Llista de publicacions

  • Infrastructural and Human Factors affecting Safety Outcomes of Cyclists

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio A. Useche; Luis Montoro; Francisco Alonso; Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios

    2018. Article

    Sustainability. Num.10(2)

    The increasing number of registered road crashes involving cyclists during the last decade and the high proportion of road crashes resulting in severe injuries and fatalities among cyclists constitutes a global issue for community health, urban development and sustainability. Nowadays, the incidence of many risk factors for road crashes of cyclists remains largely unexplained. Given the importance of this issue, the present study has been conducted with the aim of determining relationships between infrastructural, human factors and safety outcomes of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed, first, to examine the relationship between key infrastructural and human factors present in cycling,...

    The increasing number of registered road crashes involving cyclists during the last decade and the high proportion of road crashes resulting in severe injuries and fatalities among cyclists constitutes a global issue for community health, urban development and sustainability. Nowadays, the incidence of many risk factors for road crashes of cyclists remains largely unexplained. Given the importance of this issue, the present study has been conducted with the aim of determining relationships between infrastructural, human factors and safety outcomes of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed, first, to examine the relationship between key infrastructural and human factors present in cycling, bicycle-user characteristics and their self-reported experience with road crashes. And second, to determine whether a set of key infrastructural and human factors may predict their self-reported road crashes. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a total of 1064 cyclists (38.8% women, 61.2% men; M = 32.8 years of age) from 20 different countries across Europe, South America and North America, participated in an online survey composed of four sections: demographic data and cycling-related factors, human factors, perceptions on infrastructural factors and road crashes suffered. Results: The results of this study showed significant associations between human factors, infrastructural conditions and self-reported road crashes. Also, a logistic regression model found that self-reported road crashes of cyclists could be predicted through variables such as age, riding intensity, risky behaviours and problematic user/infrastructure interactions. Conclusions: The results of this study suggest that self-reported road crashes of cyclists are influenced by features related to the user and their interaction with infrastructural characteristics of the road.

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    DOI: 10.3390/su10020299
    ISSN: 2071-1050
  • IV Jornadas sobre movilidad urbana y seguridad vial

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, va impartit la ponència “Ús de Drons en la Mobilitat Urbana i la Seguretat Viària”, dins el tema “Noves tecnologies aplicades a la seguretat viària urbana”, que va formar part de les IV Jornades sobre Mobilitat Urbana i Seguretat Viària, celebrades a Madrid el 7 de novembre de 2017. Altres temes de què s’hi va tractar van ser: - Bones pràctiques i criteris per minimitzar el risc de les vies de flux mixt: vianant, bicicleta i vehicles de motor. - L’experiència de ciutats de grandària mitjana. - El problema de les grans ciutats

  • I Edición MXSV (México Seguridad Vial)

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, ha impartit la conferència magistral "Principis per a la gestió de la Seguretat Viària a nivell Nacional" en la I edició de MXSV (México Seguridad Vial), que va organitzar MXINFRAESTRUCTURE el 24 d’octubre de 2017 a Mèxic. MXSV pretén expandir i cultivar la “cultura viària” a Mèxic i promoure les bones pràctiques en institucions públiques i privades. La MXSV és un espai per a conferències, exposicions i informació rellevant del sector.

  • Knowledge, perceived effectiveness and qualification of traffic rules, police supervision, sanctions and justice.

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Sergio A. Useche

    2017. Article

    Cogent Social Sciences. Num.3(1)

    Road safety is a complex process that not only depends on technical and environmental improvements, but in a major part from human factors. In this sense, recent empirical studies have remarked the need to study the interaction between subject and laws, at the glance of several elements preceding road behavior. This is the case of attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the field of road safety, factors that influence the interaction with issues such as traffic rules, police supervision, penalties and justice in traffic. The objective of this study was to describe the self-rated knowledge and perceptions regarding traffic norms and its interaction with road safety among drivers. For this...

    Road safety is a complex process that not only depends on technical and environmental improvements, but in a major part from human factors. In this sense, recent empirical studies have remarked the need to study the interaction between subject and laws, at the glance of several elements preceding road behavior. This is the case of attitudes, opinions and perceptions in the field of road safety, factors that influence the interaction with issues such as traffic rules, police supervision, penalties and justice in traffic. The objective of this study was to describe the self-rated knowledge and perceptions regarding traffic norms and its interaction with road safety among drivers. For this study, a sample of 1100 Spanish drivers was obtained from a national sampling process. The results showed that the clear majority of drivers consider they know in a sufficient manner the traffic norms, and consider them as effective. Concerning police supervision, almost 70% of them consider that it is effective, but generally assumes that traffic agents prefer to be located in strategical places to catch offenders, rather than in really dangerous places. Regarding sanctions, drivers conceived the punishment to road offenders principally as educational and tax-collection measures. Finally, the general assessment of justice in traffic provided by Spanish drivers has shown a regular-low valuation degree. The obtained results invite to discuss about the interaction between traffic norms and road user, with the aim of promoting a positive law enforcement as a manner to build road safety culture.

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    DOI: 10.1080/23311886.2017.1393855
    ISSN: 2331-1886
  • Behavioral Health in Child and Youth: The importance of Parental influence

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    2017. Article

    Journal of Juvenile Psychology and Behavioural Sciences. Num.1(1)

  • Mesa redonda "¿Qué modelo de ciudad queremos?"

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, ha participado en la Mesa redonda "¿Qué modelo de ciudad queremos?”, celebrada el 17 de mayo de 2017 en el Teatro Auditorio de Catarroja, con el tema "Movilidad y tráfico" Dado su amplio conocimiento sobre la movilidad urbana y sobre el caso de Catarroja en concreto, el Dr. Alonso dio su visión sobre el tema a debate: la reducción del tráfico rodado y la posibilidad de peatonalizar algún tramo de la Av Diputación, arteria principal de la población.

  • Carreteras adaptadas a la población que envejece

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Mónica Alonso, Sergio Useche, Cristina Esteban.

    2017. Article

    Revista Carreteras. Num.212

    Hemos tardado décadas en tener consideración hacia el factor humano en el ámbito de la seguridad vial y todavía restan asignaturas pendientes a profundizar como el atender a las diferencias individuales. A nadie se le escapa el hecho indiscutible de que la población está envejeciendo. El aumento de la esperanza de vida, unido a la disminución de la natalidad, ha supuesto un envejecimiento acelerado de la población. Al igual que adaptamos los distintos entornos de la vida cotidiana a la población que envejece, en el entorno viario y concretamente en el diseño de carreteras esta consideración no puede quedar relegada. En el presente artículo se realizan una serie de reflexiones sobre la...

    Hemos tardado décadas en tener consideración hacia el factor humano en el ámbito de la seguridad vial y todavía restan asignaturas pendientes a profundizar como el atender a las diferencias individuales. A nadie se le escapa el hecho indiscutible de que la población está envejeciendo. El aumento de la esperanza de vida, unido a la disminución de la natalidad, ha supuesto un envejecimiento acelerado de la población. Al igual que adaptamos los distintos entornos de la vida cotidiana a la población que envejece, en el entorno viario y concretamente en el diseño de carreteras esta consideración no puede quedar relegada. En el presente artículo se realizan una serie de reflexiones sobre la importancia de realizar esta adaptación y sobre cuáles son las principales necesidades y capacidades diferenciales de los mayores respecto al resto de la población en general. Finalmente se discutirán posibles medidas para realizar dicha necesaria adaptación.

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    ISSN: 0212-6389
  • 13th PRI World Congress on : "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues"

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartido la ponencia “Driver-Vehicle Interaction: Strategies & Services to maximize Positive Effects of Technology“ en el 13th PRI World Congress on: "Road Safety Governance: Challenges & Issues”, celebrado del 3 al 7 de mayo de 2017 en Túnez. En armonía total con los temas globales contenidos en el Plan Global para el Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 que fue ampliado por la Declaración de Brasilia hasta 2030, los pilares del Congreso son "Gestión de la seguridad vial", "Carreteras más seguras y movilidad" , "Vehículos más seguros", " Usuarios de la carretera más seguros" y "Respuesta post-accidente"

  • XIII Encuentro Nacional de Excarcelación y I Encuentro Nacional de Trauma

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso

    2017. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha colaborado con la ponencia “Prevención de los traumatismos viales desde el factor humano y la salud vial en el caso español” en el XIII Encuentro Nacional de Excarcelación y I Encuentro Nacional de Trauma, evento celebrado en el Campus de Tarongers de la Universidad de Valencia del 2 al 5 de mayo de 2017 y organizado por la Universidad de Valencia y el Consorcio Provincial de Bomberos de Valencia con el objetivo de enriquecer las relaciones institucionales y potenciar y desarrollar los conocimientos y habilidades de actuación ante un rescate de accidente de tráfico, tanto de la manera de proceder en el rescate como de la primera asistencia sanitaria necesaria.

  • Alcohol Consumption, Smoking, Job Stress and Road Safety in Professional Drivers

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio A Useche, Andrea Serge, Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban.

    2017. Article

    Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy. Num.8(2)

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ),...

    Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of two addictive behaviours-regular alcohol consumption and smoking-among professional drivers and its relationship to job stress and road safety. Methods: The study sample was composed by 2445 Colombian professional drivers with an average of 38.01 years of age, a mean of driving experience of 15.81 years and. in average 7.35 h of daily driving. Participants of this study had a mean of 0.41 road accidents and 0.50 traffic fines registered in the last two years. It was designed a questionnaire composed by three sections: a) socio-demographic data, including items such as gender, age, and driving habits, b) Job Strain (JCQ), and c) self-reported habits related to addictive behaviors, in particular smoking and alcohol consumption. Results: It was found that 20.3% of professional drivers have the habit of actively consuming tobacco, and 27.9% of drinking alcohol regularly. Furthermore, 28% of the sample presents Job Strain. Further, significant trends between smoking and: a) gender (i.e., being a male driver), and b) the fact of having Job Strain was found. Regarding alcohol consumption, two-step cluster analysis allowed to establish profiles of drivers when combining the fact of drinking alcohol regularly (or not) and the self-reported rates of fines and traffic accidents registered for the last two years. Finally, significant differences in Job Strain were established between drivers in both clusters, being the mean score higher for drivers reporting regular alcohol consumption and higher rates of fines and crashes. Conclusion: This research suggests the need for the development of comprehensive interventions on psychosocial factors at work and lifestyle issues among professional drivers, based on the reported rates of the two addressed addictive behaviors and its relationship to adverse health, occupational and safety outcomes.

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    DOI: 10.4172/2155-6105.1000321
    ISSN: 2155-6105
 
 
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