Llista de publicacions

  • Mesa redonda "¿Qué modelo de ciudad queremos?"

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, ha participado en la Mesa redonda "¿Qué modelo de ciudad queremos?”, celebrada el 17 de mayo de 2017 en el Teatro Auditorio de Catarroja, con el tema "Movilidad y tráfico" Dado su amplio conocimiento sobre la movilidad urbana y sobre el caso de Catarroja en concreto, el Dr. Alonso dio su visión sobre el tema a debate: la reducción del tráfico rodado y la posibilidad de peatonalizar algún tramo de la Av Diputación, arteria principal de la población.

  • Carreteras adaptadas a la población que envejece

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Mónica Alonso, Sergio Useche, Cristina Esteban.

    2017. Article

    Revista Carreteras. Num.212

    Hemos tardado décadas en tener consideración hacia el factor humano en el ámbito de la seguridad vial y todavía restan asignaturas pendientes a profundizar como el atender a las diferencias individuales. A nadie se le escapa el hecho indiscutible de que la población está envejeciendo. El aumento de la esperanza de vida, unido a la disminución de la natalidad, ha supuesto un envejecimiento acelerado de la población. Al igual que adaptamos los distintos entornos de la vida cotidiana a la población que envejece, en el entorno viario y concretamente en el diseño de carreteras esta consideración no puede quedar relegada. En el presente artículo se realizan una serie de reflexiones sobre la...

    Hemos tardado décadas en tener consideración hacia el factor humano en el ámbito de la seguridad vial y todavía restan asignaturas pendientes a profundizar como el atender a las diferencias individuales. A nadie se le escapa el hecho indiscutible de que la población está envejeciendo. El aumento de la esperanza de vida, unido a la disminución de la natalidad, ha supuesto un envejecimiento acelerado de la población. Al igual que adaptamos los distintos entornos de la vida cotidiana a la población que envejece, en el entorno viario y concretamente en el diseño de carreteras esta consideración no puede quedar relegada. En el presente artículo se realizan una serie de reflexiones sobre la importancia de realizar esta adaptación y sobre cuáles son las principales necesidades y capacidades diferenciales de los mayores respecto al resto de la población en general. Finalmente se discutirán posibles medidas para realizar dicha necesaria adaptación.

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    ISSN: 0212-6389
  • 13th PRI World Congress on : "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues"

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartido la ponencia “Driver-Vehicle Interaction: Strategies & Services to maximize Positive Effects of Technology“ en el 13th PRI World Congress on: "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues”, celebrado del 3 al 7 de mayo de 2017 en Túnez. En armonía total con los temas globales contenidos en el Plan Global para el Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 que fue ampliado por la Declaración de Brasilia hasta 2030, los pilares del Congreso son "Gestión de la seguridad vial", "Carreteras más seguras y movilidad" , "Vehículos más seguros", " Usuarios de la carretera más seguros" y "Respuesta post-accidente"

  • XIII Encuentro Nacional de Excarcelación y I Encuentro Nacional de Trauma

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha colaborado con la ponencia “Prevención de los traumatismos viales desde el factor humano y la salud vial en el caso español” en el XIII Encuentro Nacional de Excarcelación y I Encuentro Nacional de Trauma, evento celebrado en el Campus de Tarongers de la Universidad de Valencia del 2 al 5 de mayo de 2017 y organizado por la Universidad de Valencia y el Consorcio Provincial de Bomberos de Valencia con el objetivo de enriquecer las relaciones institucionales y potenciar y desarrollar los conocimientos y habilidades de actuación ante un rescate de accidente de tráfico, tanto de la manera de proceder en el rescate como de la primera asistencia sanitaria necesaria.

  • Alcohol Consumption, Smoking, Job Stress and Road Safety in Professional Drivers

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio A Useche, Andrea Serge, Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban.

    2017. Article

    Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy. Num.8(2)

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ),...

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ), and c) self-reported habits related to addictive behaviors, in particular smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: It was found that 20.3% of professional drivers have the habit of actively consuming tobacco, and 27.9% of drinking alcohol regularly. Furthermore, 28% of the sample presents Job Strain. Further, significant trends between smoking and: a) gender (i.e., being a male driver), and b) the fact of having Job Strain was found. Regarding alcohol consumption, two-step cluster analysis allowed to establish profiles of drivers when combining the fact of drinking alcohol regularly (or not) and the self-reported rates of fines and traffic accidents registered for the last two years. Finally, significant differences in Job Strain were established between drivers in both clusters, being the mean score higher for drivers reporting regular alcohol consumption and higher rates of fines and crashes. Conclusion: This research suggests the need for the development of comprehensive interventions on psychosocial factors at work and lifestyle issues among professional drivers, based on the reported rates of the two addressed addictive behaviors and its relationship to adverse health, occupational and safety outcomes.

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000321
    ISSN: 2155-6105
  • Burnout, Job strain and road accidents in the field of public transportation: The case of city bus drivers

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio A. Useche, Francisco Alonso, Boris E. Cendales, Renata Autukevičiūtė, Andrea Serge

    2017. Article

    Journal of Environmental and Occupational Science. Num.6(1)

    Introduction: The widely documented relationship between psychosocial work factors and occupational accidents has not been translated into intervention strategies in some high-risk occupational groups, such as public transport drivers. According to the recent scientific evidence, city bus drivers tend to present high levels of occupational stress, burnout, and accidents at work. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers, and associate their stress/burnout profile with their road incidents (road accidents + fines) reported in the past 2 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample was formed by 222 Colombian male city bus...

    Introduction: The widely documented relationship between psychosocial work factors and occupational accidents has not been translated into intervention strategies in some high-risk occupational groups, such as public transport drivers. According to the recent scientific evidence, city bus drivers tend to present high levels of occupational stress, burnout, and accidents at work. Aim: The aim of this study was to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers, and associate their stress/burnout profile with their road incidents (road accidents + fines) reported in the past 2 years. Materials and Methods: The study sample was formed by 222 Colombian male city bus drivers with an average of 41.36 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 18.63 years and, in average 6.82 years working in their current transport company. The study participants had a mean of 0.51 road accidents and 1.19 traffic fines in the past 2 years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by four sections: (a) Demographics, (b) job strain (Karasek’s job content questionnaire), (c) burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory), and (d) self-reported health. Data collection process was conducted in 2014-2015 and analyzes along 2016. Results: A high proportion of city bus drivers report job strain (40.5%). The average scores of emotional exhaustion (X = 21.01) and cynicism (X = 17.88) were also high. Cluster analysis was used to characterize the job strain/burnout profile of professional bus drivers. Two job strain/burnout profiles significantly different were found (low job strain/burnout: n = 34.3% and high job strain/burnout: n = 65.7%). The bus drivers with high job strain/burnout profile reported significantly more accidents than those with low job strain/burnout profile (F(2.216) = 269.1, P = 0.00). Conclusions: This study confirms that the prevalence of occupational stress and burnout are significantly high among Colombian bus drivers. In addition, it was found that the bus drivers’ job strain/burnout profile is related to their performance behind the wheel. Therefore, the intervention on these factors represents a potentially successful strategy for the prevention of road accidents and risk behaviors that lead to penalties and fines.

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.5455/jeos.20170202074636
    ISSN: 2146-8311
  • Shift-Work and Mental Health Problems in Vulnerable Occupational Groups

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio A Useche, Francisco Alonso, Boris E Cendales

    2017. Article

    EC Psychology and Psychiatry. Num.3(2)

  • Drivers’ Opinion on the Driver Selection System and the Possible New Models in Spain

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio A. Useche, Andrea Serge

    2017. Article

    International Journal of Health Economics and Policy. Num.2(3)

    One of the objectives of the driver selection system in Spain is to determine if drivers have any psychophysical disorders that may impair their driving, in order to show the psychophysical aptitudes of people when obtaining or renewing a driving license. The general objective of this research was to understand drivers’ opinions on the reliability and exhaustiveness of the actual selection of driver systems, as well as whether drivers agreed with the proposal of suspending the driving license after a medical check-up, if necessary. For this national study, it was used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to...

    One of the objectives of the driver selection system in Spain is to determine if drivers have any psychophysical disorders that may impair their driving, in order to show the psychophysical aptitudes of people when obtaining or renewing a driving license. The general objective of this research was to understand drivers’ opinions on the reliability and exhaustiveness of the actual selection of driver systems, as well as whether drivers agreed with the proposal of suspending the driving license after a medical check-up, if necessary. For this national study, it was used a total sample of n=1200 (666 [56%] men and 534 [44%] women) Spanish drivers, who answered a questionnaire designed to collect data about psychosocial characteristics and their perceptions about the driver selection system and their driving habits and conditions. More than half of the drivers considered that the process to assess their psychophysical aptitudes at the Centers for Selection of Drivers was unreliable or very unreliable. On the contrary, a high percentage of drivers considered that it was appropriate to temporarily suspend their driving license after a check-up, when it was necessary. It was concluded, in other words, that drivers have not enough confidence in the current driver selection system

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    DOI: 10.11648/j.hep.20170203.15
  • The Importance of Fatigue-Monitoring as a Tool for the Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS)

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio A Useche i Francisco Alonso

    2017. Article

    EC Neurology. Num.5

  • Perception of Road Safety in Children's Environment

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Francisco Tortosa i Sergio Useche

    2017. Article

    American Journal of Educational Research. Num.5

    Recent evidence has shown that children constitute a key population group regarding traffic accidents, being consequences of crashes involving children a major factor affecting their physical and mental integrity and welfare. Furthermore, it has been also stated that if children perceive existing risks on their environment in an accurate manner, probably their safety outcomes will be better than those registered in the long term by children who does not recognize some potential hazards. For this reason, it becomes relevant the task to study the perceptions related to road safety in the children’s environment, both for them as from their parents, who are their primary caregivers and...

    Recent evidence has shown that children constitute a key population group regarding traffic accidents, being consequences of crashes involving children a major factor affecting their physical and mental integrity and welfare. Furthermore, it has been also stated that if children perceive existing risks on their environment in an accurate manner, probably their safety outcomes will be better than those registered in the long term by children who does not recognize some potential hazards. For this reason, it becomes relevant the task to study the perceptions related to road safety in the children’s environment, both for them as from their parents, who are their primary caregivers and companions on their daily trips. The central objective of this study was to describe the factors related to the perception of road safety in the children's environment and how different environmental factors affect it, from the perspective of children and their parents. As results, it was found that almost 70% of children feel safe when they circulate by their city as pedestrians; on the other hand, but 13% of them perceives this scenario as quite unsafe. The main reasons for perceiving road environment as unsafe were the amount of traffic (40%), disrespect for traffic rules (31%), and road insecurity in general (20%). On the other hand, small-size of cities (33%), good status of road safety (28%) and little traffic (20%) are associated to a safe perception of cities or towns. It has been also observed that children usually perceive safety in their environment when favorable measures for pedestrian are implemented, such as the case of pedestrian crossings, semaphores and broader sidewalks. In many cases, children perceive environments as safe spaces, but there are many environmental elements and factors related to road traffic that must be addressed by public agencies to improve both the safety perception as objective road safety for children.

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-7
    ISSN: 2327-6126
 
 
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