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  • Ig informal Lectures. IG Nobel Prize 2018

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    Dos días después de recibir el Premio Ig Nobel de la Paz por su investigación reflejada en el artículo científico "Shouting and Cursing While Driving: Frequency, Reasons, Perceived Risk and Punishment”, el Dr. Francisco Alonso expuso lo que hicieron los autores y por qué lo hicieron en las "Ig informal Lectures”, realizadas en el MIT (Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts), donde los ganadores están disponibles para que profesores y alumnos puedan interactuar y realizar las preguntas que consideren.

  • Distraction of cyclists: how does it influence their risky behaviors and traffic crashes?

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    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    Peer J. Num.6, e5616

    Background. Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic crashes and severe injuries derived from them. Furthermore, although the empirical evidence is still very limited in this regard, in addition to other human factors involved in cycling crashes, distractions while cycling appear to be a major contributor to the road risk of cyclists. Objectives. The main objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence and trends of cycling distractions within an international...

    Background. Undisputedly, traffic crashes constitute a public health concern whose impact and importance have been increasing during the past few decades. Specifically, road safety data have systematically shown how cyclists are highly vulnerable to suffering traffic crashes and severe injuries derived from them. Furthermore, although the empirical evidence is still very limited in this regard, in addition to other human factors involved in cycling crashes, distractions while cycling appear to be a major contributor to the road risk of cyclists. Objectives. The main objectives of this study were, first, to explore the prevalence and trends of cycling distractions within an international sample of bike users, and second, to determine the influence of such distractions on road crashes suffered by cyclists, simultaneously considering the explanatory role of risky behaviors (errors and traffic violations) as potentially mediating variables between cycling distractions and traffic crashes. Methods. For this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the data obtained from 1,064 cyclists 61.2% male and 38.8% female from 20 different countries, who answered an on-line questionnaire on cycling-related features, habits, behaviors and accidents. Results. The prevalence of different cycling distractions oscillated between 34.7% and 83.6%. The most common distractions were those related to the behavior of other users, physical elements of the road, weather conditions and phone calls. Age trends and differences were also found, thus establishing a positive association between age and distractibility during cycling. Furthermore, the effect of distractions on traffic crashes of cyclists was significant when tested together with age, risk perception and risky behaviors on the road. Conclusion. The results of this study support the hypotheses that distractions have a major prevalence among bike users, and that they play a significant role in the prediction of the traffic crash rates of cyclists, through the mediation of risky behaviors.

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    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5616
    ISSN: 2167-8359
  • Foro Yo soy paz

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartido la ponencia “Transitando hacia la Paz en las Calles” en el Foro Yo soy paz, celebrado el 21 de agosto de 2018 en el Instituto Técnico Superior Comunitario (ITSC) de República Dominicana, que organiza la Dirección General Sistema Nacional de Resolución de Conflictos (SINAREC) y que contó con la participación de la Directora Ejecutiva del INTRANT, Ing. Claudia Franchesca de los Santos, el Procurador General de la República, Jean Alain Rodríguez, y el Director del SINAREC, Ángel Gomera.

  • Jornada ITS en la República Dominicana

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartido la Conferencia de apertura "Hacia una movilidad conectada, segura, sostenible, eficiente y democrática” en la "Jornada ITS en la República Dominicana”, celebrada el 19 de julio de 2018 en Santo Domingo, y organizada por ITS, ITS Iberoamérica y el INTRAS. Alonso explicó que la información a los usuarios y la facilitación de información de los sistemas de transporte intermodal son factores importantes para ofrecer una respuesta a los usuarios de transporte público.

  • Does gender really matter? A structural equation model to explain risky and positive cycling behaviors

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    Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Francisco Alonso, Francisco Tortosa

    2018. Article

    Accident Analysis and Prevention. Num.118: 86–95

    Introduction: While the use of bicycles as mean of transport is growing worldwide, the increasing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists have turned into a relevant scientific, public health, and road safety concern. According to several studies, and despite the fact that some countries are taking part in preventive actions, the data indicate that the problem of cycling injuries implies high costs for the community welfare, for the economy, and for healthcare systems, thus proving a clear need for solutions. In this regard, and considering the available empirical evidence, risky and positive riding behaviors have gained significant weight in terms of explaining, intervening in, and...

    Introduction: While the use of bicycles as mean of transport is growing worldwide, the increasing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists have turned into a relevant scientific, public health, and road safety concern. According to several studies, and despite the fact that some countries are taking part in preventive actions, the data indicate that the problem of cycling injuries implies high costs for the community welfare, for the economy, and for healthcare systems, thus proving a clear need for solutions. In this regard, and considering the available empirical evidence, risky and positive riding behaviors have gained significant weight in terms of explaining, intervening in, and preventing traffic crashes of cyclists, and some evidence suggests that gender may influence the road behavior of users. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of gender on cyclists' risky and positive riding behavior, considering a set of demographic, psychosocial and bike-use-related variables as potential predictors. Method: For this cross-sectional study, data from 1064 cyclists (61.2% males and 38.8% females, aged between 17 and 80) from 20 countries, responding an electronic survey, were analyzed through a multi-group structural equation modeling approach. Results: Although hourly intensity, psychological distress and level of knowledge of traffic rules similarly predict the risky road behaviors of both genders, age and risk perception are significant behavioral predictors only in the case of male cyclists. On the other hand, positive behaviors of men are predicted by cycling intensity, knowledge of traffic rules and risk perception, while in the case of women psychological distress predicts -to a significant extent- positive behaviors. Age had no significant effect on the explanation of positive behaviors. Conclusion: The findings of this study support the influence of gender in the statistical explanation of risky and protective behaviors, and they also reveal differentiating variables predicting the riding behavior of male and female cyclists.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2018.05.022
    ISSN: 0001-4575
  • Patterns on Work-Related Stress and Tobacco Consumption in City Bus Drivers

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    Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro

    2018. Article

    Sage Open. Num.8(2):1-9

    Background: Work-related stress and addictive behaviors have been characterized as potential impairers for the health, welfare and safety of workers. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between work-related stress and the consumption of tobacco among city bus drivers, and the association of these two factors with the drivers’ rates of traffic incidents. Methods and Findings: For this study, 222 bus drivers responded to a questionnaire on individual work-related stress, self-rated lifestyle and health issues. Results showed that 21% of them were smokers, and 41% presented job strain. Significant associations were found between job strain and smoking, and between smoking...

    Background: Work-related stress and addictive behaviors have been characterized as potential impairers for the health, welfare and safety of workers. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between work-related stress and the consumption of tobacco among city bus drivers, and the association of these two factors with the drivers’ rates of traffic incidents. Methods and Findings: For this study, 222 bus drivers responded to a questionnaire on individual work-related stress, self-rated lifestyle and health issues. Results showed that 21% of them were smokers, and 41% presented job strain. Significant associations were found between job strain and smoking, and between smoking and traffic incidents. Two patterns were identified in work-related stress and tobacco consumption, finding significant differences between them in traffic incident records. Conclusions: Considering the adverse results for these factors, interventions on work-related stress and lifestyle issues may strengthen the promotion of health and the prevention of traffic incidents among public transport workers.

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    DOI: 10.1177/2158244018782336
    ISSN: 2158-2440
  • Tertulia-debate sobre seguridad vial

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha participado en la Mesa redonda “Factores que intervienen en la Seguridad Vial”, organizada por la Plataforma Motera para la Seguridad Vial con motivo de la celebración del Día Nacional de la Moto, y que ha tenido lugar en Valencia el 10 de junio de 2018.

  • Jornada sobre Movilidad Conectada

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha participado en la Apertura de la Jornada de Movilidad Conectada que se ha celebrado el 30 de mayo de 2018 en el Jardín Botánico de la Universidad de Valencia, organizada por ITS España y el INTRAS. Así mismo, ha impartido la ponencia "Movilidad Conectada: Componente esencial para un transporte más seguro, sostenible y eficiente” dentro de la temática "Gestión de la Movilidad conectada"

  • XVIII Congreso Español sobre Sistemas Inteligentes de Transporte

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartido la ponencia titulada “Movilidad Conectada: Componente esencial para un transporte más seguro, sostenible y eficiente” en el XVIII Congreso Español sobre Sistemas Inteligentes de Transporte, organizado por ITS España y celebrado del 17 al 19 de abril de 2018 en Madrid.

  • 3er Workshop AECLAB

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    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartido la ponencia "Deficiencias y limitaciones de los sistemas actuales en la gestión de la movilidad y la seguridad vial" dentro del 3er Workshop AECLAB, que se ha celebrado en Madrid el 5 de abril de 2018.

 
 
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