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    Plan Estratégico Nacional de Seguridad Vial de Motores para la República Dominicana 2019-2022

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Armando Ortuño, Juan J. Alba, Jose L. Velarte, Andrea Serge, Sergio Useche

    (2019). Llibre

    Motorcycles and mopeds are a means of transport increasingly used throughout the world. At the same time, motorcycles are a less safe means of transportation, since they are faced with circumstances that may be adverse, such as the state of the road and the weather. This fact, together with the lower protection offered to its users, and the probable human error in driving due to multiple causes such as distractions, makes motorcyclists and their passengers much more vulnerable to an accident. These elements, together with the idiosyncratic of the moped and motorcycle sector of the Dominican Republic, make necessary a Plan of measures focused exclusively on this group.

    ISBN: 978-9945-9186-0-1
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    Perceived safety and attributed value as predictors of the intention to use autonomous vehicles: A national study with Spanish drivers

    Luis Montoro, Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Ignacio Lijarcio, Patricia Bosó-Seguí, Ana Martí-Belda

    (2019). Article

    Safety Science. No.120:865-876

    Sooner than later, the growing development of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will represent not only an imminent transformation of transportation dynamics, but also further advantages for their users, including many improvements in road crash prevention, efficiency and sustainability. However, different concerns and constraints may affect the intention of adopting this technology among its potential customers, especially for what concerns those constraints related to safety, viability and stability. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of perceived safety and value attributed to the AV in the drivers’ intention to use it, considering the drivers’ demographic factors, driving...

    Sooner than later, the growing development of Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will represent not only an imminent transformation of transportation dynamics, but also further advantages for their users, including many improvements in road crash prevention, efficiency and sustainability. However, different concerns and constraints may affect the intention of adopting this technology among its potential customers, especially for what concerns those constraints related to safety, viability and stability. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of perceived safety and value attributed to the AV in the drivers’ intention to use it, considering the drivers’ demographic factors, driving habits, interaction with information technologies and self-reported safety records (using conventional vehicles) as potential predictors. For this cross-sectional study, data from 1205 drivers of conventional vehicles were analyzed through a structural equation modeling (SEM) approach. The intention to use autonomous vehicles could be predicted through demographic and driving-related factors, as well as by the level of interaction of individuals with information and communication technologies (ITCs). It was also found that the perceived safety of AVs and their attributed value for transport and road safety mediate the associations between drivers’ features and the final intention of using (or not) autonomous vehicles. The results of this study suggest that perceived safety and the value attributed to AVs significantly influence the intention of adopting it. In other words, a deeper emphasis on the safety, causality prevention and efficiency-related benefits may strengthen the acceptance of this new technology and enhance its progressive inclusion in transport dynamics among drivers.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2019.07.041
    ISSN: 0925-7535
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    Well-being, behavioral patterns and cycling crashes of different age groups in Latin America: Are aging adults the safest cyclists?

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Jaime Sanmartín, Luis Montoro, Boris Cendales

    (2019). Article

    PLoS ONE. No.14(8): e0221864

    Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the cycling safety-related factors and the mental health indicators of elderly cyclists in comparison with other age groups. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 911 bicyclists from two Latin American countries that have been experiencing a substantial growth of urban cycling during the last few years: Colombia and Argentina. Participants responded to an e-questionnaire on bicycling behaviors, mental health and cycling safety. Results Aging adults reported lower rates of risky behaviors and traffic crashes (around .38 in five years), and, on the other hand, more cycling protective behaviors, a higher risk perception...

    Objectives This study aimed at analyzing the cycling safety-related factors and the mental health indicators of elderly cyclists in comparison with other age groups. Methods For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data of 911 bicyclists from two Latin American countries that have been experiencing a substantial growth of urban cycling during the last few years: Colombia and Argentina. Participants responded to an e-questionnaire on bicycling behaviors, mental health and cycling safety. Results Aging adults reported lower rates of risky behaviors and traffic crashes (around .38 in five years), and, on the other hand, more cycling protective behaviors, a higher risk perception and a better knowledge of traffic norms than both other adults (26–50 years old) and young cyclists (<26). Cycling behaviors and crashes were found to be significantly related to mental health indicators, the latter being higher in aging cyclists. However, this population remains more prone to distractions experienced while cycling than other age groups. Conclusions Although the behavioral features of aging adults were comparatively “safer” than the ones displayed by other age groups, factors such as cycling distractions and this population’s over-representation in traffic crashes suggest the need of enforcing policymaking for a better integration of this age segment in alternative transportation dynamics.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0221864
    ISSN: 1932-6203
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    Trait driving anger and driving styles among Colombian professional drivers

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Juan C. Pastor

    (2019). Article

    Heliyon. No.5(8): e02259

    This study analyzes the association between trait driving anger and driving styles in a sample of Colombian professional drivers. Additionally, the internal and external validity of the Deffenbacher's Driving Anger Scale (DAS-14) was examined in the study population. The DAS-14 and the Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (S-MDSI) were administered to 492 urban bus and taxi operators. Average trait driving anger scores in the study population were similar to those reported in previous validation studies from Spain, Argentina, China, and Malaysia. After deleting three cross-loaded items, confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three-dimensional latent structure for...

    This study analyzes the association between trait driving anger and driving styles in a sample of Colombian professional drivers. Additionally, the internal and external validity of the Deffenbacher's Driving Anger Scale (DAS-14) was examined in the study population. The DAS-14 and the Spanish Version of the Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (S-MDSI) were administered to 492 urban bus and taxi operators. Average trait driving anger scores in the study population were similar to those reported in previous validation studies from Spain, Argentina, China, and Malaysia. After deleting three cross-loaded items, confirmatory factor analyses revealed a three-dimensional latent structure for the DAS-14, similar but not equal to the previous Spanish speaking validations. This factorial structure fits the data reasonably well. Finally, linear regression analyses revealed that the three factors of the DAS-14 (impeded progress by others, illegal driving, and direct hostility) significantly predict adaptive and maladaptive driving styles. Overall, the results of this study suggest that the DAS-14 is a reasonably reliable measure of driving anger traits among professional drivers, and it also provides relevant insights for the prevention of risky driving styles in this occupational group.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02259
    ISSN: 2405-8440
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    Psychosocial Work Factors, Job Stress and Strain at the Wheel: Validation of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ) in Professional Drivers

    Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso, Juan C. Pastor

    (2019). Article

    Frontiers in Psychology. No.10:1531

    Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional...

    Introduction: Psychosocial work environment has been related to many negative health outcomes in different workforces. However, evidence in this regard is still limited in the case of transport workers, and most of the tools used in research, often excessively generic, do not fully consider the specific key stressors, and adverse issues present in the psychosocial environment of professional driving. Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to obtain a complete description of the validation of measurement applied to psychosocial factors at work in professional drivers, using the Enterprise version (2018) of COPSOQ-III. Methods: The data was collected from 726 Spanish professional drivers, and the analyses were conducted using the competitive Confirmatory Factor Analysis or CFA, obtaining basic psychometric properties and an optimized structure for the instrument applied to active transport workers. Results: The results suggest a clear factorial structure, high factorial weights, internal consistency, and an improved adjustment to the psychosocial conditions of this group, excluding a set of items with low psychometrical adjustment and keeping the five-factor structure of the questionnaire: demands, influence and development, interpersonal relationships and leadership, job insecurity, and strain-effects and outcomes. Conclusion: Overall, what was found in this study supports the hypothesis that the validated version of COPSOQ in professional drivers, together with complementary information sources specific for their work environment, may have a relevant research value and some important practical implications for the improvement of the occupational safety, and health within the typically vulnerable industry of transportation.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01531
    ISSN: 1664-1078
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    Commuting Accidents of Spanish Professional Drivers: When Occupational Risk Exceeds the Workplace

    Javier Llamazares, Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Article

    International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics.

    Background. Work traffic accidents are an issue both in Spain and all over the world, and specific evidence on commuting accidents is scarce. Even though both industrial safety and welfare have been improved during the last decades, the commuting accidents rate is growing worldwide. Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine and describe the characteristics of commuting traffic crashes of Spanish professional drivers. Materials and methods. For this cross-sectional study, commuting accidents suffered by drivers during the last 12 years were analyzed. Crossed and heatmap-based analyses were performed in order to establish patterns and driver-based differences among commuting crashes....

    Background. Work traffic accidents are an issue both in Spain and all over the world, and specific evidence on commuting accidents is scarce. Even though both industrial safety and welfare have been improved during the last decades, the commuting accidents rate is growing worldwide. Purpose. The aim of this study was to examine and describe the characteristics of commuting traffic crashes of Spanish professional drivers. Materials and methods. For this cross-sectional study, commuting accidents suffered by drivers during the last 12 years were analyzed. Crossed and heatmap-based analyses were performed in order to establish patterns and driver-based differences among commuting crashes. Results. Commuting crashes’ features were found to be associated with demographic and job-related variables of professional drivers. Drivers’ gender, time slots (peak/off-peak hours) and the specific hour of the event explained different trends in accident severity and characteristics. Conclusions. The results of this study suggest that commuting accidents involving professional drivers differ in demographic and situational issues from general and on-duty professional drivers’ traffic crashes. Also, since in Spain commuting crashes are occupational accidents, more numerous and better actions should be taken in this regard, especially considering the association of professional drivers’ accidents with fatigue and shift-working.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2019.1619993
    ISSN: 1080-3548
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    Driving Under the Influence (DUI)

    Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Llibre

    The SAGE Encyclopedia of Criminal Psychology.

    Driving Under the Influence (DUI), also known as driving while intoxicated (DWI), drunk driving, or impaired driving, refers to a conduct, which arise in the area of traffic, when the driver of a motor vehicle has consumed a certain amount of alcohol or drugs, including medicines. This consumption interfers and deteriorates the processes involved in driving as attention, sense, perception, decision-making and execution. So, it increases likelihood of experiencing a traffic accident. The consumption can be detected/measured to determine its presence/level by different methods and devices, in the first instance by law enforcement officers in checkpoints. It is considered a serious criminal...

    Driving Under the Influence (DUI), also known as driving while intoxicated (DWI), drunk driving, or impaired driving, refers to a conduct, which arise in the area of traffic, when the driver of a motor vehicle has consumed a certain amount of alcohol or drugs, including medicines. This consumption interfers and deteriorates the processes involved in driving as attention, sense, perception, decision-making and execution. So, it increases likelihood of experiencing a traffic accident. The consumption can be detected/measured to determine its presence/level by different methods and devices, in the first instance by law enforcement officers in checkpoints. It is considered a serious criminal offence against road safety under laws in certain countries. Depending on some factors, law from different countries, this behavior shall be punished by specific heavy penalties (civil or penal). Given the prevalence, incidence and tragic consequences of DUI, this kind of crime is more relevant than other offences. This entry reviews road traffic injuries as a public health concern, DUI as a major risk factor for road traffic injuries, Effects of DUI, Strategies to reduce/prevent DUI and Methods used by enforcement to detect DUI.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.4135/9781483392240.n130
    ISBN: 9781483392264
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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categorías 03 y 04

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, José Luis Velarte

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categorías 03 y 04.

    Specific knowledge manual for obtaining license categories 03 and 04 for professional driving of heavy vehicles, both passengers and goods, in the Dominican Republic.

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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 02

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Silvia Daroqui, Silvia Apuzzo

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 02.

    Specific knowledge manual for the obtaining of the category 02 driving license for lightweight four-wheel vehicles, the second most extended type of vehicle in the Dominican Republic.

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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 01

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Jorge Suárez

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Categoría 01.

    Specific knowledge manual for the obtaining of license category 01 driving two and three-wheeled vehicles, which are one of the main means of transporting people and small goods in the Dominican Republic.

 
 
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