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    Work Environment, Stress and Driving Anger: A Structural Equation Model for Predicting Traffic Sanctions of Public Transport Drivers

    Luis Montoro, Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Boris Cendales

    (2018). Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. No.15(3):497

    Public transport is an effective and sustainable alternative to private vehicle usage, also helping to reduce the environmental impact of driving. However, the work environment of public transport operators is full of adverse conditions, which, together with their high mileage, may increase the occurrence of negative safety outcomes such as traffic accidents, often preceded by risky road behaviors enhanced by stress, anger, and difficult operating conditions. The aims of this study were, first, to determine the association between work-related psychosocial factors and individual characteristics of public transport drivers and the rate of traffic sanctions they are subject to; and second, to...

    Public transport is an effective and sustainable alternative to private vehicle usage, also helping to reduce the environmental impact of driving. However, the work environment of public transport operators is full of adverse conditions, which, together with their high mileage, may increase the occurrence of negative safety outcomes such as traffic accidents, often preceded by risky road behaviors enhanced by stress, anger, and difficult operating conditions. The aims of this study were, first, to determine the association between work-related psychosocial factors and individual characteristics of public transport drivers and the rate of traffic sanctions they are subject to; and second, to assess the mediation of driving anger in this relationship. A sample of professional drivers (57.4% city bus, 17.6% taxi, and 25% inter-urban bus male operators) was used for this cross-sectional study, responding to a five-section survey including demographic data and driving-related factors, psychosocial work factors including job stress, driving stress, risk predisposition, and driving anger. The results of this study showed significant associations between work-related factors: measures of stress and self-reported rates of traffic fines. Second, it was found that driving anger mediates the associations between driving stress, risk predisposition, and traffic sanctions; and partially mediates the association between driving experience, hourly intensity, and job stress. This study supports the idea that traffic penalties reported by public transport rates are preceded by work-related, personality, and other individual factors that, when combined with driving anger, enhance the occurrence of road misbehavior that may affect overall road safety.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15030497
    ISSN: 1661-7827
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    Transportation Seminars 2018

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    On March 7, 2018, Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the presentation "Traffic and Road Safety: the relevance and impact of the human factor", at the College of Civil Engineering of Roads, Canals and Ports of Barcelona. The presentation, addressed to students of Civil Engineering, culminated in an open discussion with attendees and is part of the Transport Seminars 2018 organized by the Chair Abertis of the UPC-Barcelona Tech in collaboration with the Catalan Association of Regional Science, and which take place between February 14 and May 9, 2018.

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    3rd World Congress on Public Health and Nutrition

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the conference "Relations between Public Health and Road Safety", within the 3rd World Congress on Public Health and Nutrition held in London from February 26 to 28, 2018 Dr. Alonso described the main health problems that the drivers acknowledge that suffer, whether physical or psychological, as well as the knowledge, perceptions, attitudes and behaviors they have in different contexts , and the opinions about different solutions.

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    Public consultation workshop National Strategic Plan for Motorcyclist Safety in the Dominican Republic.

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director of INTRAS and advisor of the National Institute of Traffic and Land Transportation (INTRANT) of the Dominican Republic, gave a presentation on the National Motorcyclist Safety Plan in the Dominican Republic, developed by INTRAS, within the Public consultation workshop organized by INTRANT to consolidate the proposal, which is part of the National Road Safety Strategic Plan in the country, with the parties that make up the motorcyclist sector. Subsequently, the working tables for the development of the "National Strategic Plan for Motorcyclist Safety", presented their proposals focused on the axes raised: human factor, research, motor vehicles, infrastructure...

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director of INTRAS and advisor of the National Institute of Traffic and Land Transportation (INTRANT) of the Dominican Republic, gave a presentation on the National Motorcyclist Safety Plan in the Dominican Republic, developed by INTRAS, within the Public consultation workshop organized by INTRANT to consolidate the proposal, which is part of the National Road Safety Strategic Plan in the country, with the parties that make up the motorcyclist sector. Subsequently, the working tables for the development of the "National Strategic Plan for Motorcyclist Safety", presented their proposals focused on the axes raised: human factor, research, motor vehicles, infrastructure and regulations.

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    Infrastructural and Human Factors affecting Safety Outcomes of Cyclists

    Sergio A. Useche; Luis Montoro; Francisco Alonso; Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios

    (2018). Article

    Sustainability. No.10(2)

    The increasing number of registered road crashes involving cyclists during the last decade and the high proportion of road crashes resulting in severe injuries and fatalities among cyclists constitutes a global issue for community health, urban development and sustainability. Nowadays, the incidence of many risk factors for road crashes of cyclists remains largely unexplained. Given the importance of this issue, the present study has been conducted with the aim of determining relationships between infrastructural, human factors and safety outcomes of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed, first, to examine the relationship between key infrastructural and human factors present in cycling,...

    The increasing number of registered road crashes involving cyclists during the last decade and the high proportion of road crashes resulting in severe injuries and fatalities among cyclists constitutes a global issue for community health, urban development and sustainability. Nowadays, the incidence of many risk factors for road crashes of cyclists remains largely unexplained. Given the importance of this issue, the present study has been conducted with the aim of determining relationships between infrastructural, human factors and safety outcomes of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed, first, to examine the relationship between key infrastructural and human factors present in cycling, bicycle-user characteristics and their self-reported experience with road crashes. And second, to determine whether a set of key infrastructural and human factors may predict their self-reported road crashes. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a total of 1064 cyclists (38.8% women, 61.2% men; M = 32.8 years of age) from 20 different countries across Europe, South America and North America, participated in an online survey composed of four sections: demographic data and cycling-related factors, human factors, perceptions on infrastructural factors and road crashes suffered. Results: The results of this study showed significant associations between human factors, infrastructural conditions and self-reported road crashes. Also, a logistic regression model found that self-reported road crashes of cyclists could be predicted through variables such as age, riding intensity, risky behaviours and problematic user/infrastructure interactions. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that self-reported road crashes of cyclists are influenced by features related to the user and their interaction with infrastructural characteristics of the road.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.3390/su10020299
    ISSN: 2071-1050
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    Symposium Smart cities and value of time: Transport planning for the "on move” society

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso gave the presentation "Traffic Safety and the role of infrastructure management” together with the director of Sustainable Mobility, Ing. Alexandra Cedeño, at the Symposium Smart cities and value of time: Transport planning for the "on move” society. This symposium aims to contribute to the debate on planning transport system and urban development according to the needs and activities undertaken by citizens of the modern "on move" society. The symposium has been organized in collaboration with the Technological Institute of Santo Domingo (INTEC) and the University of Twente in the Netherlands.

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    Plan Estratégico Nacional para la Seguridad Vial de la República Dominicana 2017 – 2020

    Francisco Alonso; Cristina Esteban

    (2017). Llibre

    The PENSV 2017-2020 is characterized by being a comprehensive plan, which aims to address all factors and actors that have responsibility in the field of traffic and road safety, seeking to provide a systemic and robust response to this problem in the Dominican Republic. Designed by and for people, it is the result of a participatory and inclusive process, since representatives of the public, private and civil society sectors participated in its elaboration, thus achieving to consider the needs of all. Its successful implementation requires equally the challenge of achieving the active involvement of the various actors of Dominican society that affect the solution of the problems...

    The PENSV 2017-2020 is characterized by being a comprehensive plan, which aims to address all factors and actors that have responsibility in the field of traffic and road safety, seeking to provide a systemic and robust response to this problem in the Dominican Republic. Designed by and for people, it is the result of a participatory and inclusive process, since representatives of the public, private and civil society sectors participated in its elaboration, thus achieving to consider the needs of all. Its successful implementation requires equally the challenge of achieving the active involvement of the various actors of Dominican society that affect the solution of the problems associated with traffic and road safety.

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    4th Conference about on urban mobility and road safety

    Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso, gave the presentation "Use of Drones in Urban Mobility and Road Safety" within the theme "New technologies applied to Urban Road Safety", which was part of the 4th Conference on mobility urban and road safety, held in Madrid on 7 November, 2017. Other topics to be discussed were: -The good practices and criteria in order to minimize the risk of mixed flow pathways: pedestrian, bicycle and motor vehicles. -The experience of medium-sized cities. -The problem of the big cities

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    1st Edition MXRS (Mexico Road Safety)

    Francisco Alonso

    (2017). Participació en congressos

    Dr. Francisco Alonso has given the Master Conference "Principles for Road Safety management at national level" in the 1st Edition of MXRS (Mexico Road Safety), organized by MXINFRAESTRUCTURE and held on October 24, 2017 in Mexico. MSRS has the purpose of spreading and cultivating the ‘road safety culture’ in Mexico and to promote the good practices in public and private institutions. The events makes room to the conferences, exhibitions and relevant information of the sector

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    Knowledge, perceived effectiveness and qualification of traffic rules, police supervision, sanctions and justice.

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Sergio A. Useche

    (2017). Article

    Cogent Social Sciences. No.3(1)

    Road safety is a complex process that not only depends on technical and environmental improvements, but in a major part from human factors. In this sense, recent empirical studies have remarked the need to study the interaction between subject and laws, at the glance of several elements preceding road behavior. This is the case of attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the field of road safety, factors that influence the interaction with issues such as traffic rules, police supervision, penalties and justice in traffic. The objective of this study was to describe the self-rated knowledge and perceptions regarding traffic norms and its interaction with road safety among drivers. For this...

    Road safety is a complex process that not only depends on technical and environmental improvements, but in a major part from human factors. In this sense, recent empirical studies have remarked the need to study the interaction between subject and laws, at the glance of several elements preceding road behavior. This is the case of attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the field of road safety, factors that influence the interaction with issues such as traffic rules, police supervision, penalties and justice in traffic. The objective of this study was to describe the self-rated knowledge and perceptions regarding traffic norms and its interaction with road safety among drivers. For this study, a sample of 1100 Spanish drivers was obtained from a national sampling process. The results showed that the clear majority of drivers consider they know in a sufficient manner the traffic norms, and consider them as effective. Concerning police supervision, almost 70% of them consider that it is effective, but generally assumes that traffic agents prefer to be located in strategical places to catch offenders, rather than in really dangerous places. Regarding sanctions, drivers conceived the punishment to road offenders principally as educational and tax-collection measures. Finally, the general assessment of justice in traffic provided by Spanish drivers has shown a regular-low valuation degree. The obtained results invite to discuss about the interaction between traffic norms and road user, with the aim of promoting a positive law enforcement as a manner to build road safety culture.

    Read moreHide DOI: 10.1080/23311886.2017.1393855
    ISSN: 2331-1886
 
 
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