University of Valencia logo Logo del portal

  • Research Group DATS

Search result298 results

  • 4th Conference about on urban mobility and road safety

    Representative picture of the publication

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, gave the presentation "Use of Drones in Urban Mobility and Road Safety" within the theme "New technologies applied to Urban Road Safety", which was part of the 4th Conference on mobility urban and road safety, held in Madrid on 7 November, 2017. Other topics to be discussed were: -The good practices and criteria in order to minimize the risk of mixed flow pathways: pedestrian, bicycle and motor vehicles. -The experience of medium-sized cities. -The problem of the big cities

  • 1st Edition MXRS (Mexico Road Safety)

    Representative picture of the publication

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the Master Conference "Principles for Road Safety management at national level" in the 1st Edition of MXRS (Mexico Road Safety), organized by MXINFRAESTRUCTURE and held on October 24, 2017 in Mexico. MSRS has the purpose of spreading and cultivating the ‘road safety culture’ in Mexico and to promote the good practices in public and private institutions. The events makes room to the conferences, exhibitions and relevant information of the sector

  • Knowledge, perceived effectiveness and qualification of traffic rules, police supervision, sanctions and justice.

    Representative picture of the publication

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Sergio A. Useche

    2017. Article

    Cogent Social Sciences. No.3(1)

    Road safety is a complex process that not only depends on technical and environmental improvements, but in a major part from human factors. In this sense, recent empirical studies have remarked the need to study the interaction between subject and laws, at the glance of several elements preceding road behavior. This is the case of attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the field of road safety, factors that influence the interaction with issues such as traffic rules, police supervision, penalties and justice in traffic. The objective of this study was to describe the self-rated knowledge and perceptions regarding traffic norms and its interaction with road safety among drivers. For this...

    Road safety is a complex process that not only depends on technical and environmental improvements, but in a major part from human factors. In this sense, recent empirical studies have remarked the need to study the interaction between subject and laws, at the glance of several elements preceding road behavior. This is the case of attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the field of road safety, factors that influence the interaction with issues such as traffic rules, police supervision, penalties and justice in traffic. The objective of this study was to describe the self-rated knowledge and perceptions regarding traffic norms and its interaction with road safety among drivers. For this study, a sample of 1100 Spanish drivers was obtained from a national sampling process. The results showed that the clear majority of drivers consider they know in a sufficient manner the traffic norms, and consider them as effective. Concerning police supervision, almost 70% of them consider that it is effective, but generally assumes that traffic agents prefer to be located in strategical places to catch offenders, rather than in really dangerous places. Regarding sanctions, drivers conceived the punishment to road offenders principally as educational and tax-collection measures. Finally, the general assessment of justice in traffic provided by Spanish drivers has shown a regular-low valuation degree. The obtained results invite to discuss about the interaction between traffic norms and road user, with the aim of promoting a positive law enforcement as a manner to build road safety culture.

    Read moreHide
    DOI: 10.1080/23311886.2017.1393855
    ISSN: 2331-1886
  • Behavioral Health in Child and Youth: The importance of Parental influence

    Representative picture of the publication

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    2017. Article

    Journal of Juvenile Psychology and Behavioural Sciences. No.1(1)

  • Round table “What model of city do we want?

    Representative picture of the publication

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has participated at the round table “What model of city do we want?”, held on 17 May 2017 at the Auditorium Theatre of Catarroja, with the theme "Mobility and traffic". Given his huge knowledge on urban mobility and the concrete case of Catarroja, Dr. Alonso gave his vision about the debated topic: the reduction of road traffic and the possibility of making pedestrian some sections of the Av. Diputación, main artery of the city.

  • Carreteras adaptadas a la población que envejece [Roads adapted to an aging population]

    Representative picture of the publication

    Francisco Alonso, Mónica Alonso, Sergio Useche, Cristina Esteban.

    2017. Article

    Revista Carreteras. No.212

    It has taken decades to have regard for human factor in the field of road safety. Still remains pending attend to subject’s individual differences. There’s no discussion of the fact that the population is aging. Rising life expectancy coupled with falling birth rate has led to a fast population aging. As we progressively adapt different environments to aging population, road environment and design cannot be relegated. In this article we discuss some reflections on the importance of this adaptation. Main needs and abilities of older which are differential to the rest of the general population are also discussed. Finally, possible measures to make such necessary adaptation will be explained.

    ISSN: 0212-6389
  • 13th PRI World Congress on : "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues"

    Representative picture of the publication

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the conference “Driver-Vehicle Interaction: Strategies & Services to maximize Positive Effects of Technology“ at the 13th PRI World Congress on: "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues”, celebrated from 3 to 7 May 2017 in Tunisia In total harmony with the global issues contained in The Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 that was extended by The Brasilia Declaration to 2030, the pillars of Congress are "Road safety management", "Safer roads and mobility", "Safer vehicles", "Safer road users", and "Post crash response".

  • 13th National Meeting of Rescue and the 1st National Meeting of Trauma

    Representative picture of the publication

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has collaborated with the presentation "Prevention of road injuries from the human factor and road health in the Spanish case" at 13th National Meeting of Rescue and the 1st National Meeting of Trauma, an event held at the Tarongers Campus of the University of Valencia from 2 to 5 May 2017 and organised by the University of Valencia and the Provincial Consortium of Firefighters of Valencia. The goal of these meetings is to enrich institutional relations and to improve and develop knowledge and action skills for when a rescue in a traffic accident is needed.

  • Alcohol Consumption, Smoking, Job Stress and Road Safety in Professional Drivers

    Representative picture of the publication

    Sergio A Useche, Andrea Serge, Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban.

    2017. Article

    Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy. No.8(2)

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ),...

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ), and c) self-reported habits related to addictive behaviors, in particular smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: It was found that 20.3% of professional drivers have the habit of actively consuming tobacco, and 27.9% of drinking alcohol regularly. Furthermore, 28% of the sample presents Job Strain. Further, significant trends between smoking and: a) gender (i.e., being a male driver), and b) the fact of having Job Strain was found. Regarding alcohol consumption, two-step cluster analysis allowed to establish profiles of drivers when combining the fact of drinking alcohol regularly (or not) and the self-reported rates of fines and traffic accidents registered for the last two years. Finally, significant differences in Job Strain were established between drivers in both clusters, being the mean score higher for drivers reporting regular alcohol consumption and higher rates of fines and crashes. Conclusion: This research suggests the need for the development of comprehensive interventions on psychosocial factors at work and lifestyle issues among professional drivers, based on the reported rates of the two addressed addictive behaviors and its relationship to adverse health, occupational and safety outcomes.

    Read moreHide
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000321
    ISSN: 2155-6105
  • Burnout, Job strain and road accidents in the field of public transportation: The case of city bus drivers

    Representative picture of the publication

    Sergio A. Useche, Francisco Alonso, Boris E. Cendales, Renata Autukevičiūtė, Andrea Serge

    2017. Article

    Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. No.6(1)

    Introduction: The widely documented relationship between psychosocial work factors and occupational accidents has not been translated into intervention strategies in some high-risk occupational groups, such as public transport drivers. According to the recent scientific evidence, city bus drivers tend to present high levels of occupational stress, burnout, and accidents at work. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers, and associate their stress/burnout profile with their road incidents (road accidents + fines) reported in the past 2 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample was formed by 222 Colombian male city bus...

    Introduction: The widely documented relationship between psychosocial work factors and occupational accidents has not been translated into intervention strategies in some high-risk occupational groups, such as public transport drivers. According to the recent scientific evidence, city bus drivers tend to present high levels of occupational stress, burnout, and accidents at work. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers, and associate their stress/burnout profile with their road incidents (road accidents + fines) reported in the past 2 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample was formed by 222 Colombian male city bus drivers with an average of 41.36 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 18.63 years and, in average 6.82 years working in their current transport company. The study participants had a mean of 0.51 road accidents and 1.19 traffic fines in the past 2 years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by four sections: (a) Demographics, (b) job strain (Karasek’s job content questionnaire), (c) burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), and (d) self-reported health. Data collection process was conducted in 2014-2015 and analyzes along 2016. Results: A high proportion of city bus drivers report job strain (40.5%). The average scores of emotional exhaustion (X = 21.01) and cynicism (X = 17.88) were also high. Cluster analysis was used to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers. Two job strain/burnout profiles significantly different were found (low job strain/burnout: n = 34.3% and high job strain/burnout: n = 65.7%). The bus drivers with high job strain/burnout profile reported significantly more accidents than those with low job strain/burnout profile (F(2.216) = 269.1, P = 0.00). Conclusions: This study confirms that the prevalence of occupational stress and burnout are significantly high among Colombian bus drivers. In addition, it was found that the bus drivers’ job strain/burnout profile is related to their performance behind the wheel. Therefore, the intervention on these factors represents a potentially successful strategy for the prevention of road accidents and risk behaviors that lead to penalties and fines.

    Read moreHide
    DOI: 10.5455/jeos.20170202074636
    ISSN: 2146-8311
 
 
This website uses proprietary and third-party cookies for technical purposes, traffic analysis and to facilitate insertion of content in social networks on user request. If you continue to browse, we consider that you are accepting its use. For more information please consult ourcookies policy