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Is it legitimate for the criminal justice system of a state under the rule of law to be guided by the idea of prevention at all costs? Is this an efficient method of combating crime? Recent measures taken in the national and international scene to fight terrorism open a very broad area for consideration from this point of view, with a great deal of problems to be analyzed that have direct impact not only on Penal and Procedural Law, but also on other fields, such as Criminology, Constitutional Law, Philosophy or History of Law. On the other hand, the significant increase of citizen protest movements as a result of the economic and social crisis has also led in recent times to a general tightening of rules regarding breach of the peace offences, both as regards criminal and administrative penalties. On this basis, it is necessary to consider, among other issues, if we are not witnessing a distortion of the democratic concept of Public Order.