth of urban cycling during the last few years: Colombia and Argentina. Participants responded to an e-questionnaire on bicycling behaviors, mental health and cycling safety. Results Aging adults reported lower rates of risky behaviors and traffic crashes (around .38 in five years), and, on the other hand, more cycling protective behaviors, a higher risk perception and a better knowledge of traffic norms than both other adults (26–50 years old) and young cyclists (<26). Cycling behaviors and crashes were found to be significantly related to mental health indicators, the latter being higher in aging cyclists. However, this population remains more prone to distractions experienced while cycling than other age groups. Conclusions Although the behavioral features of aging adults were comparatively “safer” than the ones displayed by other age groups, factors such as cycling distractions and this population’s over-representation in traffic crashes suggest the need of enforcing policymaking for a better integration of this age segment in alternative transportation dynamics.

    Leer másOcultar DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221864
    ISSN: 1932-6203
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    Trait driving anger and driving styles among Colombian professional drivers

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Juan C. Pastor

    (2019). Article

    Heliyon. Num.5(8): e02259

    This study analyzes the association between trait driving anger and driving styles in a sample of Colombian professional drivers. Additionally, the internal and external validity of the Deffenbacher's Driving Anger Scale (DAS-14) was examined in the study population. The DAS-14 and the Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (S-MDSI) were administered to 492 urban bus and taxi operators. Average trait driving anger scores in the study population were similar to those reported in previous validation studies from Spain, Argentina, China, and Malaysia. After deleting three cross-loaded items, confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three-dimensional latent structure for...

    This study analyzes the association between trait driving anger and driving styles in a sample of Colombian professional drivers. Additionally, the internal and external validity of the Deffenbacher's Driving Anger Scale (DAS-14) was examined in the study population. The DAS-14 and the Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (S-MDSI) were administered to 492 urban bus and taxi operators. Average trait driving anger scores in the study population were similar to those reported in previous validation studies from Spain, Argentina, China, and Malaysia. After deleting three cross-loaded items, confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three-dimensional latent structure for the DAS-14, similar but not equal to the previous Spanish speaking validations. This factorial structure fits the data reasonably well. Finally, linear regression analyses revealed that the three factors of the DAS-14 (impeded progress by others, illegal driving, and direct hostility) significantly predict adaptive and maladaptive driving styles. Overall, the results of this study suggest that the DAS-14 is a reasonably reliable measure of driving anger traits among professional drivers, and it also provides relevant insights for the prevention of risky driving styles in this occupational group.

    Leer másOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02259
    ISSN: 2405-8440
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    Psychosocial Work Factors, Job Stress and Strain at the Wheel: Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in Professional Drivers

    Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso, Juan C. Pastor

    (2019). Article

    Frontiers in Psychology. Num.10:1531

    Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional...

    Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional drivers, and the analyses were conducted using the competitive Confirmatory Factor Analysis or CFA, obtaining basic psychometric properties and an optimized structure for the instrument applied to active transport workers. Results: The results suggest a clear factorial structure, high factorial weights, internal consistency, and an improved adjustment to the psychosocial conditions of this group, excluding a set of items with low psychometrical adjustment and keeping the five-factor structure of the questionnaire: demands, influence and development, interpersonal relationships and leadership, job insecurity, and strain-effects and outcomes. Conclusion: Overall, what was found in this study supports the hypothesis that the validated version of COPSOQ in professional drivers, together with complementary information sources specific for their work environment, may have a relevant research value and some important practical implications for the improvement of the occupational safety, and health within the typically vulnerable industry of transportation.

    Leer másOcultar DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01531
    ISSN: 1664-1078
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    Commuting Accidents of Spanish Professional Drivers: When Occupational Risk Exceeds the Workplace

    Javier Llamazares, Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Article

    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.

    Background. Work traffic accidents are an issue both in Spain and all over the world, and specific evidence on commuting accidents is scarce. Even though both industrial safety and welfare have been improved during the last decades, the commuting accidents rate is growing worldwide. Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine and describe the characteristics of commuting traffic crashes of Spanish professional drivers. Materials and methods. For this cross-sectional study, commuting accidents suffered by drivers during the last 12 years were analyzed. Crossed and heatmap-based analyses were performed in order to establish patterns and driver-based differences among commuting crashes....

    Background. Work traffic accidents are an issue both in Spain and all over the world, and specific evidence on commuting accidents is scarce. Even though both industrial safety and welfare have been improved during the last decades, the commuting accidents rate is growing worldwide. Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine and describe the characteristics of commuting traffic crashes of Spanish professional drivers. Materials and methods. For this cross-sectional study, commuting accidents suffered by drivers during the last 12 years were analyzed. Crossed and heatmap-based analyses were performed in order to establish patterns and driver-based differences among commuting crashes. Results. Commuting crashes’ features were found to be associated with demographic and job-related variables of professional drivers. Drivers’ gender, time slots (peak/off-peak hours) and the specific hour of the event explained different trends in accident severity and characteristics. Conclusions. The results of this study suggest that commuting accidents involving professional drivers differ in demographic and situational issues from general and on-duty professional drivers’ traffic crashes. Also, since in Spain commuting crashes are occupational accidents, more numerous and better actions should be taken in this regard, especially considering the association of professional drivers’ accidents with fatigue and shift-working.

    Leer másOcultar DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2019.1619993
    ISSN: 1080-3548
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    Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

    Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Llibre

    The SAGE Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology.

    Conducir bajo la influencia (DUI), también conocido como conducir en estado de ebriedad (DWI), conducir ebrio o conducir con discapacidad, se refiere a una conducta, que surge en el área del tráfico, cuando el conductor de un vehículo de motor ha consumido una cierta cantidad de alcohol o drogas, incluidas las medicinas. Este consumo interfiere y deteriora los procesos involucrados en la conducción como la atención, el sentido, la percepción, la toma de decisiones y la ejecución. Por lo tanto, aumenta la probabilidad de experimentar un accidente de tráfico. El consumo puede ser detectado / medido para determinar su presencia / nivel mediante diferentes métodos y dispositivos, en primera...

    Conducir bajo la influencia (DUI), también conocido como conducir en estado de ebriedad (DWI), conducir ebrio o conducir con discapacidad, se refiere a una conducta, que surge en el área del tráfico, cuando el conductor de un vehículo de motor ha consumido una cierta cantidad de alcohol o drogas, incluidas las medicinas. Este consumo interfiere y deteriora los procesos involucrados en la conducción como la atención, el sentido, la percepción, la toma de decisiones y la ejecución. Por lo tanto, aumenta la probabilidad de experimentar un accidente de tráfico. El consumo puede ser detectado / medido para determinar su presencia / nivel mediante diferentes métodos y dispositivos, en primera instancia por los agentes del orden en los puntos de control. Se considera un delito grave contra la seguridad vial en virtud de las leyes de ciertos países. Dependiendo de algunos factores, leyes de diferentes países, este comportamiento será castigado con fuertes sanciones específicas (civiles o penales). Dada la prevalencia, la incidencia y las trágicas consecuencias del DUI, este tipo de delito es más relevante que otros delitos. Esta entrada revisa las lesiones causadas por el tránsito como un problema de salud pública, el DUI como un factor de riesgo importante para las lesiones causadas por el tránsito, los efectos del DUI, las estrategias para reducir / prevenir el DUI y los métodos utilizados por la policía para detectar el DUI.

    Leer másOcultar DOI: 10.4135/9781483392240.n130
    ISBN: 9781483392264
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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categorías 03 y 04

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, José Luis Velarte

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categorías 03 y 04.

    Manual de conocimientos específicos para la obtención de la licencia categorías 03 y 04 de conducción profesional de vehículos pesados, tanto de pasajeros como de mercancías, en República Dominicana.

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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 02

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Silvia Daroqui, Silvia Apuzzo

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 02.

    Manual de conocimientos específicos para la obtención de la licencia categoría 02 de conducción de vehículos livianos de cuatro ruedas, segunda tipología de vehículos más extendida en República Dominicana.

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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 01

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Jorge Suárez

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 01.

    Manual de conocimientos específicos para la obtención de la licencia categoría 01 de conducción de vehículos de dos y tres ruedas, que son uno de los principales medios de transporte de personas y de pequeñas mercancías en República Dominicana.

 
 
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