Logo de la Universdad de Valencia Logo Instituto Interuniversitario López Piñero Logo del portal

Seminari: Spatial Concepts in the Historiography of Science: When to Claim that Science is Local?




Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen

University of Oulu

It has become increasingly common in historiography of science to understand science and its products as inherently local. But is it clear what the locality of science means? How about its opposites: globality or universality? In my talk, I have two main goals. First, I will consider what these concepts mean and in what relations they stand to each other. Are ‘local’ and ‘global’ or ‘universal’ inconsistent when applied to science? Could science be simultaneously local and global – and also universal? Answers to these questions are provided in light of scholarship in the historiography of science in past forty years. Second, I will consider under what circumstances claims regarding the locality, the globality and the universality of science are warranted. In other words, when historians of science are justified to make these kinds of claims? My view is based on a pragmatist notion of knowledge, according to which a claim is knowledge when it is a licensed inference in the discursive framework of historiography. The licence of an inference hinges on both the conceptual entailments of the framework and material resources beyond it.   

DURACIÓN: 90 min