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    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Permiso de aprendizaje

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Pau Llopis

    (2019). Llibre

    Manual de conducción y seguridad vial: Permiso de aprendizaje.

    General manual that is addressed to all citizens of the Dominican Republic who want to obtain any type of license, starting with the Learning Permit, which contains all the essential common knowledge to carry out this activity, regardless of the vehicle they aspire to drive.

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    La construcción de un modelo educativo: distorsiones, cambios y continuidades.

    Ángel Sanmartín, Eliseo Valle

    (2019). Llibre

    La construcción de un modelo educativo: distorsiones, cambios y continuidades.

    In this social and cultural community there are subtle processes of production and reproduction of knowledge that weave relationships between the main actors in the environment. The diverse contributions made by the authors maintain as a common thread the transfer of the last four decades, taking as a symbolic point of reference the promulgation of the Spanish Constitution. These forty years have shaped a path in which profound sociocultural changes have been taking shape that have affected the school institution. The set of voices participating in the work is organized around three blocks that address relevant issues of life in schools during the reference period. The first one deals...

    In this social and cultural community there are subtle processes of production and reproduction of knowledge that weave relationships between the main actors in the environment. The diverse contributions made by the authors maintain as a common thread the transfer of the last four decades, taking as a symbolic point of reference the promulgation of the Spanish Constitution. These forty years have shaped a path in which profound sociocultural changes have been taking shape that have affected the school institution. The set of voices participating in the work is organized around three blocks that address relevant issues of life in schools during the reference period. The first one deals with some of the fundamental questions on which the pedagogical discourse has revolved (the reforms of the curriculum, the resistance of schools, the role of women, participation or the school model). The second set of texts reflects on the physical and institutional contexts in which the teaching and learning practices take place, approaching from different perspectives the most significant determinants of daily work in the classrooms. The third and last block hosts five stories that involve different forms to refer their own experience in one of the many areas of schools.

    Read moreHide ISBN: 9788483594766
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    1st Child Road Safety Seminar, Dominican Republic

    Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director of INTRAS and advisor of the INTRANT-RD, gave the presentation "The Development of the National Strategic Road Safety Plan and the Normativity with regard to Child Road Safety" in the 1st Child Road Safety Seminar held in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) on April 3, 2019, in which he has highlighted the fundamental aspects of the National Strategic Plan for Road Safety, and the regulations in the country's child population. On this seminar, the experts have dealt with the global challenge of Child Road Safety, Child Road Safety in the Dominican Republic, Child Safety Research, Standards and Characteristics of Child Retention Systems, Awareness Campaigns,...

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director of INTRAS and advisor of the INTRANT-RD, gave the presentation "The Development of the National Strategic Road Safety Plan and the Normativity with regard to Child Road Safety" in the 1st Child Road Safety Seminar held in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) on April 3, 2019, in which he has highlighted the fundamental aspects of the National Strategic Plan for Road Safety, and the regulations in the country's child population. On this seminar, the experts have dealt with the global challenge of Child Road Safety, Child Road Safety in the Dominican Republic, Child Safety Research, Standards and Characteristics of Child Retention Systems, Awareness Campaigns, Training and Outreach as axes of prevention of infant injuries, among other issues.

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    Santiago Conversatory: Thinking to Propose

    Francisco Alonso

    (2019). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director of INTRAS, gave the keynote lecture "Traffic and Road Safety, Perspectives, Current Situation and Challenges" in the "Think to propose" forum held in Santiago (Dominican Republic) on March 28, 2019. Since November 2011, the Senatorial Office of Santiago conducts the Santiago Conversatory: Thinking to Propose, which has been consolidated in the province and the region as a space to promote debate and the exchange of ideas.

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    Healthy but risky: A descriptive study on cyclists’ encouraging and discouraging factors for using bicycles, habits and safety outcomes.

    Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Jaime Sanmartin, Francisco Alonso.

    (2019). Article

    Transportation Research Part F. No.62:587-598

    Transportation is a necessary process that requires not only adequate means, but also indi- vidual choices. And apparently, the recent boom of alternative modes of transportation has substantially changed people’s perceptions of cycling, as well as the reasons why they decide to use a bike. Nevertheless, people identify some motives that encourage this use together with the perceived risks and the discouraging factors which affect the choice of using a bike, thus making it important to explore all these elements in the light of the empirical evidence. The objective of this study was to explore and describe the encouraging and discouraging reasons behind the use of bikes among cyclists,...

    Transportation is a necessary process that requires not only adequate means, but also indi- vidual choices. And apparently, the recent boom of alternative modes of transportation has substantially changed people’s perceptions of cycling, as well as the reasons why they decide to use a bike. Nevertheless, people identify some motives that encourage this use together with the perceived risks and the discouraging factors which affect the choice of using a bike, thus making it important to explore all these elements in the light of the empirical evidence. The objective of this study was to explore and describe the encouraging and discouraging reasons behind the use of bikes among cyclists, together with the reasons behind their journeys and the relationship of these elements with their crash history. For this study, 1064 cyclists were asked to complete an electronic survey which gathered information on their cycling-related habits, perceptions and motives. The results show that physical health and fitness (38%), contribution to environmental sustainability (14%), econ- omy (13%) and time saving (10%) were the most frequent factors which encouraged cycling. On the other hand, perceived crash risk (17%), adverse weather conditions (17%) and lack of safety (16%) were found to be the most relevant discouraging factors. Finally, participants who cycled with more regularity were found to be less prone to suffer cycling crashes. The findings of this study support that cycling is a choice based on both benefits and risks, and its perceived connection to health is highly prevalent among active cyclists. Furthermore, perceived risks which may discourage cycling are an issue that needs to be addressed by transport policies, in order to enhance the engagement of the population in this mode of transportation. Also, this study highlights the need to strengthen utility cycling (cycling for transport to and from places) as a way to integrate transportation within healthier practices and habits.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2019.02.014
    ISSN: 1369-8478
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    Explaining self-reported traffic crashes of cyclists: An empirical study based on age and road risky behaviors

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    (2019). Article

    Safety Science. No.113:105-114

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of...

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of norms, and suffered cycling crashes. Results: Using Structural Equation Models, it was found that crash rates in cyclists could be explained through risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of traffic norms and cycling intensity. Through a multi-group path model differentiating cyclists by age group, it was also found that cycling intensity has a differential impact on self-reported crashes in older (age > 25) and younger (age<=25) cyclists. Conclusions: This study suggests that risky behaviors mediate the relationship between the individual factors and the crash rates of cyclists, and that age exerts an important effect in the variation of the explanatory structure of the model. The design of educational tools would be useful for promoting not only the avoidance of risky behaviors, but also a generalized awareness on road safety issues. Practical applications: This research provides an empirical precedent in the study of the impact of factors related to risky behaviors on the road and to safety outcomes of cyclists.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.021
    ISSN: 0925-7535
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    When age means safety: Data to assess trends and differences on rule knowledge, risk perception, aberrant and positive road behaviors, and traffic crashes of cyclists.

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, José M. Tomas

    (2019). Article

    Data in Brief. No.22:627-634

    This data article examines the association between age, knowledge of traffic rules, risk perception, risky and positive behaviors on the road and traffic safety outcomes of cyclists. The data was collected using a structured self-administrable and online-based ques- tionnaire, applied to a full sample of 1064 cyclists. The data con- tains 4 parts: descriptive statistics; graphical trends for each study variable according to age; Post-Hoc (Tukey-HSD) comparisons between cyclists classified in the different age groups; and, finally, the dataset for further explorations in this regard. For further information, it is convenient to read the full article entitled “Explaining Self-Reported Traffic...

    This data article examines the association between age, knowledge of traffic rules, risk perception, risky and positive behaviors on the road and traffic safety outcomes of cyclists. The data was collected using a structured self-administrable and online-based ques- tionnaire, applied to a full sample of 1064 cyclists. The data con- tains 4 parts: descriptive statistics; graphical trends for each study variable according to age; Post-Hoc (Tukey-HSD) comparisons between cyclists classified in the different age groups; and, finally, the dataset for further explorations in this regard. For further information, it is convenient to read the full article entitled “Explaining Self-Reported Traffic Crashes of Cyclists: An Empirical Study based on Age and Road Risky Behaviors” (Useche et al., 2019) [1].

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2018.12.066
    ISSN: 2352-3409
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    Conceptualization of aggressive driving behaviors through a Perception of aggressive driving scale (PAD)

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Andrea Serge

    (2019). Article

    Transportation Research Part F. No.60:415–426

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear...

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear Model (GLM) with a = 0.05 procedure was used for the comparison of mean values. Results show that drivers tend to make higher valuations regarding the aggressive character of the PAD (M = 7.86 SD = 0.05). The situation that most concerned Spanish drivers was ‘‘To produce damage to other people with some type of object or weapon” (M = 9.47 SD = 0.05), which does not necessarily correspond to the driving context. Differences in perception were found depending on socio-demographic variables. Women, drivers over 29years old, low- middle social classes, and drivers who had suffered two accidents, tended to evaluate PAD as more aggressive. These findings suggest that differences in the perception of aggressive behaviors depend on social situations and on the driver’s personal features. Finally, the findings of this research will help road safety researchers understand the con- cept of aggressiveness under different perspectives, and take into account the existing dif- ferences between dangerous and punishable behaviors. Moreover, these outcomes showed the necessity to deepen the research on those behaviors that Spaniards perceive as aggres- sive, and to develop knowledge on why the perception of aggressiveness changes according to the characteristics of the population, and how this perception is reflected in people’s attitudes and behaviors towards road safety.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.032
    ISSN: 1369-8478
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    Work stress and health problems of professional drivers: a hazardous formula for their safety outcomes.

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    (2018). Article

    PeerJ. No.6:e6249

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665...

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665 Colombian professional drivers was drawn from five different studies. The Job Content Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire were used to measure work stress and self-reported mental health, respectively. Additionally, professional drivers self-reported health problems (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and overweight) and health-related risky behaviors (smoking and sedentary behavior). Results: Regarding the Job Demands–Control (JDC) model, it was found that approximately a third part of Colombian professional drivers suffer from high job strain (29.1%). Correlational and multivariate analyses suggest that de JDC model of stress is associated with the professional drivers’ mental health, traffic accidents and fines, but not with other physical and behavioral health-related outcomes, which are highly prevalent among this occupational group, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, overweight, smoking and sedentary behavior. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that (a) stressful working conditions are associated with health and lifestyle-related outcomes among professional drivers, and (b) that evidence-based interventions are needed in order to reduce hazardous working conditions, job stress rates and their negative impact on the health of this occupational group

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.7717/peerj.6249
    ISSN: 2167-8359
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    Evaluación de los factores de riesgo, comportamientos y accidentalidad vial de los usuarios vulnerables: El caso de los ciclistas.

    Sergio Useche Hernández

    (2018). Tesi

    Directors: Francisco Alonso and Luis Montoro

    Qualification: Distinction "cum laude", with mention "International"

 
 
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