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Master's Degree in Secondary Education Teaching by the University of Valencia

Admission requirements to the specialisation in FP (Vocational training) - Health Sciences

Those who hold a degree (Licenciatura orDiplomatura)  en Medicine, Biology, Biochemistry, Biomedicine, Biotechnology, Pharmacy, Chemistry, Food Science and Technology, Human Nutrition and Dietetics, Dentistry, Psychology, Nursing, Podiatry, Physiotherapy, Speech Therapy, Optics and Optometry, Veterinary Science or Occupational Therapy can access this specialisation without having to take the entrance examination.
Those students that do not confirm having taken any of the degrees previously mentioned must have to pass an entrance examination that confirms their command – at a university degree level – of the competencies related to this specialisation. The examination will deal with the contents that are included in the following syllabus.

 Syllabus for the entrance examination to the specialisation in Health Sciences

1. Description of the levels of healthcare. Legislation, organisation of the healthcare system. Primary healthcare: Community health centre, organisation, functions. Specialised healthcare: organisation, functions.

2. Health. Concept of health. Historical evolution. Determinants of the health status. Promotion, health protection, and prevention of illnesses: Need of education in the health field. Education for health. Definitions and concepts. Intervention models. The work in the community.

3. Planning and programming in Education for health. Analysis of the current situation. Analysis of resources. Programme election. Schedule. Evaluation. Types of evaluation. Gathering information: stages, indicators. Feedback in Education for health.

4. Methods and means of Education for health: Group techniques; audio-visual media; media campaigns; brochures, posters. Other learning resources.

5. Description and analysis of the communication process with the patient. Elements of communication. Relation and communication with the patient. Satisfaction of the human needs in the relation process.

6. Analysis of the typology of the clinical-health documentation. Processing and use of the clinical and healthcare documentation depending on the health service or facility. Applications in the nursing unit and in the units/office of anatomical pathology and cytology, dietetics and  Clinical Diagnostic Lab.

7. Microscopic cell structure. Difference between prokaryote and eukaryote cells. Microorganisms: bacteria, virus, fungus and yeasts. Concepts, forms and bacterial structure. Bacterial classification. Virology. Micology. Relevant bacteria in microbiology.

8. Optical and electron microscope. Resolution capacity. Numerical aperture. Dark field. Phase contrast. Description. General rules of use of the microscope. Instructions for using the microscope.  Wet mount techniques. Microscope slides preparation: mounting, fixation and staining. Types and applications. Application of staining methods. 

9. Cleaning, disinfection and sterilisation: practical applications and operation of equipment. The autoclave. Biosafety cabinet. Factors that affect death by heat. Classification and applications of the decontaminant methods. Procedures and products used in cleaning, disinfecting and sterilisation of the microbiological material.

10. Quality in labs: good laboratory practice. Organisation of the lab staff. Quality guarantee programme. Types of Labs. Regulated work procedures: techniques, use of tools, maintenance operations, equipment calibrations. Quality control for the statistical treatment of results. Assessment of accuracy and precision. Measures of dispersion and central tendency. Errors. Graphical representation of frequencies. Quality control charts. Clinical-health quality service provision tools: statistical inference; healthcare applications; clinical trial; quality control.

11. Lab materials and tools. Solutions, suspensions and colloids. Concentration expression. Evaporation, distillation, crystallisation and sublimation. Volumetric analysis. Magnitudes employed in the Lab and main units. Reference values.

12.  Enzymology in the clinical diagnosis lab. Description of the enzymatic function and kinetics. Methodology of the enzyme analysis in biological fluids. Main enzymes studied in the Clinical Analysis Lab. Analysis of the patterns of enzymatic alteration.

13. Endocrine function. Microscopic structure of the endocrine glands. Hormones: chemical structure and biological action.

14. Cell-mediated immunity. Effector cells in cell-mediated immunity. Cytokines, lymphokines and interleukines. Humoral immunity. Immunoglobulins. Cancer and immunity. Tumour markers.

15. Cytopathology of the female reproductive and mammary system: description and characteristics of the inflammatory lesions. Description and characteristics of the tumoral lesions

16. Anatomic description and physiological bases of the urinary system: kidney and urinary tracts. Renal physiology. Tests to evaluate renal function. Basic chemical analysis of urine. Study of the urinary sediment.

17. Analysis and description of the techniques of molecule splitting. Centrifugation. Electrophoresis. Chromatography: types, applications, equipment and operations for chromatographic separation. Criteria for choosing a separation technique.

18. Analysis and description of the methods of optical measurement. Photometry. Spectrophotometry. Turbidimetry and nephelometry.

19. Analysis and description of the analysis techniques of the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins. Hydrocarbon metabolism: determinations and patterns of hydrocarbon alteration. Lipid metabolism: determinations and patterns of lipid alteration. Protein metabolism: determinations and patterns of protein alteration.

20. Physical base of the radioactive phenomena and of the radiations applied in clinic facilities. Atomic structure of matter. Interaction of ionising radiations with matter. Radiological magnitudes and units. Principles of Nuclear Medicine: radionuclides and  y radioactive tracers. Equipment for obtaining images produced by several types of radiations. Clinical applications.

21. Radiations. Types of radiations.  Sources of radiation. Importance of radiations in the epidemiology of illnesses produced by them. Radioactive contamination. Maximum permitted levels of emissions. Description of equipment, measurement units and exposure limits.

22. Biopharmacy and Pharmacokinetics. LADME. Concept and determination of bioavailability. Medication monitoring: basic principles and applications. Routes of administration of medications. Pharmaceutical forms. Types and preparation rules.

23. Food, nutrition and dietetics: historical and social aspects. Anatomic phisiology of ingestion, digestion and food intake. Food and health: nutritional needs and recommended intakes. Description of dyslipidaemias: types of dyslipidaemias. Associated risk factors. Diet plan.

24. The skin. Characteristics and properties. Anatomy and physiology. Functions. Benign skin tumours. Protocol for detecting and treat benign tumours. Nevi. Sebaceous and sweat gland adenoma. Epidermoid cysts. Skin ageing. Transformation of skin tissues regarding the age of the individual. Appearance: description, prevention and aesthetic treatment. Cellulitis: causes, typos, detection and treatment.

 

 
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