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  • Grup d'investigació DATS

Resultats de la cerca308 resultats

  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Conceptualization of aggressive driving behaviors through a Perception of aggressive driving scale (PAD)

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Luis Montoro, Andrea Serge

    (2019). Article

    Transportation Research Part F. Num.60:415–426

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear...

    Research on traffic safety has highlighted the importance of studying and intervening in aggressive driving in order to reduce crashes and accidents. The main objective of this work is to describe the perception of what people consider an aggressive behavior, and their per- ception of which are the most aggressive acts performed when driving. The sample was composed of 1079 Spanish drivers aged over 14. They participated in a national telephone survey, completing a questionnaire which gathered socio-demographic data and informa- tion on the drivers’ profiles, containing a ‘‘Perception of aggressive driving Scale (PAD)”. The unifactorial ANOVA test for repeated measures of the General Linear Model (GLM) with a = 0.05 procedure was used for the comparison of mean values. Results show that drivers tend to make higher valuations regarding the aggressive character of the PAD (M = 7.86 SD = 0.05). The situation that most concerned Spanish drivers was ‘‘To produce damage to other people with some type of object or weapon” (M = 9.47 SD = 0.05), which does not necessarily correspond to the driving context. Differences in perception were found depending on socio-demographic variables. Women, drivers over 29years old, low- middle social classes, and drivers who had suffered two accidents, tended to evaluate PAD as more aggressive. These findings suggest that differences in the perception of aggressive behaviors depend on social situations and on the driver’s personal features. Finally, the findings of this research will help road safety researchers understand the con- cept of aggressiveness under different perspectives, and take into account the existing dif- ferences between dangerous and punishable behaviors. Moreover, these outcomes showed the necessity to deepen the research on those behaviors that Spaniards perceive as aggres- sive, and to develop knowledge on why the perception of aggressiveness changes according to the characteristics of the population, and how this perception is reflected in people’s attitudes and behaviors towards road safety.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.trf.2018.10.032
    ISSN: 1369-8478
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Work stress and health problems of professional drivers: a hazardous formula for their safety outcomes.

    Sergio Useche, Boris Cendales, Luis Montoro, Cristina Esteban.

    (2018). Article

    PeerJ. Num.6:e6249

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665...

    Background: Several empirical studies have shown that professional drivers are a vulnerable occupational group, usually exposed to environmental stressors and adverse work conditions. Furthermore, recent studies have associated work-related stress with negative job performances and adverse health outcomes within this occupational group, including cardiovascular diseases and unsafe vehicle operation. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the working conditions and the health status of this occupational group, and to evaluate the association between the Demand–Control model of job stress and their self-reported health and safety outcomes. Methods: A pooled sample of 3,665 Colombian professional drivers was drawn from five different studies. The Job Content Questionnaire and the General Health Questionnaire were used to measure work stress and self-reported mental health, respectively. Additionally, professional drivers self-reported health problems (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes and overweight) and health-related risky behaviors (smoking and sedentary behavior). Results: Regarding the Job Demands–Control (JDC) model, it was found that approximately a third part of Colombian professional drivers suffer from high job strain (29.1%). Correlational and multivariate analyses suggest that de JDC model of stress is associated with the professional drivers’ mental health, traffic accidents and fines, but not with other physical and behavioral health-related outcomes, which are highly prevalent among this occupational group, such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, overweight, smoking and sedentary behavior. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that (a) stressful working conditions are associated with health and lifestyle-related outcomes among professional drivers, and (b) that evidence-based interventions are needed in order to reduce hazardous working conditions, job stress rates and their negative impact on the health of this occupational group

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.7717/peerj.6249
    ISSN: 2167-8359
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Evaluación de los factores de riesgo, comportamientos y accidentalidad vial de los usuarios vulnerables: El caso de los ciclistas.

    Sergio Useche Hernández

    (2018). Tesi

    Directors: Francisco Alonso i Luis Montoro

    Qualificació: Excel·lent "cum laude", amb menció "Internacional"

  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    V Jornades sobre Mobilitat Urbana i Seguretat Viària

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha presentat la ponència "Nous Vehicles de Mobilitat Personal: Ocasió per subratllar els principis de convivència viària" i moderat la taula rodona posterior amb el mateix títol a les V Jornades sobre Mobilitat Urbana i Seguretat Viària organitzades per ITS Espanya i que s'han celebrat a Madrid el 13 de desembre de 2018.

  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Effect of Road Safety Education on road risky behaviors of Spanish children and adolescents: findings from a national study

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Sergio Useche, Natura Colomer.

    (2018). Article

    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Num.15(12), 2828

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky...

    Background: Road Safety Education (RSE) is widely known as a reliable determinant of the future results for what concerns health and welfare and as an undisputable factor which contributes to the social behavior of individuals and to their mid- and long-term road safety outcomes. However, its development has been relatively scarce in most countries, a fact which has contributed to letting matters as delicate as traffic crashes, largely explained by road misbehaviors, continue to be a prevalent problem, thus affecting the health of the community. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between demographic and RSE-related variables and the self-reported road risky behavior of Spanish students. Methods: For this cross-sectional study, a representative sample of 4062 (51.5% males and 48.5% females) participants attending primary (47.5%), secondary (40.7%), and high school (11.7%) was gathered through a national survey on RSE and road behaviors. Results: A set of significant associations between demographic factors, RSE variables, and self-reported road behaviors was found. Furthermore, Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) allowed us to establish that age and observed misbehaviors (positively), and attitudes towards road safety and risk perception (negatively), have a direct link with the road risky behavior of children and young people. The knowledge of traffic rules was not a significant predictor of road behavior. Conclusions: The results of this study show that, together with demographic factors such as age, RSE-related variables have an effect on the road behavior of children and young people. They also suggest the need for strengthening actions to be implemented in road safety (Road Safety Education) at scholar and community levels

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.3390/ijerph15122828
    ISSN: 1660-4601
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Working Conditions, Job Strain, and Traffic Safety among Three Groups of Public Transport Drivers

    Sergio Useche, Viviola Gómez, Boris Cendales, Francisco Alonso.

    (2018). Article

    Safety and Health at Work. Num.9(4):454-461

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of...

    Background: Working conditions and psychosocial work factors have acquired an important role explaining the well-being and performance of professional drivers, including those working in the field of public transport. This study aimed to examine the association between job strain and the operational performance of public transport drivers and to compare the expositions with psychosocial risk at work of three different types of transport workers: taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers. Method: A sample of 780 professional drivers was drawn from three transport companies in Bogota (Colombia). The participants answered the Job Content Questionnaire and a set of sociodemographic and driving performance questions, including age, professional driving experience, work schedules, and accidents and penalties suffered in the last 2 years. Results: Analyses showed significant associations between measures of socio-labor variables and key performance indicators such road traffic accidents and penalties. Furthermore, multiple linear regression analysis contributed to explain significantly suffered accidents from key variables of the Job Demand-Control model, essentially from job strain. In addition, throughout post-hoc analyses, significant differences were found in terms of perceived social support, job strain, and job insecurity. Conclusion: Work stress is an issue that compromises the safety of professional drivers. This research provides evidence supporting a significant effect of job strain on the professional driver’s performance. Moreover, the statistically significant differences between taxi drivers, city bus drivers, and interurban bus drivers in their expositions to work-related stress suggest the need for tailored occupational safety interventions on each occupational group.

    Llegir mésOcultar DOI: 10.1016/j.shaw.2018.01.003
    ISSN: 2093-7911
  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Guía metodológica para elaborar planes locales de seguridad vial

    Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, José Luis Velarte.

    (2018). Llibre

    Els Plans locals de seguretat viària constitueixen una valuosa eina per a l'abordatge de la solució dels problemes que s'identifiquin. L'objectiu principal d'aquests Plans és la reducció de la sinistralitat viària, així com de les lesions i morts derivades de la mateixa, que es produeixen a nivell local. Aquest document consisteix en una guia metodològica per elaborar plans de seguretat viària a nivell local a la República Dominicana amb l'objectiu de proposar una sèrie de conceptes i passos perquè autoritats i representants a nivell local puguin dissenyar de manera multisectorial i sistemàtica un pla de seguretat vial que faciliti la seva implementació i monitoratge a nivell local.

  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    7ª edició de la Universitat de Tardor d'Énguera (UOE)

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartit la Conferència: "Seguretat vial en l'era de les TIC" en la 7ª edició de la Universitat de Tardor d'Énguera que, amb el lema "Enguera i la seva Comarca. Nous reptes socials , econòmics i educatius "s'ha celebrat del 6 al 8 de novembre de 2018 a aquesta població. Organitzada pel Vicerectorat de Projecció Territorial i Societat de la Universitat de València, en col·laboració amb l'Ajuntament d'Enguera i l'IES Enguera, i mitjançant la coordinació del professor Pedro Morillo, pretén aproximar Enguera i la seva comarca a la universitat per intentar afrontar els nous reptes econòmics i socials des de la formació. Està plantejada per a diferents tipus de...

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha impartit la Conferència: "Seguretat vial en l'era de les TIC" en la 7ª edició de la Universitat de Tardor d'Énguera que, amb el lema "Enguera i la seva Comarca. Nous reptes socials , econòmics i educatius "s'ha celebrat del 6 al 8 de novembre de 2018 a aquesta població. Organitzada pel Vicerectorat de Projecció Territorial i Societat de la Universitat de València, en col·laboració amb l'Ajuntament d'Enguera i l'IES Enguera, i mitjançant la coordinació del professor Pedro Morillo, pretén aproximar Enguera i la seva comarca a la universitat per intentar afrontar els nous reptes econòmics i socials des de la formació. Està plantejada per a diferents tipus de públics, des d'estudiants d'ensenyaments mitjans, cicles formatius o universitaris, fins a professors, jubilats, aturats, tècnics de l'administració i qualsevol altre col·lectiu.

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  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    XI Congrés (Inter) Nacional de Psicologia Jurídica i Forense

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha participat en el XI Congrés (Inter) Nacional de Psicologia Jurídica i Forense celebrat a Granada del 1 al 3 de novembre de 2018, i organitzat per la Societat Espanyola de Psicologia Jurídica i Forense (SEPJF), amb la ponència "Posicionament i internacionalització de la psicologia del trànsit espanyola a Llatinoamèrica”, dins de la Taula d'Experts "El perfil de la psicologia del trànsit i de la seguretat en la cruïlla. Perspectives de present”

  • Imatge representativa de la publicació

    Jornada Tècnica de Seguretat Viària

    Francisco Alonso

    (2018). Participació en congressos

    El Dr. Francisco Alonso ha participat a la taula rodona "Elements de seguretat enfocats al motorista", dins de la Jornada tècnica de seguretat viària organitzada per l'Associació Tècnica de Carreteres que, amb la temàtica "Obrint camins a la implantació de les noves tecnologies en seguretat viària ", s'ha celebrat a Logronyo el 25 i 26 d'octubre de 2018.

 
 
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