Logo de la Universitat de València Logo del portal

  • INTRAS

Llista de publicacions

  • Effect of Road Safety Education on road risky behaviors of Spanish children and adolescents: findings from a national study

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer.

    2018. Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Num.15(12), 2828

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky...

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky behavior of Spanish students. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 4062 (51.5% males and 48.5% females) participants attending primary (47.5%), secondary (40.7%), and high school (11.7%) was gathered through a national survey on RSE and road behaviors. Results: A set of significant associations between demographic factors, RSE variables, and self-reported road behaviors was found. Furthermore, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) allowed us to establish that age and observed misbehaviors (positively), and attitudes towards road safety and risk perception (negatively), have a direct link with the road risky behavior of children and young people. The knowledge of traffic rules was not a significant predictor of road behavior. Conclusions: The results of this study show that, together with demographic factors such as age, RSE-related variables have an effect on the road behavior of children and young people. They also suggest the need for strengthening actions to be implemented in road safety (Road Safety Education) at scholar and community levels

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15122828
    ISSN: 1660-4601
  • Working Conditions, Job Strain, and Traffic Safety among Three Groups of Public Transport Drivers

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Viviola Gómez, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso.

    2018. Article

    Safety and Health at Work. Num.9(4):454-461

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of...

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of sociodemographic and driving performance questions, including age, professional driving experience, work schedules, and accidents and penalties suffered in the last 2 years. Results: Analyses showed significant associations between measures of socio-labor variables and key performance indicators such road traffic accidents and penalties. Furthermore, multiple linear regression analysis contributed to explain significantly suffered accidents from key variables of the Job Demand-Control model, essentially from job strain. In addition, throughout post-hoc analyses, significant differences were found in terms of perceived social support, job strain, and job insecurity. Conclusion: Work stress is an issue that compromises the safety of professional drivers. This research provides evidence supporting a significant effect of job strain on the professional driver’s performance. Moreover, the statistically significant differences between taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers in their expositions to work-related stress suggest the need for tailored occupational safety interventions on each occupational group.

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2018.01.003
    ISSN: 2093-7911
  • Explaining self-reported traffic crashes of cyclists: An empirical study based on age and road risky behaviors

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    Safety Science. Num.113:105-114

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of...

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of norms, and suffered cycling crashes. Results: Using Structural Equation Models, it was found that crash rates in cyclists could be explained through risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of traffic norms and cycling intensity. Through a multi-group path model differentiating cyclists by age group, it was also found that cycling intensity has a differential impact on self-reported crashes in older (age > 25) and younger (age<=25) cyclists. Conclusions: This study suggests that risky behaviors mediate the relationship between the individual factors and the crash rates of cyclists, and that age exerts an important effect in the variation of the explanatory structure of the model. The design of educational tools would be useful for promoting not only the avoidance of risky behaviors, but also a generalized awareness on road safety issues. Practical applications: This research provides an empirical precedent in the study of the impact of factors related to risky behaviors on the road and to safety outcomes of cyclists.

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.021
    ISSN: 0925-7535
  • 7ª edició de la Universitat de Tardor d'Énguera (UOE)

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartit la Conferència: "Seguretat vial en l'era de les TIC" en la 7ª edició de la Universitat de Tardor d'Énguera que, amb el lema "Enguera i la seva Comarca. Nous reptes socials , econòmics i educatius "s'ha celebrat del 6 al 8 de novembre de 2018 a aquesta població. Organitzada pel Vicerectorat de Projecció Territorial i Societat de la Universitat de València, en col·laboració amb l'Ajuntament d'Enguera i l'IES Enguera, i mitjançant la coordinació del professor Pedro Morillo, pretén aproximar Enguera i la seva comarca a la universitat per intentar afrontar els nous reptes econòmics i socials des de la formació. Està plantejada per a diferents tipus de...

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartit la Conferència: "Seguretat vial en l'era de les TIC" en la 7ª edició de la Universitat de Tardor d'Énguera que, amb el lema "Enguera i la seva Comarca. Nous reptes socials , econòmics i educatius "s'ha celebrat del 6 al 8 de novembre de 2018 a aquesta població. Organitzada pel Vicerectorat de Projecció Territorial i Societat de la Universitat de València, en col·laboració amb l'Ajuntament d'Enguera i l'IES Enguera, i mitjançant la coordinació del professor Pedro Morillo, pretén aproximar Enguera i la seva comarca a la universitat per intentar afrontar els nous reptes econòmics i socials des de la formació. Està plantejada per a diferents tipus de públics, des d'estudiants d'ensenyaments mitjans, cicles formatius o universitaris, fins a professors, jubilats, aturats, tècnics de l'administració i qualsevol altre col·lectiu.

    Llegir mésOcultar
  • XI Congrés (Inter) Nacional de Psicologia Jurídica i Forense

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha participat en el XI Congrés (Inter) Nacional de Psicologia Jurídica i Forense celebrat a Granada del 1 al 3 de novembre de 2018, i organitzat per la Societat Espanyola de Psicologia Jurídica i Forense (SEPJF), amb la ponència "Posicionament i internacionalització de la psicologia del trànsit espanyola a Llatinoamèrica”, dins de la Taula d'Experts "El perfil de la psicologia del trànsit i de la seguretat en la cruïlla. Perspectives de present”

  • Jornada Tècnica de Seguretat Viària

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha participat a la taula rodona "Elements de seguretat enfocats al motorista", dins de la Jornada tècnica de seguretat viària organitzada per l'Associació Tècnica de Carreteres que, amb la temàtica "Obrint camins a la implantació de les noves tecnologies en seguretat viària ", s'ha celebrat a Logronyo el 25 i 26 d'octubre de 2018.

  • XVI Congrés COPARDOM sobre prevenció de riscos laborals: Empresa segura-Empresa sostenible

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartit la ponència "Sistemes de Gestió, intervencions i Bones Pràctiques en seguretat viària: Visió de la Universitat de València" al XVI Congrés COPARDOM sobre prevenció de riscos laborals: Empresa segura-Empresa sostenible , celebrat els dies 17 i 18 d'octubre de 2018 a Santo Domingo (República Dominicana)

  • XVI Congrés COPARDOM sobre prevenció de riscos laborals: Empresa segura-Empresa sostenible.

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Claudia Franchesca De Los Santos

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Durant els dies 17 i 18 d'octubre de 2018 s'ha celebrat a Santo Domingo (República Dominicana) el XVI Congrés COPARDOM sobre prevenció de riscos laborals: Empresa segura-Empresa sostenible, on el Dr. Francisco Alonso, Assessor del INTRANT , juntament amb la Ing. Claudia Franchesca de los Santos, Directora de l'INTRANT, van presentar la ponència "Cap al desenvolupament de la Seguretat Viària en el marc laboral des de la Llei 63-17 i el INTRANT: Reptes i Oportunitats"

  • Ig informal Lectures. IG Nobel Prize 2018

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dos dies després de rebre el Premi Ig Nobel de la Pau per la seva investigació reflectida en l'article científic "Shouting and Cursing While Driving: Frequency, Reasons, Perceived Risk and Punishment”, el Dr. Francisco Alonso va exposar el que van fer els autors i per què ho van fer en les "Ig informal Lectures", realitzades al MIT (Institut Tecnològic de Massachusetts), on els guanyadors estan disponibles perquè professors i alumnes puguin interactuar i realitzar les preguntes que considerin.

  • Distraction of cyclists: how does it influence their risky behaviors and traffic crashes?

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    Peer J. Num.6, e5616

    Background. Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic crashes and severe injuries derived from them. Furthermore, although the empirical evidence is still very limited in this regard, in addition to other human factors involved in cycling crashes, distractions while cycling appear to be a major contributor to the road risk of cyclists. Objectives. The main objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence and trends of cycling distractions within an international...

    Background. Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic crashes and severe injuries derived from them. Furthermore, although the empirical evidence is still very limited in this regard, in addition to other human factors involved in cycling crashes, distractions while cycling appear to be a major contributor to the road risk of cyclists. Objectives. The main objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence and trends of cycling distractions within an international sample of bike users, and second, to determine the influence of such distractions on road crashes suffered by cyclists, simultaneously considering the explanatory role of risky behaviors (errors and traffic violations) as potentially mediating variables between cycling distractions and traffic crashes. Methods. For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data obtained from 1,064 cyclists 61.2% male and 38.8% female from 20 different countries, who answered an on-line questionnaire on cycling-related features, habits, behaviors and accidents. Results. The prevalence of different cycling distractions oscillated between 34.7% and 83.6%. The most common distractions were those related to the behavior of other users, physical elements of the road, weather conditions and phone calls. Age trends and differences were also found, thus establishing a positive association between age and distractibility during cycling. Furthermore, the effect of distractions on traffic crashes of cyclists was significant when tested together with age, risk perception and risky behaviors on the road. Conclusion. The results of this study support the hypotheses that distractions have a major prevalence among bike users, and that they play a significant role in the prediction of the traffic crash rates of cyclists, through the mediation of risky behaviors.

    Llegir mésOcultar
    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5616
    ISSN: 2167-8359
 
 
Aquesta pàgina web utilitza cookies pròpies i de tercers amb fins tècnics , d'anàlisi del trànsit per facilitar la inserció de continguts en xarxes socials a petició de l'usuari . Si continua navegant , considerem que accepta el seu ús . Per a més informació consulte la nostrapolítica cookies