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  • Grup d'investigació DATS

Resultats de la cerca293 resultats

  • 1ª Jornada de Seguretat Viària Infantil, República Dominicana

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2019. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director de l'INTRAS i assessor del INTRANT-RD, ha impartit la ponència "El Desenvolupament del Pla estratègic Nacional de Seguretat Vial i la Normatividad pel que fa a la seguretat viària infantil" en la 1a Jornada de Seguretat Viària Infantil celebrada a Santo Domingo (República Dominicana) el 3 d'abril de 2019, en què ha ressaltat els aspectes fonamentals del Pla Estratègic Nacional per a la Seguretat Viària, i la normativa en la població infantil del país. En aquesta jornada, els experts han tractat sobre el repte global de la Seguretat Viària Infantil, Seguretat Vial Infantil a República Dominicana, Recerca en Seguretat Infantil, Normes i Característiques dels...

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director de l'INTRAS i assessor del INTRANT-RD, ha impartit la ponència "El Desenvolupament del Pla estratègic Nacional de Seguretat Vial i la Normatividad pel que fa a la seguretat viària infantil" en la 1a Jornada de Seguretat Viària Infantil celebrada a Santo Domingo (República Dominicana) el 3 d'abril de 2019, en què ha ressaltat els aspectes fonamentals del Pla Estratègic Nacional per a la Seguretat Viària, i la normativa en la població infantil del país. En aquesta jornada, els experts han tractat sobre el repte global de la Seguretat Viària Infantil, Seguretat Vial Infantil a República Dominicana, Recerca en Seguretat Infantil, Normes i Característiques dels Sistemes de Retenció Per Nens, Campanyes de Conscienciació, Formació i Divulgació com a eixos de la prevenció de les lesions infantils, entre d'altres temes.

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  • Conversatorio Santiago: Pensar per Proposar

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2019. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso, Director de l'INTRAS, ha impartit la conferència magistral "Trànsit i Seguretat Viària, Perspectives, Situació Actual i Reptes" al fòrum "Pensar per proposar" celebrat a Santiago (República Dominicana) el 28 de març de 2019 Des de novembre de 2011, l'Oficina Senatorial de Santiago realitza el Conversatorio Santiago: Pensar per Proposar, que s'ha consolidat en la província i la regió com un espai per promoure el debat i l'intercanvi d'idees.

  • Healthy but risky: A descriptive study on cyclists’ encouraging and discouraging factors for using bicycles, habits and safety outcomes.

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Luis Montoro, Jaime Sanmartin, Francisco Alonso.

    2019. Article

    Transportation Research Part F. Num.62:587-598

    Transportation is a necessary process that requires not only adequate means, but also indi- vidual choices. And apparently, the recent boom of alternative modes of transportation has substantially changed people’s perceptions of cycling, as well as the reasons why they decide to use a bike. Nevertheless, people identify some motives that encourage this use together with the perceived risks and the discouraging factors which affect the choice of using a bike, thus making it important to explore all these elements in the light of the empirical evidence. The objective of this study was to explore and describe the encouraging and discouraging reasons behind the use of bikes among cyclists,...

    Transportation is a necessary process that requires not only adequate means, but also indi- vidual choices. And apparently, the recent boom of alternative modes of transportation has substantially changed people’s perceptions of cycling, as well as the reasons why they decide to use a bike. Nevertheless, people identify some motives that encourage this use together with the perceived risks and the discouraging factors which affect the choice of using a bike, thus making it important to explore all these elements in the light of the empirical evidence. The objective of this study was to explore and describe the encouraging and discouraging reasons behind the use of bikes among cyclists, together with the reasons behind their journeys and the relationship of these elements with their crash history. For this study, 1064 cyclists were asked to complete an electronic survey which gathered information on their cycling-related habits, perceptions and motives. The results show that physical health and fitness (38%), contribution to environmental sustainability (14%), econ- omy (13%) and time saving (10%) were the most frequent factors which encouraged cycling. On the other hand, perceived crash risk (17%), adverse weather conditions (17%) and lack of safety (16%) were found to be the most relevant discouraging factors. Finally, participants who cycled with more regularity were found to be less prone to suffer cycling crashes. The findings of this study support that cycling is a choice based on both benefits and risks, and its perceived connection to health is highly prevalent among active cyclists. Furthermore, perceived risks which may discourage cycling are an issue that needs to be addressed by transport policies, in order to enhance the engagement of the population in this mode of transportation. Also, this study highlights the need to strengthen utility cycling (cycling for transport to and from places) as a way to integrate transportation within healthier practices and habits.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2019.02.014
    ISSN: 1369-8478
  • Explaining self-reported traffic crashes of cyclists: An empirical study based on age and road risky behaviors

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2019. Article

    Safety Science. Num.113:105-114

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of...

    The growing rates of traffic crashes involving cyclists are currently recognized as a major public health and road safety concern. Furthermore, risky behaviors on the road and their precedent factors have been conceptualized as potential determinants for explaining, intervening and preventing traffic injuries of cyclists. Objectives: This study aimed at examining whether individual factors and self-reported risky behaviors could explain the crash rates of cyclists in a period of 5 years. Methods: A sample of 1064 cyclists was used, with a mean age of 32.83 years. Participants answered a survey assessing demographic data and information on risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of norms, and suffered cycling crashes. Results: Using Structural Equation Models, it was found that crash rates in cyclists could be explained through risky behaviors, risk perception, knowledge of traffic norms and cycling intensity. Through a multi-group path model differentiating cyclists by age group, it was also found that cycling intensity has a differential impact on self-reported crashes in older (age > 25) and younger (age<=25) cyclists. Conclusions: This study suggests that risky behaviors mediate the relationship between the individual factors and the crash rates of cyclists, and that age exerts an important effect in the variation of the explanatory structure of the model. The design of educational tools would be useful for promoting not only the avoidance of risky behaviors, but also a generalized awareness on road safety issues. Practical applications: This research provides an empirical precedent in the study of the impact of factors related to risky behaviors on the road and to safety outcomes of cyclists.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2018.11.021
    ISSN: 0925-7535
  • When age means safety: Data to assess trends and differences on rule knowledge, risk perception, aberrant and positive road behaviors, and traffic crashes of cyclists.

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Francisco Alonso, Luis Montoro, José M. Tomas

    2019. Article

    Data in Brief. Num.22:627-634

    This data article examines the association between age, knowledge of traffic rules, risk perception, risky and positive behaviors on the road and traffic safety outcomes of cyclists. The data was collected using a structured self-administrable and online-based ques- tionnaire, applied to a full sample of 1064 cyclists. The data con- tains 4 parts: descriptive statistics; graphical trends for each study variable according to age; Post-Hoc (Tukey-HSD) comparisons between cyclists classified in the different age groups; and, finally, the dataset for further explorations in this regard. For further information, it is convenient to read the full article entitled “Explaining Self-Reported Traffic...

    This data article examines the association between age, knowledge of traffic rules, risk perception, risky and positive behaviors on the road and traffic safety outcomes of cyclists. The data was collected using a structured self-administrable and online-based ques- tionnaire, applied to a full sample of 1064 cyclists. The data con- tains 4 parts: descriptive statistics; graphical trends for each study variable according to age; Post-Hoc (Tukey-HSD) comparisons between cyclists classified in the different age groups; and, finally, the dataset for further explorations in this regard. For further information, it is convenient to read the full article entitled “Explaining Self-Reported Traffic Crashes of Cyclists: An Empirical Study based on Age and Road Risky Behaviors” (Useche et al., 2019) [1].

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2018.12.066
    ISSN: 2352-3409
  • Conceptualization of aggressive driving behaviors through a Perception of aggressive driving scale (PAD)

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Andrea Serge

    2019. Article

    Transportation Research Part F. Num.60:415–426

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear...

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear Model (GLM) with a = 0.05 procedure was used for the comparison of mean values. Results show that drivers tend to make higher valuations regarding the aggressive character of the PAD (M = 7.86 SD = 0.05). The situation that most concerned Spanish drivers was ‘‘To produce damage to other people with some type of object or weapon” (M = 9.47 SD = 0.05), which does not necessarily correspond to the driving context. Differences in perception were found depending on socio-demographic variables. Women, drivers over 29years old, low- middle social classes, and drivers who had suffered two accidents, tended to evaluate PAD as more aggressive. These findings suggest that differences in the perception of aggressive behaviors depend on social situations and on the driver’s personal features. Finally, the findings of this research will help road safety researchers understand the con- cept of aggressiveness under different perspectives, and take into account the existing dif- ferences between dangerous and punishable behaviors. Moreover, these outcomes showed the necessity to deepen the research on those behaviors that Spaniards perceive as aggres- sive, and to develop knowledge on why the perception of aggressiveness changes according to the characteristics of the population, and how this perception is reflected in people’s attitudes and behaviors towards road safety.

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    DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.032
    ISSN: 1369-8478
  • Work stress and health problems of professional drivers: a hazardous formula for their safety outcomes.

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    2018. Article

    PeerJ. Num.6:e6249

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665...

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665 Colombian professional drivers was drawn from five different studies. The Job Content Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire were used to measure work stress and self-reported mental health, respectively. Additionally, professional drivers self-reported health problems (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and overweight) and health-related risky behaviors (smoking and sedentary behavior). Results: Regarding the Job Demands–Control (JDC) model, it was found that approximately a third part of Colombian professional drivers suffer from high job strain (29.1%). Correlational and multivariate analyses suggest that de JDC model of stress is associated with the professional drivers’ mental health, traffic accidents and fines, but not with other physical and behavioral health-related outcomes, which are highly prevalent among this occupational group, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, overweight, smoking and sedentary behavior. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that (a) stressful working conditions are associated with health and lifestyle-related outcomes among professional drivers, and (b) that evidence-based interventions are needed in order to reduce hazardous working conditions, job stress rates and their negative impact on the health of this occupational group

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    DOI: 10.7717/peerj.6249
    ISSN: 2167-8359
  • Evaluación de los factores de riesgo, comportamientos y accidentalidad vial de los usuarios vulnerables: El caso de los ciclistas.

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Sergio Useche Hernández

    2018. Tesi

    Directors: Francisco Alonso i Luis Montoro

    Qualificació: Excel·lent "cum laude", amb menció "Internacional"

  • V Jornades sobre Mobilitat Urbana i Seguretat Viària

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso

    2018. Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha presentat la ponència "Nous Vehicles de Mobilitat Personal: Ocasió per subratllar els principis de convivència viària" i moderat la taula rodona posterior amb el mateix títol a les V Jornades sobre Mobilitat Urbana i Seguretat Viària organitzades per ITS Espanya i que s'han celebrat a Madrid el 13 de desembre de 2018.

  • Effect of Road Safety Education on road risky behaviors of Spanish children and adolescents: findings from a national study

    Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer.

    2018. Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Num.15(12), 2828

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky...

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky behavior of Spanish students. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 4062 (51.5% males and 48.5% females) participants attending primary (47.5%), secondary (40.7%), and high school (11.7%) was gathered through a national survey on RSE and road behaviors. Results: A set of significant associations between demographic factors, RSE variables, and self-reported road behaviors was found. Furthermore, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) allowed us to establish that age and observed misbehaviors (positively), and attitudes towards road safety and risk perception (negatively), have a direct link with the road risky behavior of children and young people. The knowledge of traffic rules was not a significant predictor of road behavior. Conclusions: The results of this study show that, together with demographic factors such as age, RSE-related variables have an effect on the road behavior of children and young people. They also suggest the need for strengthening actions to be implemented in road safety (Road Safety Education) at scholar and community levels

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    DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15122828
    ISSN: 1660-4601
 
 
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