(REME / Pi-Science)

 

 

Welcome to my web site!

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS

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Research: Dolores Frías-Navarro (M.Dolores.Frias@uv.es)

Full Professor in the University of Valencia (Spain) specialized in research methods. Her primary research interest is in methodology for quantitative research and the statistical reform (effect size and confidence interval). Her professional interests are in the areas of program evaluation research, social intervention, field research methodology and research synthesis (meta-analysis and systematic review).

Laboratory: REsearch MEthods and design in applied psychology (REME) and Principles of Integrity in Science (Pi-Science)”

Generador de Códigos QR CodesDISEÑO Y ANÁLISIS EN PSICOLOGÍA APLICADA Y PRINCIPIOS DE INTEGRIDAD EN LA CIENCIA

 

ResearcherID: B-2328-2009

 

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http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4298-1313

 

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https://uv.academia.edu/DoloresFriasNavarro

 

OSH:

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link

 

I'm Dolores Frias-Navarro, Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Valencia (Spain) (Ph.D.). Department of Methodology of the Behavioural Sciences.

I am also a Professor in Statistics and Design and Research Methods. I teach courses at the graduate and undergraduate level on research design and data analysis.

I am Director of Psychology Research Unit Design in Applied Psychology, which is devoted to the advancement and dissemination of statistical methodology related to research in Psychology (http://www.uv.es/friasnav/unidinves.html).

My research focuses on the development, improvement, and evaluation of quantitative methods, especially as they relate to statistical issues in applied research, with an emphasis on the design of research studies. Specific areas of investigation include the effects of heteroscedasticity on inference, causal inference, statistical power, effect size and confidence interval, research synthesis (systematic review and meta-analysis), factorial invariance and statistical approaches to assessing mediation and statistical cognition research.

My research tasks include topics related with the importance of considering effect size and statistical power in research and Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology (PBE). Evidence-based practice in psychology has been defined as the “integration of the best available research with clinical expertise in the context of patient characteristics, culture, and preferences” (Am. Psychol. Assoc. Presid. Task Force on Evidence-Based Pract. 2006, p. 273).

I'm very interesting in the advancement and dissemination of statistical methodology related to research in Psychology. In addition, I have adapted into Spanish the CONSORT 2010 (Schulz, Altman, Moher, & CONSORT group, 2010). Is in: https://www.uv.es/friasnav/CONSORTSpanish.pdf

My research includes the study and analysis of data from the European Social Survey (ESS).

I have participated in research funded by the Ministry of Education in Spain. Project: “Estimating effects: uses and abuses of hypothesis testing in Psychology” (2001-2004) and “Critical revision of the statistical design in Psychology” (2004-2007) and “Statistical reform in Psychology and Education” (2011-2014).

(https://sede.micinn.gob.es/portal/site/eSede/;https://sede.micinn.gob.es/facilita/)

Although my research is methodological, I enjoy working with substantive researchers in mutually beneficial collaborations, where I can develop needed or apply existing methods to address interesting and important real-world problems: sexual prejudice, homophobia. As Tukey pointed out, “the best thing about being a statistician is that you get to play in everyone’s backyard!”

I conduct research in the areas of stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination. I am particularly interested in understanding contemporary forms of prejudice (social cognition research: modern and subtle forms) and investigating the ways in which these prejudiced attitudes manifest themselves behaviourally and, to some extent, psychophysiological. My research has addressed stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination toward a number of social groups; namely, sexual (e.g., gay and lesbian) and minorities (immigrants).

Research Methods

Meta-Researcher

Applied Research Methodology

Designs in Applied Psychology

Causal Inference

Statistical Reform in Psychology: effect size and confidence interval

Research Synthesis (Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review)

Meta-Research

Evidence-Based Practice

Integrity of Science

Statistical Cognition Research

Social Cognition Research: Modern Prejudice

Dolores Frías-Navarro, es doctora en Psicología por la Universidad de Valencia y Catedrática de Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Desde 1994 es la directora de la Unidad de Investigación REsearch MEthods and design in applied psychology (REME) and Principles of Integrity in Science (Pi-Science)” de la Universidad de Valencia. La producción científica se ha desarrollado dentro del ámbito del análisis metodológico y la aplicación de las técnicas estadísticas y de diseño de investigación al campo aplicado. Destaca el estudio de los diseños de investigación, el impacto de la reforma estadística, los problemas de la replicación y la crisis de la Ciencia, la potencia estadística y el tamaño del efecto, revisiones sistemáticas y meta-análisis y, en definitiva, el estudio de los elementos que están relacionados con la validez de conclusión estadística y la calidad de la evidencia (pruebas) de los resultados. Las líneas de investigación principales: 1) la educación, re-educación y cognición estadística y la meta-investigación, 2) la medición de constructos psicológicos y la elaboración de instrumentos de medida, 3) el estudio de las cuestiones metodológicas vinculadas con el área de los aspectos psicológicos y sociales que están relacionados con las migraciones, la movilidad humana y la diversidad sexual y 4) el uso de las nuevas tecnologías y la educación en abierto. Concretamente, dentro del ámbito de la diversidad sexual en la Unidad se han desarrollado instrumentos de medida (ejemplo: Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale, BCASSFS) y se han abordado modelos teóricos que expliquen las variables predictoras del rechazo de las familias con padres del mismo sexo.

ruler-pulses

INSTRUMENTS: PUNTUATION AND DESCRIPTION

 

 

*Frias-Navarro, D. (2009). Beliefs about Children's Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale [Database record]. University of Valencia, Spain. Retrieved from PsycTESTS. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t40229-000

Original Publication: Frias-Navarro, Dolores, & Monterde-i-Bort, Hector. (2012). A scale on beliefs about children's adjustment in same-sex families: Reliability and validity. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(9), 1273-1288. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2012.720505

Ø Chinese: 对于同性恋家庭环境成长下孩子的认知测

Ø English: Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale (BCASSFS)

Ø Française: Échelle de croyances sur l’ajustement infantile chez des familles avec des parents du même sexe

Ø Icelandic: Mælikvarði á viðhorf varðandi aðlögun barna í fjölskyldum með samkynhneigðum foreldrum

Ø Italian: Scala sulle credenze sull‘ adattamento infantile in famiglie con genitori dello stesso sesso

Ø Nederland: Schaal van opvattingen over de aanpassing van kinderen met ouders van hetzelfde geslacht

Ø Portuguese: Escala de crenças acerca do ajustamento social das crianças em famílias com o mesmo sexo

Ø Romanian: Scala de convingeri  privind acomodarea infantilă în familiile cu părinți de același sex

Ø Spanish: Escala de Creencias sobre el ajuste infantil en familias del mismo sexo.

Ø Ukrainian: Шкала припущень щодо пристосування дітей з одностатевих сімей

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*            Frias-Navarro, D. (2009). Scale of Beliefs about the Etiology of Sexual Orientation (BESO). University of Valencia (Spain).

*     Frias-Navarro, D. (2009). Scale of Opinions about non-Rights of Individuals with a homosexual sexual orientation (ORHSO). University of Valencia (Spain).

*     Instrumento COMPLET de 24 ítems ( BCASSFS, BESO; ORHSO; CONTACT; CONTROL ORIENTACIÓN SEXUAL)

*     Frias-Navarro, D. (2014). Adaptación al español del instrumento de Prejuicio Manifiesto y Sutil de Pettigrew y Meertens (1995). Universidad de Valencia, España. [Spanish adaptation of the instrument Subtle Prejudice and Blatant Prejudice of Pettigrew and Meertens (1995). University of Valencia. Spain]. Disponible en: http://www.uv.es/friasnav/PMPS.pdf

*     Frias-Navarro, D., Badenes-Ribera, L., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Berríos-Riquelme, J. (2016). Termómetro afectivo para medir el prejuicio emocional (TAPE) y nivel de contacto. Universidad de Valencia. Disponible en: http://www.uv.es/friasnav/Termómetroafectivo.pdf

 

LIBROS DE METODOLOGÍA DE INVESTIGACIÓN:

Books:

2014. Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual-Soler, M., Badenes-Ribera, L., & Pascual-Mengual, J. (2014). Open Course Ware (OCW) en las universidades españolas. Valencia: Palmero Ediciones (edición digital). link)

2014. Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual-Soler, M., Badenes-Ribera, L., & Monterde-i-Bort, H. (2014). Reforma estadística en Psicología. Palmero Ediciones (edición digital). link)

2011. Frías-Navarro, D. (2011). Técnica estadística y diseño de investigación. Valencia: Palmero Ediciones. (link)

[Technical statistics and research design]

1996. Pascual-Llobell, J., Frías-Navarro, D., & García-Pérez, F. (1996). Manual de Psicología Experimental: metodología de investigación. Barcelona, España: Ariel. [Handbook of experimental psychology: Research methodology].

 

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS.  Consult:

***********************************2015*************************

A-2015. Badenes-Ribera, L., Frias-Navarro, D., & Pascual-Soler, M. (2015). Errors d’interpretació dels valors “p” en estudiants universitaris de Psicologia (Errores de interpretación de los valores p en estudiantes universitarios de Psicología; Misinterpretations of p values in Psychology university students). Anuari de Psicologia de la Societat Valenciana de Psicologia, 16(2), 15-32.

RESUMEN. Antecedentes. Informar sobre los valores p de las pruebas de significación estadística és común en la literatura empírica de psicología. A pesar de esto, las interpretaciones incorrectas del valor p son abundantes y repetitivas. Estos errores afectan a las decisiones profesionales y ponen en riesgo la calidad de las intervenciones psicológicas y la acumulación de un conocimiento científico válido. El objetivo de este estudio es describir los errores de interpretación del valor p y su interpretación correcta en los estudiantes de psicología de la Universidad de Valencia. Método: La muestra está formada por 63 participantes. La edad media de los participantes es de 20,05 años (DT = 2,74). Se realizaron encuestas a los participantes sobre sus interpretaciones de los valores p. Resultados. Nuestros resultados sugieren que la mayoría de estudiantes universitarios de Psicología no conocen la interpretación correcta de los valores p. La falacia de la probabilidad inversa presenta más problemas de comprensión. A su vez, un gran número de estudiantes confunden la significación estadística del resultado obtenido con su significación práctica o clínica. Conclusiones. Estos resultados destacan la importancia de la educación estadística.

A-2015. Badenes-Ribera, L., Frias-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Pascual-Soler, M. (2015). Interpretation of the p value: A national survey study in academic psychologists from Spain. Psicothema, 27(3), 290-295. doi: 10.7334/psicothema2014.283

ABSTRACT. Background: Incorrect interpretations of p values affect professionals’ decisions and jeopardize the quality of psychological interventions and the accumulation of valid scientific c knowledge. This study analyzes the errors made by Spanish academic psychologists in interpreting p values. Method: We surveyed academic psychologists about their interpretations of p values. The sample is composed of 418 academic psychologists from Spanish public universities. The mean number of years working as a university professor is 14.16 (SD = 9.39). Results: Our fi ndings suggest that many academic psychologists do not know how to correctly interpret p values. The inverse probability fallacy presents the greatest comprehension problems. Methodology instructors also interpret the signifi cance of the p value erroneously. Conclusions: These results highlight the importance of the statistical re-education of professors.

A-2015. Badenes-Ribera, L., Frias-Navarro, D., Bonilla-Campos, A., Pons-Salvador, G., & Monterde-i-Bort. H. (2015). Intimate partner violence in lesbians: a meta-analysis of its prevalence. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 12, 47-59. doi: 10.1007/s13178-014-0164-7

ABSTRACT. The present study is the first meta-analytic study about the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in self-identified lesbians in same-sex couples. It summarizes the scientific evidence from studies published from 1990 to 2013. First, 1,184 studies were identified, then 59 studies were pre-selected, and finally 14 studies were chosen that met the criteria for inclusion and methodological quality. The studies were conducted in the USA, using non-probabilistic sampling methods, and they were characterized by their high level of heterogeneity. The mean prevalence of victimization in IPV over the lifespan is 48 % (95% CI, 44–52 %) and 15 % (95 % CI, 5–30 %) in the current/most recent relationship, with the difference being statistically significant between over the lifespan and current/most recent relationship IPV. The mean prevalence of victimization in physical violence over the lifespan is 18 % (95 % CI, 0–48 %), in sexual violence 14 % (95 % CI, 0–37 %), and in psychological/emotional violence 43 % (95 % CI, 14–73 %). The high prevalence suggests the need to implement IPV prevention programs among lesbians, as well as homophobia prevention programs. Moreover, the methodological quality of prevalence studies should be improved. The limited number of studies considered in each thematic block and the high heterogeneity of their results should be taken into account.

A-2015. Frias-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual Soler, M., & Badenes Ribera, L. (2015). Etiology of homosexuality and attitudes toward same-sex parenting: Results from a randomized study. Journal of Sex Research, 52(2), 151-161. doi:10.1080/00224499.2013.802757

ABSTRACT. Attribution theory suggests the hypothesis that heterosexuals' attitudes toward homosexual sexual orientation will be more negative when homosexuality is attributed to controllable causes. Our randomized study analyzed (a) whether beliefs about the genetic or environmental etiology of the homosexual sexual orientation can be immediately modified by reading a text and (b) the causal effect of attributions about the controllability (environmental etiology) or noncontrollability (genetic etiology) of homosexual sexual orientation on the rejection of same-sex parenting and their social rights. The sample was composed of 190 Spanish university students with a mean age of 22.07 years (SD = 8.46). The results show that beliefs about the etiology of the sexual orientation could be modified by means of a written text. Furthermore, participants who believed that sexual orientation had a genetic etiology showed greater support for social rights and less rejection of same-sex parenting. However, the effects were detected only when there was a traditional opposition to the family with same-sex parenting. When the opposition was normative, the effect was not statistically significant. Our results can be useful in planning variables for intervention programs designed to foster tolerance toward and normality of sexual diversity.

CL-2015. Alberti, A., Gabaldón, S., & Frías-Navarro, D. (2015). Peruvian parenting styles, adolescents' personal competence and internalization of values In F. García Pérez (ed.). Parenting: Cultural Influences and Impact on Childhood Health and Well-Being. Series: Focus on Civilizations and Cultures (pp. 61-76). Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. ISBN: 978-1-63482-493-4.

CL-2015. Gómez-Frías, R, Molina-Palomero, O., Badenes-Ribera-L., & Frías-Navarro, D. (2015). Razones para emigrar de los estudiantes universitarios: ¿continuar con la formación académica? . En M. Teresa Tortosa Ibáñez, José Daniel Álvarez Teruel y Neus Pellín Buades (2015). XIII Jornadas de Redes de Investigación en Docencia Universitaria. 'Nuevas estrategias organizativas y metodológicas en la formación universitaria para responder a la necesidad de adaptación y cambio'. Alicante: Ediciones ICE de la Universidad de Alicante.

CL-2015. Badenes-Ribera, L., Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual-Soler, M., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Molina-Palomero, O. (2015). Necesidad de re-educación estadística en profesores universitarios: errores de interpretación valores p y tamaño del efecto. En M. Teresa Tortosa Ibáñez, José Daniel Álvarez Teruel y Neus Pellín Buades (2015). XIII Jornadas de Redes de Investigación en Docencia Universitaria. 'Nuevas estrategias organizativas y metodológicas en la formación universitaria para responder a la necesidad de adaptación y cambio'. Alicante: Ediciones ICE de la Universidad de Alicante.

 

***********************************2014*************************

A-2014. Frias-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Barrientos Delgado, J., Badenes Ribera, L., & Cardenas Castro, M. (2014). Beliefs about children’s adjustment in same-sex families: Spanish and Chilean University students. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 17, 1-9. doi:10.1017/sjp.2014.5

The main purpose of our study is to compare the beliefs of Spanish and Chilean university students about the effects that same-sex parents can have on their children. A total of 491 participants completed the study (208 Spaniards and 283 Chileans). The results indicate a kind of modern and subtle rejection based on hetero-normativity. Furthermore, the results indicate the effects of sex (men have a greater degree of rejection), traditional and sexist opinions linked to a greater rejection of same-sex parents, and the contact variable, which inversely correlates with this rejection. The results show that the etiology of homosexual orientation also correlates with rejection of same-sex parents when it is believed that homosexuality is learned or can be changed.

L-2014. Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual-Soler, M., Badenes-Ribera, L., & Pascual-Mengual, J. (2014). Open Course Ware (OCW) en las universidades españolas. Valencia: Palmero Ediciones (edición digital).

L-2014. Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual-Soler, M., Badenes-Ribera, L., & Monterde-i-Bort, H. (2014). Reforma estadística en Psicología. Palmero Ediciones (edición digital).

C-2014. Ramírez, A. & Frias-Navarro, D. (2014). La relación entre el prejuicio emocional y la distancia social en estudiantes universitarios. I Congreso de la Sociedad Científica Española de Psicología Social y XII Congreso Nacional de Psicología Social. Sevilla, 20 a 22 de noviembre de 2014. ISBN 84-697-1464-3.

C-2014. Ramírez, A. & Frias-Navarro, D. (2014). Actitudes hacia la aculturación y su relación con el prejuicio manifiesto y sutil en estudiantes universitarios. I Congreso de la Sociedad Científica Española de Psicología Social y XII Congreso Nacional de Psicología Social. Sevilla, 20 a 22 de noviembre de 2014. ISBN 84-697-1464-3.

C-2014. Frias-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H-, Pascual Soler, M., Badenes-Ribera, L., & Pascual-Llobell, J. (2014). Improvement in statistical practice: results from a Spanish survey (N=744). VI European Congress of Methodology. Universiteit Utrecht. The Netherlands July 23-25.

In the field of Psychology, the use of the p value linked to the null hypothesis continues to be the most common practice in research reports. In spite of this popularity, or perhaps because of it, the majority of psychologists are not aware of the statistical peculiarities of the p value procedure. Statistics is a difficult subject to teach and learn, and there is considerable evidence that its application is often deficient in Psychology, as well as in other scientific disciplines. Methodological errors include aspects of design, analysis, report writing and interpretation. Researchers analyzing this question have focused on two aspects: a) checking the statistical results reported in scientific publications in order to look for human error (Bakker, van Dijk, & Wicherts, 2012; Reason, 1990). For example, erroneous information about a statistical result may be due to an erroneous interpretation of the output from a statistical software program; and b) erroneous information can be due to the application of incorrect norms or the researcher’s lack of knowledge about the statistical test (Monterde-i-Bort, Frias-Navarro, & Pascual-Llobell, 2010). The purpose of our study is to address this latter point. Our study has two basic objectives: first, to evaluate the importance Spanish university professors give to statistical power in the planning phase of their studies and, therefore, how they define the optimal sample size; and second, to analyse the influence of the methodological recommendations in the American Psychological Association Manual (2010), that is, to what degree they have impacted statistical reform among Spanish Psychology and Education professors. The study sample is composed of 744 professors from the disciplines of Psychology and Education, with an average of 12.85 years (SD=9.23) tenure in the university, and coming from public (84.9%) and private (13.2%) universities. As in other studies, the main results point to the presence of errors in the interpretation of p values and lack of planning of the sample size and the effect size. Therefore, the impact of the indications for the statistical reform has not yet been felt in Spain, with the traditional model for the researcher’s methodological activity being maintained.

C-2014. Frias-Navarro, D., Badenes Ribera, L., Pascual Soler, M., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Gomez-Frias, R. (2014). Estilos de aprendizaje de los estudiantes y el uso de los materiales de educación en abierto: análisis del tamaño del efecto (Studentslearning styles and their use of open educational materials: analysis of the effect size).

Open Educational Resources (OER) are a source of information from educational materials that are offered free of cost so that anyone with an Internet connection can access them. OER facilitate the advancement of knowledge by liberating information for everyone’s benefit. OER resources include Open Course Ware (OCW) and other learning initiatives such as free software. Open educational resources are based on the idea that knowledge and education are common goods that must be supported by educational institutions. The institutions that contribute to Open Course Ware projects make a commitment to use their Internet resources to develop and keep scientific materials openly accessible to users throughout the world.  OCW materials are published with open code licenses, allowing their re-use. OCW is not a distance learning initiative; nor does it provide an academic certificate or recognition by the institution or school. The user does not have to register anywhere. OCW does not offer the possibility of accessing the professors or authors of the materials through the contents, and there are no forums, e-mails or other means of direct interaction between the teacher and the users. The purpose of OCW is to provide free and simple access to higher education teaching materials for educators, students and self-taught people all over the world. From the point of view of individual differences, it has been show that students adapt differently to web-based learning. The personality and learning styles are relevant variables to evaluate within learning. However, few studies have focused on studying the learning styles and training through on-line courses or materials. The three main objectives of our study are: 1) to find out the degree of students’ Internet connection; 2) to analyze the relationship between the students’ learning styles and their use of open educational materials in general; and 3) to relate the learning style with the use and evaluation of Open Course Ware materials. The sample of participants is composed of 667 Psychology students from the University of Valencia (Spain) with a mean age of 22.32 years (SD= 5.37). The measurement instruments include a questionnaire consisting of 80 statements that evaluate each of the learning styles: active, reflexive, theoretical and pragmatic (CHAEA instrument), and a questionnaire about knowledge and use of OCW-type free materials in Internet and free material for their academic preparation. The results show a high perception of Internet connection (mean= 8.13, DT=1.35 on a scale from 1 to 10). Our study detected that the predominant learning style among the students is the reflexive one, and it concludes with recommendations and implications for education through open educational materials.

C-2014. Badenes Ribera, L., Pascual Soler, M., Gomez-Frias, R., Monterde-i-Bort, H. & Frias-Navarro, D., (2014). Impacto de la reforma estadística en los docentes de Psicología y de Educación: tamaño del efecto y de la muestra.

C-2014. Badenes-Ribera, L. & Frias-Navarro, D. (2014). Meta-análisis sobre prevalencia de violencia en parejas de mujeres lesbianas auto-identificadas. X Congreso Español de Criminología. Granada, 7 a 9 de mayo de 2014.

***********************************2013*************************

A-2013. Frias-Navarro, D., Barrientos-Delgado, J., Badenes-Ribera, L., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Cárdenas-Castro, M. (2013). Sex differences in sexual prejudice. Contact as mediator variable. European Journal of Child Development, Education and Psychopathology, 1, (1), 45-58.

The present article analyzes the relationship between sex and nationality and prejudice toward gay men and lesbians and the rejection of same-sex parents in Spain and Chile. Participants were university students (N=491). Results indicate that men are more prejudiced than women, and the Chilean participants report more prejudice than the Spanish participants. In addition, sex differences in attitudes toward lesbians and gay men and differences by nationality are mediated by the contact variable. Nationality differences in attitudes same-sex parents (normative opposition scale) were fully mediated. Findings from this study suggest that contact may explain the link between sex differences and sexual prejudice. This subscale operationalizes the construct of heterosexism towards families with same-sex parents, and it is quite difficult to intervene in this social construct to reduce the prejudice. Findings of this study may have important implications for reducing sexual prejudice. Knowing, interacting and fostering relationships between the members of the outgroup and the ingroup can reduce differences due to sex and nationality.

A-2013. Cardenas-Castro, M., Barrientos-Delgado, J., Gomez, F., & Frias-Navarro, D. (2013). Assessing the dimensionality of beliefs about children’s adjustment in same-sex families scale (BCASSFS) in Chile. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 10, 1, 43-51. Doi: 10.1007/s13178-012-0107-0

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale (BCASSFS) (Frías-Navarro 2009), in terms of confirmation of internal consistency and dimensionality via confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, we set out to validate this scale using the Attitudes toward Lesbians and Gay Men (ATLG) Scale Cardenas and Barrientos (The Journal of Sex Research 45(2):140–149, 2008a). Finally, we divided our sample into categories with a view to creating a typology (Egalitarian, Normative opponents, Bigots, and Individual opponents). No research to date has confirmed the hypothesized factor structure of the BCASSFS in Latin American countries. Using data from a convenience sample obtained through the application of a survey of heterosexuals at a university in northern Chile (N=283), a model of two correlated factors was used and the fit indexes obtained. The results indicate that the BCASSFS is a valid and reliable scale for measuring beliefs about children’s adjustment in same-sex families in Chile. Moreover, the findings indicated that responses to BCASSFS could be explained by two factors (individual opposition and normative opposition) and that the two factors were correlated. Finally, differences between “egalitarian,” “normative opponents,” “bigots,” and “individual opponents” in the ATLG scale were examined, statistically significant differences being found between groups in the ATL and ATG subscales.

CL-2013. Frías-Navarro, D., Badenes-Ribera, L., Pascual-Soler, M., & Monterde-i-Bort, H. (2013). Pensamiento meta-analítico: educación estadística. En M. Teresa Tortosa Ibáñez, José Daniel Álvarez Teruel y Neus Pellín Buades (2013). XI Jornadas de Redes de Investigación en Docencia Universitaria 2013: Retos de futuro en la enseñanza superior: docencia e investigación para alcanzar la excelencia académica. (pp. 342-351). Ediciones ICE. Universidad de Alicante. ISBN 978-84-695-8104-9.

CL-2013. Frías-Navarro, D., Badenes-Ribera, L., & Gómez-Frías, R. (2013). Innovación docente en la asignatura de Estadística: uso del cine.  En M. Teresa Tortosa Ibáñez, José Daniel Álvarez Teruel y Neus Pellín Buades (2013). XI Jornadas de Redes de Investigación en Docencia Universitaria 2013: Retos de futuro en la enseñanza superior: docencia e investigación para alcanzar la excelencia académica. (pp. 2174-2184). Ediciones ICE. Universidad de Alicante. ISBN 978-84-695-8104-9.

C-2013. Frías-Navarro, D., Badenes-Ribera, L.,  Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Pascual-Soler, M., & (2013). Reforma estadística en Educación: Psicodidáctica y Revista de Educación. XVI Congreso Nacional / II Internacional Modelos de Investigación Educativa de la Asociación Interuniversitaria de Investigación Educativa (AIDIPE), “Investigación e Innovación Educativa al Servicio de Instituciones y Comunidades Globales, Plurales y Diversas”. Alicante, España: 4, 5 y 6 de septiembre de 2013.

C-2013. Ramírez March, A., & Frías-Navarro, D. (2013). Asimilación de valores nacionales y prejuicio manifiesto y sutil. Escuela de verano del Máster Internacional de Migraciones: “La construcción de una existencia migratoria”. Valencia: 24 a 27 de junio de 2013.

C-2013. Molina-Palomer, O., Botella-López, M., & Frías-Navarro, D. (2013). Cuestionario de amenaza percibida del exogrupo (CAPE). Escuela de verano del Máster Internacional de Migraciones: “La construcción de una existencia migratoria”. Valencia: 24 a 27 de junio de 2013.

C-2013. Murillo, S., Frías-Navarro, D., & Badenes-Ribera, L. (2013). Dimensionality of beliefs about children´s adjustment in same-sex families: Portugal and Spain. 1st International Conference LGBT Psychology and related fields. Lisbon (Portugal): 20 to 22 June 2013.

C-2013. Murillo, S., Frías-Navarro, D., & Barrientos-Delgado, J. (2013). Evidence of cross-cultural invariance of the Scale on Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in same-sex families (Spain,, Chile and Portugal): A revisited. XIV Jornadas Científicas de Psicología “Ulm olhar psicológico sobre os problemas e desafíos do séc. XXI”. Associacao de Estudiantes do Institut Superior de Ciencas da Saude-Norte. Portugal: 19-20 Abril.

C-2013. Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pons-Salvador, G., Dolz-Serra, L., Samper-Garcia, P., Mestre-Escrivá, M.V., & Badenes-Ribera, L. (2013). Developing academic practices in teaching research methods: statistical reform.  III Open Educational Resources 2013 (OER 2013). University of Nottingham (UK), 26-27 March.

C-2013. Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual-Soler, M., & Badenes-Ribera, L. (2013).Bridges and barriers in the elaboration of OCW materials. III Open Educational Resources 2013 (OER 2013). University of Nottingham (UK), 26-27 March.

C-2013. Badenes-Ribera, L., Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Pascual-Soler, M. (2013). Informar e interpretar el tamaño del efecto en Psicología y Educación.XIV Congreso Virtual de Psiquiatria.com. Interpsiquis, 201: 1 al 28 de Febrero.

 

***********************************2012*************************

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., Garcia-Banda, G., Riquelme, A. & Coll, A. (2012). A united methodological proposal to study the Hospital Clown intervention. 3º Encontro Rede Internacional de Investigaçao de Palhoços de Hospital (Hospital-Clown Research International Network, H-CRIN). Lisbon (Portual): 8 al 10 de Octubre de 2012.

2012. Monterde-i-Bort, H. & Frías-Navarro, D. (2012). Blatant and subtle prejudice toward elderly drivers: Detection and assessment among Spanish drivers. Procedings Fit to Drive 6th International Traffic Expert Congress. Barcelona 2012. Kirschbaum Verlag.

2012. Pascual Soler, M. & Frías-Navarro, D. (2012). Valores personales asociados al bienestar subjetivo en personas mayores: evidencias a partir de la Encuesta Social Europea. Metodología de Encuestas, 14, 81-101.

Personal values associated with the subjective well-being of the elderly: evidence based on the European Social Survey. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between the subjective well-being and the personal values among the elderly population. More specifically, our aim is to identify those values that are associated to a greater degree with the subjective states of well-being of the over 65 age group. The research is based on the Spanish sample included in the fourth edition of the European Social Survey (ESS). The results indicate that for those 65 and over the values of universalism, hedonism, benevolence and achievement increase the likelihood of a positive evaluation of their subject well-being.

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., & Pascual Soler, M. (2012). Prácticas del análisis factorial exploratorio (AFE) en la investigación sobre conducta del consumidor y marketing. Suma Psicológica, 19, 45-58.

Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) in consumer behavior and marketing research.  Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) is one of the most widely used statistical procedures in social research. The main objective of this work is to describe the most common practices used by researchers in the consumer behavior and marketing area. Through a literature review methodology the practices of AFE in five consumer behavior and marketing journals (2000-2010) were analyzed. Then, the choices made by the researchers concerning factor model, retention criteria, rotation, factors interpretation and other relevant issues to factor analysis were analyzed. The results suggest that researchers routinely conduct analyses using such questionable methods. Suggestions for improving the use of factor analysis and the reporting of results are presented and a checklist (Exploratory Factor Analysis Checklist, EFAC) is provided to help editors, reviewers, and authors improve re-porting exploratory factor analysis.

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., & Monterde-i-Bort, H. (2012). Scale of Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families: reliability and validity. Journal of Homosexuality, 59(9), 1273-1288. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2012.720505

The authors developed a Scale of Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families (SBCSSF). The scale was developed to assess of the adults’ beliefs about negative impacts on children who are raised in same sex parents. An initial pool of 95 items was generated by the authors based on a review of the literature on homophobia and feedback from several focus groups. Research findings, based on a sample of 212 university students (mean age 22 years, SD = 8.28), supported the reliability and validity of the scale. The final versions of the SBCSSF included items reflecting the following two factors: Individual Opposition (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.87) and Normative Opposition (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.88). Convergent validity of the scale is demonstrated by predictable correlations with beliefs about the cause of homosexuality and the support for homosexual rights. Our study reveals a strong positive association between high scores on the Scale of Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families and beliefs that the origin of homosexuality is learned and opposition to homosexual rights.

2012. Cárdenas, M., Barrientos, J., Gómez, F., & Frías-Navarro, D. (2012). Attitudes toward gay men and lesbians and their relationship with gender roles beliefs in a sample of Chilean university students. International Journal of Sexual Health, 24(3), 226-236. doi: 10.1080/19317611.2012.700687

Socio-cultural changes on a global basis have led to a substantial change in the values of Western society, favoring greater individualism and equity in gender status and relations (Barrientos & Páez, 2006. Bozon, 2001; Connell, 2002; Haavio-Manila, Kontula & Rotkirch 2002; Inglehart 1997; Inglehart & Baker 2000; Weeks, 1986). Additionally, in most Western societies these changes have led to more favorable attitudes toward premarital relations, abortion, and homosexuality; they have also resulted in an increase in secular values, with many people setting aside loyalties to established religious institutions. However, in so-called ‘developing countries’, such as Mexico and Chile, although economic development has facilitated women's access to more and better educational opportunities, these changes are less noticeable (Inglehart & Baker, 2000).

2012. Fornés-Vives, J., García-Banda, G., Frías-Navarro, D., Hermoso-Rodríguez, E. & Santos-Abaunza, P. (2012), Stress and neuroticism in Spanish nursing students: A two-wave longitudinal study. Research in Nursing & Health, 1-9. doi: 10.1002/nur.21506

The aim of this study was to clarify the direction of the stress–neuroticism relationship in a sample of 200 nursing students from three Spanish universities before their entry into the work force using a two wave longitudinal design. The Stressful Life Events Scale and NEO-FFI Neuroticism subscale were administered at the beginning (T1) and end (T2) of nursing studies. Female students reported higher scores in both perceived stress due to life events and neuroticism than males. Older students scored higher in life events stress than younger ones. High neuroticism was associated with a high level of stress. Finally, neuroticism scores rose in the group in which stress increased from T1 to T2. Our findings partially support the stress causation interactionism model of stress in which life events can modify personality traits.

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., Badenes Ribera, L., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual Soler, M., Barrientos Delgado, J., Cárdenas-Castro, M., Murillo, S, & Quintas de Oliveira, J. (2012). Evidence of cross-cultural invariance of the Scale on Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families (Spain, Chile and Portugal). V European Congress of Methodology. Santiago de Compostela: 17 al 20 de Julio de 2012.

The interpretation of results in cross-cultural research is affected by a problem: namely, that measurement procedures are likely to lead to scores that are biased or nonequivalent across cultures. In cross-cultural comparative studies it is essential to establish equivalent measurement of relevant constructs across cultures. If this equivalence is not confirmed it is difficult if not impossible to make meaningful comparison of results across countries. This study explores the cross-cultural invariance (construct validity) of Scale on Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families (Frías-Navarro, 2009) using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA). We also estimate and compare the latent means of the three education groups. The main purpose of the present study is verifying the factorial invariance in cultures (Spain, Chile and Portugal) that may be regarded as distinctively from that of the Spain. Testing of the cross-cultural invariance of a structural model consists of two major phases: measurement invariance test and structural invariance test. The results clearly demonstrate the replicability of the two factors: Opposition Individual and Opposition Normative. In addition, internal consistency and the homogeneity of the items of the corresponding factors are satisfactory.

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pascual Soler, M., Pascual Llobell, J., & Badenes Ribera, L. (2012). Improving statistical practice in clinical production: A case Psicothema. V European Congress of Methodology. Santiago de Compostela: 17 al 20 de Julio de 2012

Improving statistical reporting practice has been a major issue in psychology for more than 15 years (cf. Cohen, 1988; Wilkinson & American Psychological Association [APA] TaskForce on Statistical Inference, 1999). However, the call for reform was especially urgent for journals concerned with clinical significance, in which the question of statistical significance is only a precursor to whether interventions produce meaningful change. In 2005, the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology (JCCP) became the first American Psychological Association (APA) journal to require statistical measures of clinical significance, plus effect sizes (ESs) and associated confidence intervals (CIs), for primary outcomes (La Greca,2005). As this represents the single largest editorial effort to improve statistical reporting practices in any APA journal in at least a decade, in this article we investigate the efficacy of that change in Spanish publications. We aim to analyze the statistical practice from the clinic articles published by “Revista Psicothema” over the last five years. We believe that publication criteria and standards will have to be raised in order to achieve a better quality in clinic-scientific Spanish psychology.

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., Pons Salvador, G., Dolz Serra, L., Samper García, P., Mestre Escrivá, M.V., & Badenes Ribera, L. (2012). Integración de los materiales Open Course Ware en la enseñanza universitaria: estimación de sus efectos. En M. Teresa Tortosa, José Daniel Álvarez Teruel, & Neus Pellín Buades, X Jornadas de Redes de Investigación en Docencia Universitaria: la participación y el compromiso de la comunidad universitaria (pp.3422-3432). Ediciones ICE. Universidad de Alicante.  ISBN 978-84-695-2877-8

2012. Frías-Navarro, D., & Pascual Soler, M. (2012). Bienestar subjetivo y satisfacción con el trabajo en la Encuesta Social Europea. I Congreso Nacional de Psicología Positiva. El Escorial (Madrid): 14 al 17 de marzo de 2012.

El bienestar subjetivo puede explicarse, en parte, a partir de la evaluación de la satisfacción en diferentes dominios como el trabajo, la salud, los ingresos, etc. (Diener, Suh, Lucas & Smith, 1999; Andrews & Withey, 1976; Cummins, 1996; Argyle, 2001; Rojas, 2006 ). Así, el bienestar subjetivo puede entenderse como la suma de la satisfacción experimentada en distintos ámbitos de la vida. En el presente trabajo centramos la atención en el estudio de las interacciones que se producen entre el bienestar subjetivo, la ocupación y el género. La hipótesis que formulamos se expresa en los siguientes términos: tanto el género como la ocupación son variables que se relacionan con los niveles de bienestar subjetivo experimentado por las personas. Trabajamos con la muestra española (1.885 registros) de la Encuesta Social Europea – European Social Survey Round 5 (ESS, 2010). El constructo de bienestar subjetivo se mide con los tres primeros ítems del inventario WHO-5 (http://www.who-5.org/), la ocupación se obtiene mediante una pregunta categórica con las siguientes opciones de respuesta: empleo remunerado, estudios, desempleo y buscando trabajo activamente, desempleo sin buscar trabajo activamente, enfermedad crónica o invalidez, jubilado/a, labores del hogar-cuidado de hijos u otras personas, y otras ocupaciones.

2012. Pascual Soler, M., & Frías-Navarro, D. (2012). Análisis de las relaciones entre bienestar subjetivo, género y ocupación: nuevas estrategias de análisis. I Congreso Nacional de Psicología Positiva. El Escorial (Madrid): 14 al 17 de marzo de 2012.

2012. Frías Navarro, D., Meisel, V., Ponsel, E., García-Banda, G., Badenes Robera, L., Monterde-i-Bort, H. y Pascual Soler, M. (2012). Los payasos de hospital. Planificación del tamaño del efecto. I Congreso Nacional de Psicología Positiva., El Escorial (Madrid): 14 al 17 de Marzo de 2012.

***********************************2011*************************

2011. Frías-Navarro, D. (2011). Técnica estadística y diseño de investigación. Valencia: Palmero Ediciones. (link)

2011. Análisis de la investigación científica. CONSORT 2010. Submitted.

2011. Assessment of beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families among Sample of Spanish University Students. Submitted.

2011. Frías-Navarro D. (2011). Construir la investigación científica (Construct scientific research: Statistical models). En proceso

2011. Frías-Navarro, D., & Monterde-i-Bort, H. (2011). The relationship between risk of bias and effect size: randomized controlled trials. 19Cochrane Colloquium. Madrid, 19-22 of October de 2011. Poster

Background: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for trials assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions and provide the best evidence to inform and guide clinical decision-making. Therefore it is important to understand how they are conducted and how to evaluate the strength of evidence. Bias is a systematic tendency to produce an outcome that differs from the underlying truth. Bias in clinical trials falls into four categories: selection bias, performance bias, detection bias and attrition bias. There are numerous tools to assess methodological quality of primary studies. Understanding the relationship between the risk of bias and the effect size can help plan research to monitor the presence of such bias. Objectives: Our work has three objectives. First, provide an analysis of the relationship between bias and effect size. Second, analyze the bias and reporting checklists (example CONSORT). Third, we review and analyze the Cochrane Collaboration’s tool for assessing risk of bias. Methods: Systematic review. Results: The methodological quality of studies can have a substantial impact on estimates of treatment effect, which may affect the validity of the conclusions Conclusions: Our work helps to identify areas of strength and weakness in the existing evidence and to formulate recommendations to improve the conduct and value of future research.

2011. Badenes-Ribera, L., Leopold Escolano, C., Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Pascual Soler, M. (2011). Las emociones como variables que intervienen en la relación entre prejuicio hacia los inmigrantes y el contacto. V Congreso Nacional de Estudiantes de Psicología. Valencia, 11 al 13 de Abril, 2011.

Emotions as variables involved in the relationship between prejudice towards immigrants and contact. Affective and emotional factors play a significant role in the study of relations between groups and, specifically, the analysis of the predictors of prejudice. The main purpose of our research is to understand the emotions aroused by immigrants and relationship to both blatant and subtle prejudice. Therefore, a non-experimental research has been carried out with a sample of university students. In our research, first examines the relationships of emotions to the prejudice against immigrants, considering the differences between egalitarian, subtle and fanatical subjects. Secondly, the role of emotions (positives, negatives, subtle positives and subtle negatives) is investigated in a measuring model as variables that intervene in the connection between the variable of contact with immigrants and blatant or subtle prejudice. Our findings indicate the importance of emotions in intergroup relations, operating as measuring variables between the level of contact with immigrants and the level of prejudice (blatant and subtle). Thus, we present evidence supporting the theory of the Intergroup Emotions.

2011. Badenes-Ribera, L., Leopold Escolano, C., Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Pascual Soler, M. (2011). Reducir el prejuicio manifiesto y sutil hacia los inmigrantes y los padres del mismo sexo a través del contacto inter-grupo. V Congreso Nacional de Estudiantes de Psicología. Valencia, 11 al 13 de Abril, 2011.

Reduce the blatant and subtle prejudice toward immigrants and same-sex parents through the inter-group contact. Prejudice as an expression of negative affective response leads to rejection of the individual who does belong to the in-group. In democratic societies like ours, blatant prejudice is clearly decreasing and has been replaced by a more subtle or covert form of discrimination. The effect of inter-group contact has been documented in literature as a mechanism to reduce prejudice. The sample of our research consists of 207 psychology students. The purpose of this non-experimental research is threefold. On the one hand, to check and analyze the connection between blatant and subtle prejudice towards immigrants and the belief about the psychological wellbeing of children raised by same-sex parents. On the other hand, we analyze the differences between men and women in the manifestation of such prejudice. Also, we studied the role of intergroup contact as an element that reduces discrimination. The findings indicated that there is a statistically significant relationship between blatant and subtle prejudice toward immigrants and beliefs about the psychological adjustment of children raised by same-sex parents. Also there are difference scores between men and women in the two measuring instruments. As well, the results show that contact between groups is associated with lower levels of prejudice. The results of our research emphasizes need to develop measuring instruments adapted to the modern expressions of prejudice.

2011. Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual Soler, M., Monterde-i-Bort, H., & Badenes Ribera, L. (2011). Diseño, calidad y sesgo en los informes de experimentos  Interpsiquis, 2011.

Design, quality and bias of reports of randomized experiments. The accurate presentation of research results is key to the advancement of knowledge and dissemination of findings. However, not always done correctly. The movement of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) emphasizes the importance of applying the best evidence or the best evidence from the scientific method for clinical decisions. The experimental methodology is regarded as the highest quality research and control of bias. However, the quality of the implementation of the method is really important and not the method itself. Our research aims to analyze the major scales or checklists of the design process of experimental research in the area of health. Our goal is to highlight the elements that require a thorough check by the researcher to eliminate possible bias in the estimation of treatment effects. The impact of the recommendations of the CONSORT statement to randomized clinical trials has led to the production of checklists for a wide range of problems or needs understanding. Improving the quality of the research process and presentation of the research report are issues necessary to ensure the validity of the findings. Critical reading of the sections of 'Method' and 'Results' is key in determining the quality of evidence or evidence from the investigation report. Emphasize the importance of the difference between statistical significance, clinical significance and significance of the effect size is an issue that the checklists have not highlighted as key elements linked to the quality of the report.

2011. Pascual Soler, M. & Frías-Navarro, D. (2011). ¿Es la percepción del estado de salud un buen predictor de la satisfacción con la vida en general? Interpsiquis, 2011.

Is the perception of health condition a good predictor of the overall life satisfaction? The goal of this paper is build up a model that allow us predict the satisfaction the people have with their own lives in general. As an starting point, we set as independent variables, the evaluation, of the people that are part of the sample, do about the issues referred to work, family relations, income, free time availability, friends, couple relations and health. The identification of the regression model will allow us to observe whether the satisfaction with health, to the extent that increasing age, is a statistically significant variable, and, if so, adequate to predict overall satisfaction. The source of the analysis is the data of the September 2010 barometer of the CIS (Sociological Research Center). Thus we will work with a random sample of 2.473 people, representative of the Spanish population over 18 years old.

***********************************2010*************************

2010. Monterde-i-Bort, H., Frías-Navarro, D., & Pascual-Llobell, J. (2010). Uses and abuses of statistical significance tests and other statistical resources: a comparative study. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 25(4), 429-447. Doi: 10.1007/s10212-010-0021-x

The empirical study we present here deals with a pedagogical issue that has not been thoroughly explored up until now in our field. Previous empirical studies in other sectors have identified the opinions of researchers about this topic, showing that completely unacceptable interpretations have been made of significance tests and other statistical resources. We tried to show the degree to which these errors of interpretation appear in a sample of university professors and researchers. To evaluate the beliefs and opinions of the university professors about certain methodological and statistical questions, we adapted the "Psychometrics Group Instrument" questionnaire by Mittag (1999) and Mittag and Thompson (Educational Researcher 29:14-20, 2000). We specifically wanted to detect opinions about: (1) avoiding inappropriate interpretations, (2) rectifying incorrect uses, (3) creating a debate on possible alternatives, and (4) proposing editorial changes in the publication criteria. In this study, we compare the results we obtained with those obtained by two other equivalent studies (Gordon, Journal of Vocational Educational Research 26:1-18, 2001; Mittag and Thompson, Educational Researcher 29:14-20, 2000). The characteristics of the sample and the scope of the results are described, and a critical reflection is carried out on typical misunderstandings in interpretation that show a worrisome lack of understanding of some basic methodological and statistical concepts.

2010. Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual M., Monterde i Bort, H., Pascual, J. y Badenes L. (2010). “Puentes y barreras en la elaboración de materials OCW. Encuesta de opinión”. Departamento de Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Universidad de Valencia. España. (“Bridges and barriers in the development of OCW materials. Survey”).

2010. Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual Llobell, J., Monterde i Bort, J., Pascual Soler, M., Badenes, Ribera, L. y Pascual Mengual, J. (2010). Impacto del Open Course Ware (OCW) en los docentes universitarios. Universidad de Valencia. Ministerio de Educación. Gobierno de España. España.

Open Course Ware. Open educational resources are growing in the world. And the Open Course Ware is one of them. The Open Course Ware (OCW) movement in general aims to extend course materials to learners regardless of their enrollment in a university. Amongst these institutions, most well-known program is Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Open Course Ware (MIT).The OCW is dedicated to the development of freely available teaching materials in Internet. Open Course Ware is seen as a model for university dissemination of knowledge in the Internet age. Reputation and status are vital parts of the institutional motivation, but also of importance on the individual level of a professor. This research examines the views of the professors on incentives and disincentives for the development of materials Open Course Ware (OCW). A survey instrument was developed: "Bridges and barriers in the development of OCW materials. Survey" (Frías-Navarro, Pascual, Monterde, Pascual y Badenes, 2010).

Keywords: open education, self learning, open distance learning, Open Course Ware, open educational resources, virtual and open learning, technology in the classroom, information society.

2010. Frías-Navarro, D., Pascual, M., Monterde i Bort, H., &  Badenes, Ribera, L. (2010). Educación en Internet y las Ciencias de la Salud: Open Course Ware (OCW). Interpsiquis, 1, 2010.

Internet education and health sciences: Open Course Ware (OCW).

***********************************2009*************************

2009.  Are Women More Empathetic than Men? A Longitudinal Study in Adolescence. María Vicenta Mestre, Paula Samper, María Dolores Frías, and Ana María Tur. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 12 (1), 76-83.

Are Women More Empathetic than Men? A Longitudinal Study in Adolescence. Since the 1970s there has been a growing interest in analysing sex differences in psychological variables. Empirical studies and meta- analyses have contributed evidence on the differences between male and female individuals. More recently, the gender similarities hypothesis has supported the similarity of men and women in most psychological variables. This study contributes information on women’s greater empathic disposition in comparison with men by means of a longitudinal design in an adolescent population. 505 male and female adolescents aged between 13 and 16 years were evaluated at two different moments (grade 2 and grade 3, lower secondary education). They completed the Index of Empathy for Children and Adolescents by Bryant and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index by Davis. The results confirm a greater empathic response in females than in males of the same age, differences growing with age. The sizes of the effect estimated in the second evaluation (average age 14 years) are large for emotional empathy and medium for cognitive empathy. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1138741600001499

2009.  LA ENSEÑANZA DE LA METODOLOGÍA DE INVESTIGACIÓN CON ANALOGÍAS. Frías-Navarro, D. Publicado en Fargueta, F, Fernández, A. y Maiques, J.M. (Eds). Actas del V Congreso Iberoamericano de Docencia Universitaria Enseñar y Aprender en la Universidad del siglo XXI: propuestas y condiciones. Valencia: Editorial Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, UPV.

La enseñanza de la metodología de investigación con analogías. La analogía es una herramienta cognitiva muy útil para facilitar el descubrimiento y el aprendizaje de nuevos conceptos a través del conocimiento que ya posee el sujeto. En nuestro trabajo se utiliza la analogía para la enseñanza del proceso de decisión estadística y los errores estadísticos (error de Tipo I y error de Tipo II) desde la perspectiva del pensamiento analógico. El uso de la analogía es una estrategia que permite facilitar la presentación y enseñanza de cuestiones que son percibidas por los estudiantes con ciertas expectativas negativas que dificultan desde el comienzo el proceso de Enseñanza-Aprendizaje. Uno de los aspectos más difíciles de la enseñanza de la metodología y el proceso de diseño de investigación es motivar a los alumnos para que desarrollen un pensamiento estadístico. Conceptos como hipótesis nula, hipótesis alternativa, intervalos de confianza, prueba estadística o distribuciones de muestreo son abstracciones para los estudiantes que no logran integrar en su formación académica. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo es trabajar las cuestiones del contraste de hipótesis estadísticas con la analogía del proceso de un juicio donde la presunción de inocencia se vincula con la verdad de la hipótesis nula como inicio del proceso de decisión estadística.

2009.  Frías-Navarro, D. (2009). Métodos y Diseños de Investigación. En Gallardo Paúls, B. y Villar Hernández, P. (Eds.). El Open Course Ware de la Universitat de Valencia 2008. Espai obert al coneiximent/espacio abierto al conocimiento. ISBN: 978-84-692-6933-6 (Volúmen 1). Editorial: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universitat de València.

2009.  Frías-Navarro, D., Monterde-i-Bort, H., PascualLllobell, J., & Peris García, F. (2009). La medida del prejuicio manifiesto y sutil. 10º Congreso Virtual de Psiquiatría, Interpsiquis, 2009. Febrero.

La medida del prejuicio manifiesto y sutil. La medida del prejuicio resulta especialmente difícil desde la perspectiva del prejuicio manifiesto tradicional dada su baja aceptación social. Los investigadores sugieren que actualmente existe una nueva forma de expresión del prejuicio más sutil que ha reemplazado a otras formas más agresivas de prejuicio. En nuestro trabajo nos centramos en la investigación europea de Pettigrew y Meertens (1995, 1997). Pettigrew y Meertens (1995) diferencian entre dos tipos de individuos con prejuicio; racistas manifiestos y racistas sutiles y sugieren que ambos tipos de prejuicio puede ser medido fiablemente de forma separada. En nuestro trabajo se presenta evidencia sobre la estructura y dimensiones de “Blatant and Subtle Prejudice Scale”; y examinamos si esas dos formas de prejuicio se pueden distinguir en una muestra de estudiantes de Psicología de la Universidad de Valencia (España). También se midió la deseabilidad social con la escala “Marlowe Crowne’ Social Desirability Scale”.

 

BD21300_Resumen del trabajo y tablas del Análisis Factorial Exploratorio

 

2009.  SCALE OF BELIEFS ABOUT CHILDREN’S ADJUSTMENT IN SAME-SEX FAMILIES. Frías-Navarro, D. 10º Congreso Virtual de Psiquiatría, Interpsiquis, 2009. Febrero.

Scale of Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families. This study examines the conceptualization and psychometric properties of a new scale that measures of the adults’ beliefs about negative impacts on children who are raised in same sex parents. Research findings, based on a sample of 212 university students (mean age 22 years, SD = 8.28), supported the reliability and validity of the scale. This measure include two factors, Individual Opposition (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.87) and Normative Opposition (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.88). Convergent validity of the scale is demonstrated by predictable correlations with beliefs about the cause of homosexuality and the support for homosexual rights. Our study reveals a strong positive association between high scores on the Scale of Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Homoparental Families and beliefs that the origin of homosexuality is learned and opposition to homosexual rights.

starburstSCALE:

Ø  English: Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale

Ø  Portuguese: Escala de crenças acerca do ajustamento social das crianças em famílias com o mesmo sexo

Ø  Française: Échelle de croyances sur l’ajustement infantile chez des familles avec des parents du même sexe

Ø  German

Ø  Indi

SCALE: PUNTUATION AND DESCRIPTION

 

2009.  Frías-Navarro, D. (2009). Métodos y diseños de investigación. En Gallardo Paúls, B. y Villar Hernández, P. (Eds.), El Open Course Ware de la Universitat de Valencia 2008. Espai obert al coneiximent/espacio abierto al conocimiento. Editorial: Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universitat de València.

***********************************2008*************************

2008.  DISEÑO Y ANÁLISIS DE LA POTENCIA: N Y LOS INTERVALOS DE CONFIANZA DE LAS MEDIAS. José Fernando García, Juan Pascual, María Dolores Frías, Dirk Van Krunckelsven y Sergio Murgui. Psicothema, 20, 4, 933-938.

Design and power analysis: N and confidence intervals of means. In this study, we analyzed the validity of the conventional 80% power. The minimal sample size and power needed to guarantee non-overlapping (1 - a)% confidence intervals for population means were calculated. Several simulations indicate that the minimal power for two means (m= 2) to have non-overlapping CIs is .80, for (1 - a) set to 95%. The minimal power becomes .86 for 99% CIs and .75 for 90% CIs. When multiple means are considered, the required minimal power increases considerably. This increase is even higher when the population means do not increase monotonically. Therefore, the often adopted criterion of a minimal power equal to .80 is not always adequate. Hence, to guarantee that the limits of the CIs do not overlap, most situations require a direct calculation of the minimum number of observations that should enter in a study.

2008.  PREFERENCE ANALYSIS IN THE CONTEXT OF ROUTINE SHOPPING. Marcos Pascual Soler, Dolores Frías-Navarro y Juan Pascual Llobell. EsicMarket. Economic and Business Journal, 130, 2, 179-199.

Preference analysis in the context of routine shopping. The purpose of this study is to examine preferences in the choice of an establishment in which to buy grocery products. Specifically, an analysis is performed of the relationship between the preferred shopping place and a series of variables related to the service quality, the global rating and the perceived proximity of the establishment. The sample, selected by means of random sampling, consists of 300 participants. The service quality rating was measured with a scale designed by Pascual, Pascual, Frías and Rosel (2006). The results obtained using logistic regression analysis point out the importance of global judgments in routine shopping behaviour. (JOURNAL)

 

***********************************2007*************************

2007.  TESTS DE EQUIVALENCIA (EQUIVALENCE TESTS). Dolores Frías-Navarro, Juan Pascual Llobell, Héctor Monter-Bort, y Fernando García-Pérez. En E.I. DeLaFuente, J.L. Padilla & J. García (Eds.), Actas IX Congreso de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales y de la Salud (pp. 390-403). Granada: Ediciones Sider S.C.

 

***********************************2006*************************

2006.  ERRORES DE INTERPRETACIÓN DE LOS MÉTODOS ESTADÍSTICOS: IMPORTANCIA Y RECOMENDACIONES. Héctor Monter-Bort, Juan Pascual Llobell y Dolores Frías Navarro. Psicothema, 18, 4, 848-856, 2006.

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Bort, HMI; Llobel, JP; Navarro, MDF

PubMed

This document is cited in APA PsycNet (American Psychological Association)

Interpretation mistakes in statistical methods: their importance and some recommendations. Prior research has identified some of the most common misconceptions on how researchers interpret the results of significance tests. In this study, we examine the scope of these misconceptions in a sample of university professors and researchers from Spain on the basis of a short questionnaire. The obtained results provide important information: i) to prevent wrong interpretation from the data, ii) to correct the wrong use of statistical testing, iii) to suggest new ways of examining the data, and iv) to propose some modifications on the editorial criteria to publish scientific work. [espiral03CITAS]

 

2006.  CALIDAD DE SERVICIOS EN SUPERMERCADOS: UNA PROPUESTA DE MEDICIÓN. Marcos Pascual Soler, Juan Pascual Llobell, Dolores Frías Navarro y Jesús Rosel Ramírez, Psicothema, 18, 3, 661-667, 2006.

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Soler, MP; Llobel, JP; Navarro, MDF, et al.

PubMed

Quality service in supermarkets: A proposal of measurement. This assignment has the aim of going deeply into the study of service quality perception in supermarkets. The research tries to find the criterion used when rating the services received in a supermarket and also to elaborate an instrument to measure the service quality in this context. From the review of the existing bibliography, four theoretical factors and a thirteen items scale have been composed. These four factors are: price, product, service and image and fresh product. In order to check the psychometrical properties of the questionnaire we carried out a computer assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) with a sample of 300 interviews. The results obtained allow us to show a scale with a factorial structure of 4 dimensions that throws up optimal indexes of reliability and validity. At the same time we conclude that the variable called establishment global rate is an important variable in the perceptive structure of the consumers.

 

***********************************2005*************************

2005.  REFORM OF STATISTICAL PRACTICE IN PSYCHOLOGY. Dolores Frías-Navarro, Juan Pascual Llobell & Héctor Monterde i Bort., 9th European Congress of Psychology. Granada (SPAIN), 3-8 July, 2005. (Reforma de la práctica estadística en Psicología).

Reform of statistical practice in Psychology. Substantially improving statistical practices may require stricter editorial policies and further guidance for authors on reporting and interpreting measures and drastic revision of statistics education within psychology. In psychology, there are serious flaws in practices for publishing statistical results and in textbook presentation of concepts, reflecting poor statistical understanding. The failure to reform research practices comes largely from the failure of much statistics education to emphasize conceptual understanding.

***********************************2004*************************

2004.  Frías-Navarro, M.D. (2005). HOMOPARENTALIDAD. En A. Simonis (comp.), Educar en la diversidad. Barcelona: editorial LAERTES (pp. 61-80).

 

2004.  TRATAMIENTOS PSICOLÓGICOS CON APOYO EMPÍRICO Y PRÁCTICA BASADA EN LA EVIDENCIA. Juan Pascual Llobell, Dolores Frías-Navarro y Héctor Monterde-Bort Papeles del Psicólogo, 87, 1-8, 2004

The investigation on the effect of psychological treatments has gone progressing since a position of validation and empirical support to its formulation as a model of practice based on the evidence. To find the most valid evidence, develop understandable and coherent theories, work with clinical experts and recognize the importance of the patient will permit to compose a model that facilitate the advance of the knowledge on the most efficacy psychological treatments. [espiral03CITAS]

 

2004.  PERSONALIDAD Y CONTEXTO FAMILIAR COMO FACTORES PREDICTORES DE LA DISPOSICIÓN PROSOCIAL Y ANTISOCIAL DE LOS ADOLESCENTES. María Vicenta Mestre Escrivá, Paula Samper García y Dolores Frías-Navarro Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 36, 4, 2004. Monográfico dedicado a Psicología de la Adolescencia.

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Escriva, VM; Garcia, PS; Navarro, DF

The purpose of this paper is to analyse personality and family variables related to adolescent aggressiveness and prosocial behaviour; emphasis has been placed on emotional processes linked to a lack of control or emotional regulation and child-rearing styles perceived by adolescents in their parents. An empirical analysis was carried out including 1.285 randomly selected adolescents (aged 13 to 18; 698 males and 597 females). Discriminating analyses were conducted. Results showed that emotional processes reach higher correlation with aggressive behaviour, emotional instability and proneness to anger being the main predicting factors of aggressiveness, while empathy appears like the main predictor of prosocial behaviour. The parents’ child-rearing styles have a secondary position in drawing the differential profile between high and low prosocial proneness, behind personal variables and are moved by emotional processes in prediction of aggressive behaviour.

 

2004.  LA MEDIDA DE LA EMPATÍA: ANÁLISIS DEL INTERPERSONAL REACTIVITY INDEX.Vicenta Mestre Escrivá, Dolores Frías-Navarro y Paula Samper García, Psicothema, 2004

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Escriva VM, Navarro MDF, Garcia PS

Measuring empathy: The Interpersonal Reactivity Index. The main aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) (Davis, 1980, 1983) in its Spanish adaptation. It is one of the questionnaires but used to evaluate the empathy from a multidimensional perspective that includes two cognitive factors and two emotional. The Spanish adaptation has been carried out with a wide sample of fellows belonging to different educational centers of the Valencian Community (1.285 adolescents, 698 males and 597 women, with an age range between 13 and 18 years). The results of this study indicate the validity of the instrument to evaluate the different components of the empathy.

starburstInstrument: Interpersonal Reactivity Index (I.R.I., Davis, 1980): (English (means), Español

 

***********************************2003*************************

2003.  PSICOLOGÍA CLÍNICA BASADA EN PRUEBAS: EFECTO DEL TRATAMIENTO. Dolores Frías-Navarro y Juan Pascual Llobell Papeles del Psicólogo, 85, 2003

The practice of Evidence-Based Clinical Psychology means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external clinical evidence from systematic research. Evidence-Based Psychology (EBP) is an approach that promotes the collection, interpretation, and integration of valid, important and applicable patient-reported, clinician-observed, and research-derived evidence. It is dependent on the use of randomised controlled trials, as well as systematic reviews of a series of trials and meta-analysis, although it is not restricted to these. Evidence-Based Psychology follows four steps: formulate a clear clinical question from a patient’s problem; search the literature for relevant clinical articles; evaluate (critically appraise) the evidence for its validity and usefulness; implement useful findings in clinical practice. [espiral03CITAS]

 

2003.  ESTILOS DE CRIANZA Y VARIABLES PERSONALES COMO FACTORES DE RIESGO DE LA CONDUCTA AGRESIVA. María Vicente Mestre Escrivá, Dolores Frías-Navarro, Paula Samper García y María José Nacher Revista Mexicana de Psicología, 20, 2, 189-199, 2003

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Escriva VM, Navarro DF, Garcia PS, Pons MJN

Parenting styles and personal variables as risk factors of aggressive behaviour. The purpose of this paper is to analyze personality and family variables related to adolescent aggressiveness, emphasis being placed on emotional processes linked to a lack of control or emotional regulation and child-rearing styles perceived in their parents by adolescents. An empirical analysis was carried out including 1,285 randomly selected youngsters (aged 13 to 18, 698 males and 597 females). The discriminating analyses conducted show that emotional processes reach higher correlation with aggressive behavior, emotional instability and proneness to anger being the main predicting factors of aggressiveness. The parents' child-rearing styles have a secondary position in drawing the differential profile between high and low aggressiveness individuals, particularly male ones.

 

***********************************2002*************************

2002  PROCESOS COGNITIVOS Y EMOCIONALES PREDICTORES DE LA CONDUCTA PROSOCIAL Y AGRESIVA: LA EMPATÍA COMO FACTOR MODULADOR.M. V. Mestre Escrivá, P. Samper García y D. Frías-Navarro, Psicothema, 14, 2, 227-232, 2002

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Author(s): Escriva, MVM; Garcia, PS; Navarro, MDF

Cognitive and emotional processes as predictors of pro-social behaviour and aggressive conduct: empathy as a modulating factor. The objective of this research is to review some cognitive and emotional processes that regulate pro-social behaviour and aggressive conduct in adolescence, emphasis being placed on empathic processes. An empirical study has been carried out including 1,285 randomly selected adolescents (aged 13-18, 698 male / 597 female). The discriminating analyses conducted point out that emotional processes reach higher correlation with aggressive conduct and pro-social behaviour, emotional instability standing out as the main aggressiveness predictor, and non-impulsive, ‘positive’ and empathic emotionality as the best predictor for pro-social behaviour. On the contrary, pro-social reasoning processes followed by adolescents in opting for a given help conduct are less relevant to the prediction of such behaviours. [espiral03CITAS]

 

2002  ADAPATCIÓN Y VALIDACIÓN EN POBLACIÓN ESPAÑOLA DEL PROM: UNA MEDIDA OBJETIVA DEL RAZONAMIENTO MORAL PROSOCIAL

. M.V. Mestre Escrivá, D. Frías-Navarro, P. Samper García y A. Tur, Acción Psicológica, 3, 2, 221-232, 2002.

Adaptation and validation of prom in a Spanish population: objective measurement of pro-social moral reasoning. The assessment of pro-social moral reasoning through objective measurement is considered an important attainment in pro-social development research in recent decades. Based on N. Eisenberg’s theory, PROM (Carlo et al., 1992) can objectively measure reasoning cognitive processes related to pro-social behaviour. This paper presents the adaptation and accreditation of this instrument for a Spanish adolescent population. The randomisation of the selected sample, its wide scope, and the reliability and validity of the results obtained make PROM a suitable instrument for evaluating the different pro-social reasoning types related to aid conduct amongst adolescents.

 

***********************************2000*************************

2000.  TAMAÑO DEL EFECTO DEL TRATAMIENTO Y SIGNIFICACIÓN ESTADÍSTICA. Dolores Frías-Navarro, Juan Pascual Llobell y José Fernando García Pérez, Psicothema, 12, 2, 236-240, 2000

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Navarro, MDF; Llobell, JP; Perez, JFG

Effect size and statistical significance. Currently, there is a growing interest in the study of the sensitive and validity of the statistical conclusions of experimental design. Although most of books on experimental design stress these issues, many students on applied psychology still do not take advantage of these advances, as can be deduced by low statistical power. The goal of this article is to examine the impact of the guidelines of the editorial Board of peer reviewed respect to the computation and interpretation of the measures of effect size as well as the values of statistical significance. [espiral03CITAS]

 

2000.  PRUEBA DE ALEATORIZACIÓN VS. DISTRIBUCIÓN F CUANDO LA ESCALA DE MEDIDA DE LA VARIABLE DEPENDIENTE ES DISCRETA Y EL DISEÑO EXPERIMENTAL.José Fernando García Pérez, Dolores Frías- Navarro y Juan Pascual Llobell, Psicothema, 12, 2, 253-256, 2000

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Perez, JFG; Navarro, MDF; Llobell, JP

Randomness tests versus F-distribution when the measurement scale is discrete. The aim of this research is to examine the influence of sample size on the statistical validity of experimental designs (i.e. assuming random assignment and direct manipulation) when the dependent variable is discrete and measured in an ordinal scale, which is distributed as a rectangular distribution -any point of the sample space is equally likely. The dependent variables in the psychological studies always are not continuous and, even in this case, frequently, it is difficult to guaranteed the normality assumption. In this paper we constructed a sample distribution of the F statistic for the ordinal and discrete scale, and we compare this distribution which the classical distributions which assume that the dependent variable is normally distributed.

 

2000.   SIGNIFICACIÓN ESTADÍSTICA, IMPORTANCIA DEL EFECTO Y REPLICABILIDAD DE LOS DATOS.Juan Pascual Llobell, José Fernando García Pérez y Dolores Frías-Navarro Psicothema, 12, 2, 408-412, 2000

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Llobell, JP; Perez, JFG; Navarro, MDF

Statistical significance and replicability of the data. This paper analyses the relationship between the concepts of statistical significance (level of probability, p) and replicability. The level of statistical significance (for example, p = 0.01) indicates the probability of the data under the null hypothesis assumption, however, this does not mean that in a later replication the probability to obtain significant differences will be the complementary, 0.99. If correctly understood, replicability is exclusively related to the reliability and consistency of the data. The only way to evaluate reliability is through repeated empirical tests. [espiral03CITAS]

 

2000.  EL PROCEDIMIENTO DE SIGNIFICACIÓN ESTADÍSTICA (NHST): SU TRAYECTORIA Y ACTUALIDAD. Pascual, J., Frías-Navarro, D. y García, J. F. (2000). Revista de Historia de la Psicología, 21, 9-26.

Null hypothesis significance test (NHST): development and prospect. The standard hypothesis testing method has a number of well-known logical fallacies and the results of the procedures are often misinterpreted. Many scholars have suggested that, perhaps, NHST should be abandoned altogether in favour of other bases for conclusions such as confidence intervals and effect size estimates. Other researchers are often interested in testing the hypothesis that the effects of treatments, interventions, etc. are negligibly small rather than testing the hypothesis that treatments have no effects whatsoever.

 

***********************************1999*************************

1999.  POTENCIA ESTADÍSTICA DEL DISEÑO DE SOLOMON.José Fernando García Pérez, Dolores Frías-Navarro y Juan Pascual Llobell, Psicothema, 11, 2, 431-436,  1999

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): Perez JFG, Navarro DF, Llobell JP

Statistical power of Solomon design. This article describes the use and statistical treatment of the Solomon Four Experimental Design. Campbell and Stanley (1963) noted "the Solomon Four Experimental Design has higher prestige and represent the first explicit consideration of external validity factors". Broad applicability of the Solomon Four Experimental Design has been limited in research (Braver y Braver, 1988). Perhaps the most important reason why the Solomon design is underused is the lack of certainty concerning the proper statistical treatment of this rather complicated design. Braver & Braver (1988) proposed a meta-analysis approach to test the efficacy of an intervention in the Solomon Four Design. In their article Braver and Braver provide a rationale for the sequence of decisions at each point in the algorithm, but make no attempt to estimate the effect of sequential tests on the experiment-wise error rates.

 

***********************************1996*************************

1996.  DTM: DETERMINACIÓN DEL TAMAÑO DE LA MUESTRA EN EL ENTORNO SPSS. Dolores Frías-Navarro, Juan Pascual Llobell y José Fernando García Pérez. Psicológica, 17, 2, 297-305, 1996.

DTM: Determining the sample size in SPSS environment. Describes an iterative calculation method for determining sample size using the SPSS statistical software program. The relation of statistical power, error probability, effect size, number of observations and experimental plan are considered. Power calculation and calculation algorithms and precision are explained.

1996. El cuestionario de Problemas Sociomorales (DIT) de J. Rest: baremos para su aplicación en población española. Mestre Escrivá, M, Frías-Navarro, D. & Pérez Delgado, E. Psicológica.

***********************************1994*************************

1994.  AUTOESTIMA Y DEPRESIÓN EN NIÑOS. Del Barrio Gándara, María Victoria., Dolores Frías-Navarro, y Mestre Escrivá, María Vicenta. Revista de Psicología General y Aplicada, 47, 4, 471-476, 1994.

1994.  Estimación de la fiabilidad de datos observacionales. Gemma Pons Salvador & Dolores Frías Navarro. Psicológica.

1994.  EMOTIONAL AND COGNITIVE ADJUSTMENT IN ABUSED CHILDREN Cerezo, M.A. &. Dolores Frías-Navarro. Child Abuse & Neglect, 18, 11, 923-932.

Citados los autores en el ISI como: Author(s): CEREZO, MA; FRIAS, D

Emotional and cognitive adjustment in abused children. Research on the impact of maltreatment on children has increased in the last years, as there is a need to design appropriate treatment strategies. Social, cognitive, and emotional areas may be affected in these children. This research is aimed to study the psychological functioning of child victims, particularly in their emotional and cognitive adjustment. Nineteen children (10.3 years old) with case histories of at least 2 years of physical and emotional parental abuse and a group of 26 no maltreated children (9.4 years old) matched in socio-economic characteristics and coming from the same community area were compared in depressive symptomatology and attributional style by using the standardized measures from Kovacs' Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and Kaslow's Children Attributional Style Questionnaire (CASQ). General and detailed statistical analyses on the emotional and cognitive areas assessed showed significant differences between groups. Child victims showed greater feelings of sadness, lower self-esteem and self- worth, and they perceived the aversive events in their lives as unpredictable which generated helplessness. This is a result of their lack of control of those aversive events. Results are contrasted with those obtained by other researchers who used similar methodology and are discussed in terms of the learned helplessness' model proposed and developed by Seligman, Kaslow, Alloy, Peterson, Tanenbaum, and Abramson (1984). Implications for the child abuse victims' emotional and cognitive rehabilitation are also analyzed and discussed. [espiral03CITAS]

***********************************1992*************************

1992.  ESTRUCTURA FAMILIAR Y DEPRESIÓN INFANTIL. Frías-Navarro, D., Mestre, V., Del Barrio, V., García-Ros (1992). Evaluación Anuario de Psicología, 52, 121-131.

Family structure and childhood depression. The issue of structure family is examined in terms of its effect on childhood depression. The subjects were 1.286 children from Valencia (Spain). The study findings show no significant differences among children from families intactes and monoparentales. The analysis of variance revealed significant effect due to birth order and size family. [espiral03CITAS]

***********************************1991*************************

1991.  CHILDREN’S DEPRESSION INVENTORY (CDI): SUS CARACTERÍSTICAS PSICOMÉTRICAS EN POBLACIÓN EXTRANJERA Y ESPAÑOLA. Frías-Navarro, D., Barrio, V. del y Mestre, V. (1991). Evaluación Psicológica/ Psychological Assessment 7, 377-391. [espiral03CITAS]

 

 

 

 


Material en preparación: doloresgm2016@gmail.com

ruler-pulses

naranjanaranjaLÍNEAS ACTUALES DE INVESTIGACIÓNnaranjanaranja

·         1. DISEÑO Y ANÁLISIS EN PSICOLOGÍA APLICADA

*     Descripción: Planificación de la Investigación / Diseño experimental / Diseño no-experimental / Psicología aplicada / Análisis de datos en Psicología / Experimentación en Psicología / Ética de la investigación y de la Ciencia en Psicología / Técnicas e instrumentos de medición psicológica y social / Validez y Fiabilidad / Tratamiento estadístico e informático de datos / Modelos Causales / Control del sesgo de selección: Propensity Score / Usos y abusos del contraste de hipótesis estadísticas / Significación práctica, clínica o social /

§  POTENCIA ESTADÍSTICA

§  TAMAÑO DEL EFECTO

§  MÉTODOS DE INVESTIGACIÓN

·      2. PRÁCTICA BASADA EN LA EVIDENCIA (PBE) Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology, EBPP

*     Descripción: Evidencia científica / Práctica Basada en la Evidencia / Psicología Basada en la Evidencia / Coste/eficacia / Eficacia del tratamiento / Efectividad del tratamiento / Significado del efecto / / Documentación Científica / Elaboración y presentación del informe de investigación / Lectura y valoración crítica de los informes de investigación / Análisis de los protocolos estandarizados de presentación de los informes de investigación

§ EFICACIA Y EFECTIVIDAD DE LA INTERVENCIÓN PSICOLÓGICA

·      3. NUEVAS METODOLOGÍAS DE ENSEÑANZA EN LA UNIVERSIDAD DEL SIGLO XXI

*     Descripción: Proceso de Enseñanza-Aprendizaje / Trabajo colaborativo / Desarrollo de competencias / Evaluación de competencias / Formación mediante proyectos de investigación / Uno del portafolio del alumno / Aplicación de la analogía y el cine a la enseñanza de la metodología / Docencia y desarrollo de la Web 2.0

·      4. MOVILIDAD HUMANA

*     Descripción: Estudio de los aspectos psicológicos y sociales relacionados con las migraciones / Cambio de actitudes / Expresión sutil y manifiesta del prejuicio / Estudio del prejuicio moderno relacionado con el racismo, la homofobia o el sexismo / Familia y diversidad

Blogs:

Ø  Statistical Modeling, Causal Inference, and Social Science (Gelman)

Ø  Error Statistics Philosophy (Deborah Mayo)

Ø  R bloggers

Ø  Data Colada [Leif Nelson, Joe Simmons, and Uri Simonsohn] (p curve; http://www.p-curve.com)

Ø  Introduction to the New Statistics.

-CANALES YOUTUBE

Ø REME-I Investigación

-VIDEOS INTERESANTE

Ø P-Hacking: Crash Course Statistics #30. CrashCourse.

Ø How Scientists Manipulate Research With P-Value.

Ø Top 5 Things Wrong With Science.

-META-ANÁLISIS EN RED

Ø Multiple-Treatments Meta-Analysis. A Framework for Evaluating and Ranking Multiple Healthcare Technologies

Ø Artículo 1.

-HERRAMIENTAS DE ANÁLISIS

Ø ESTIMATION STATISTICS. BETA ANALYZE YOUR DATA WITH EFFECT SIZES

Ø Calculadoras, diseños de investigación

Ø ShinyApps: Experience Statistics

Ø META-ANALISIS:

§  Meta-Showdown Explorer

Ø Múltiples herramientas.

Ø  Para calcular el intervalo de confianza de una proporción:

o   http://vassarstats.net/

Ø  Para comparar porcentajes y si Intervalo de Confianza:

o   http://www.rossmanchance.com/ISIapplets.html

o   http://www.rossmanchance.com/applets/

Ø  INFORMACION PARA SPSS:

o   https://sites.google.com/a/lakeheadu.ca/bweaver/Home/statistics/spss/my-spss-page

o   https://sites.google.com/a/lakeheadu.ca/bweaver/Home/statistics

Ø  INFORMACION de ANÁLISIS ESTADÍSTICO:

o   http://www.isi-stats.com/

§  http://www.math.hope.edu/stats/

 

-BIBLIOTECA DE Imágenes de Jóvenes Emigrantes (BIJOE)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gay Marriage Timeline. History of the Same-Sex Marriage Debate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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