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  • Conceptualization of aggressive driving behaviors through a Perception of aggressive driving scale (PAD)

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    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Andrea Serge

    2019. Article

    Transportation Research Part F. No.60:415–426

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear...

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear Model (GLM) with a = 0.05 procedure was used for the comparison of mean values. Results show that drivers tend to make higher valuations regarding the aggressive character of the PAD (M = 7.86 SD = 0.05). The situation that most concerned Spanish drivers was ‘‘To produce damage to other people with some type of object or weapon” (M = 9.47 SD = 0.05), which does not necessarily correspond to the driving context. Differences in perception were found depending on socio-demographic variables. Women, drivers over 29years old, low- middle social classes, and drivers who had suffered two accidents, tended to evaluate PAD as more aggressive. These findings suggest that differences in the perception of aggressive behaviors depend on social situations and on the driver’s personal features. Finally, the findings of this research will help road safety researchers understand the con- cept of aggressiveness under different perspectives, and take into account the existing dif- ferences between dangerous and punishable behaviors. Moreover, these outcomes showed the necessity to deepen the research on those behaviors that Spaniards perceive as aggres- sive, and to develop knowledge on why the perception of aggressiveness changes according to the characteristics of the population, and how this perception is reflected in people’s attitudes and behaviors towards road safety.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.032
    ISSN: 1369-8478
  • Work stress and health problems of professional drivers: a hazardous formula for their safety outcomes.

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    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    PeerJ. No.6:e6249

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665...

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665 Colombian professional drivers was drawn from five different studies. The Job Content Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire were used to measure work stress and self-reported mental health, respectively. Additionally, professional drivers self-reported health problems (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and overweight) and health-related risky behaviors (smoking and sedentary behavior). Results: Regarding the Job Demands–Control (JDC) model, it was found that approximately a third part of Colombian professional drivers suffer from high job strain (29.1%). Correlational and multivariate analyses suggest that de JDC model of stress is associated with the professional drivers’ mental health, traffic accidents and fines, but not with other physical and behavioral health-related outcomes, which are highly prevalent among this occupational group, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, overweight, smoking and sedentary behavior. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that (a) stressful working conditions are associated with health and lifestyle-related outcomes among professional drivers, and (b) that evidence-based interventions are needed in order to reduce hazardous working conditions, job stress rates and their negative impact on the health of this occupational group

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    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.6249
    ISSN: 2167-8359
  • Evaluación de los factores de riesgo, comportamientos y accidentalidad vial de los usuarios vulnerables: El caso de los ciclistas.

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    Sergio Useche Hernández

    2018. Tesi

    Directors: Francisco Alonso and Luis Montoro

    Qualification: Distinction "cum laude", with mention "International"

  • 5th Conference on Urban Mobility and Road Safety

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso presented the presentation "New Vehicles of Personal Mobility: An occasion to emphasize the principles of road coexistence" and moderate the subsequent round table with the same title in the V Conference on Urban Mobility and Road Safety organized by ITS Spain and that have been held in Madrid on December 13, 2018.

  • Effect of Road Safety Education on road risky behaviors of Spanish children and adolescents: findings from a national study

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    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer.

    2018. Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. No.15(12), 2828

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky...

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky behavior of Spanish students. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 4062 (51.5% males and 48.5% females) participants attending primary (47.5%), secondary (40.7%), and high school (11.7%) was gathered through a national survey on RSE and road behaviors. Results: A set of significant associations between demographic factors, RSE variables, and self-reported road behaviors was found. Furthermore, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) allowed us to establish that age and observed misbehaviors (positively), and attitudes towards road safety and risk perception (negatively), have a direct link with the road risky behavior of children and young people. The knowledge of traffic rules was not a significant predictor of road behavior. Conclusions: The results of this study show that, together with demographic factors such as age, RSE-related variables have an effect on the road behavior of children and young people. They also suggest the need for strengthening actions to be implemented in road safety (Road Safety Education) at scholar and community levels

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    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15122828
    ISSN: 1660-4601
  • Working Conditions, Job Strain, and Traffic Safety among Three Groups of Public Transport Drivers

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    Sergio Useche, Viviola Gómez, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso.

    2018. Article

    Safety and Health at Work. No.9(4):454-461

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of...

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of sociodemographic and driving performance questions, including age, professional driving experience, work schedules, and accidents and penalties suffered in the last 2 years. Results: Analyses showed significant associations between measures of socio-labor variables and key performance indicators such road traffic accidents and penalties. Furthermore, multiple linear regression analysis contributed to explain significantly suffered accidents from key variables of the Job Demand-Control model, essentially from job strain. In addition, throughout post-hoc analyses, significant differences were found in terms of perceived social support, job strain, and job insecurity. Conclusion: Work stress is an issue that compromises the safety of professional drivers. This research provides evidence supporting a significant effect of job strain on the professional driver’s performance. Moreover, the statistically significant differences between taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers in their expositions to work-related stress suggest the need for tailored occupational safety interventions on each occupational group.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2018.01.003
    ISSN: 2093-7911
  • Guía metodológica para elaborar planes locales de seguridad vial

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    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, José Luis Velarte.

    2018. Llibre

    The local Road Safety Plans are a valuable tool for addressing the solution of the problems identified. The main objective of these Plans is the reduction of the road accident rate, as well as the injuries and deaths derived from it, which occur locally. This document consists of a methodological guide to prepare road safety plans at the local level in the Dominican Republic with the aim of proposing a series of concepts and steps so that authorities and representatives at the local level can design a road safety plan in a multisectorial and systematic way. that facilitates its implementation and monitoring at the local level.

  • 7th edition of the University of Autumn of Enguera (UOE)

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the conference: "Road safety in the ICT era" in the 7th edition of the University of Autumn of Enguera that, with the slogan "Enguera and its region, new social, economic and educational challenges", was held from November 6 to 8, 2018 in this town. Organized by the Vicerrectorado of Territorial Projection and Society of the Universitat de València, in collaboration with the City council of Enguera and the IES Enguera, and by means of the coordination of the professor Pedro Morillo, it tries to approach Enguera and its region to the university to try to confront the new economic and social challenges from the training. It is designed for different types of public,...

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the conference: "Road safety in the ICT era" in the 7th edition of the University of Autumn of Enguera that, with the slogan "Enguera and its region, new social, economic and educational challenges", was held from November 6 to 8, 2018 in this town. Organized by the Vicerrectorado of Territorial Projection and Society of the Universitat de València, in collaboration with the City council of Enguera and the IES Enguera, and by means of the coordination of the professor Pedro Morillo, it tries to approach Enguera and its region to the university to try to confront the new economic and social challenges from the training. It is designed for different types of public, from middle school students, training or university cycles, to teachers, retirees, unemployed, administration technicians and any other group.

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  • 11th (Inter) National Congress of Legal and Forensic Psychology

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated in the 11th (Inter) National Congress of Legal and Forensic Psychology held in Granada from November 1 to 3, 2018, and organized by the Spanish Society of Legal and Forensic Psychology (SEPJF), with the presentation "Positioning and internationalization of the Spanish traffic psychology in Latin America”, within the Panel of Experts "The profile of traffic psychology and security at the crossroads. Perspectives of the present”

  • Technical Seminar on Road Safety

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated in the round table "Safety elements focused on motorcyclists", within the Technical Road Safety Conference organized by the Technical Association of Roads, with the theme "Opening roads to the implementation of new technologies in road safety ", was held in Logroño on October 25 and 26, 2018.

 
 
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