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Healing ethics Healing ethics comes from the criticism made by the justice ethics and the basic foundations that support it on the moral subject, the development of moral judgment and the delimitation of moral environment. The healing ethics followed by women consists in judging taking into account the personals circumstances of each case. This is based on the responsibility for the rest of people (…). No acting when someone needed it is considered a fault. This ethic understands the world as a network of relationships and the important thing is not formalism, but the heart of the issues to discuss. (Nuria Varela).
Horizontal discrimination When women are given easy access to female-dominated jobs or studies –less developed services and industries–, while facing obstacles and difficulties to take on jobs that are socially seen as masculine, linked to production, science and technological advances.
Horizontal segregation Gathering of women and/or men in specific ranks and levels of responsibility, of occupation or academic and/or training options. In the selection influences more the role of gender that the free personal choice. (


Interministerial Committee for equality between women and men

It is the governing body responsible for the coordination of policies and measures adopted by government departments in order to ensure the right to equality between women and men and to promote its effectiveness (LOIEMH, art. 76).
Indirect discrimination The situation where a provision, criterion or practice that is apparently neutral put persons of one gender at a particular disadvantage compared with persons of the other, unless that provision, criterion of practice can be objectively justified by a legitimate aim, being the means of achieving that aim appropriate and necessary.
Invisibility Through history women and their contributions have been negated and hidden. History of humanity has been built from the androcentric vision of the world that excludes women, going up to not even mentioning them (from here, for example, the use of the masculine terms as generic and theoretically comprehensive, the only reality of which is that they hide and exclude the presence of women). This invisibility of women is due to the inequality between men and women that stems from the superiority of the former over the latter. In order to change this androcentric and patriarchal world it is necessary to recover the history of women, both regarding single women as well as all the contributions that women have done from their different point of views and everyday reality. (


Joint responsibility It is a concept that goes beyond conciliation and that involve sharing the responsibility for a situation, infrastructure or specific performance. The individuals or agents who are jointly responsible have the same rights and duties in their ability to account for the actions or infrastructures of which they are in charge.


Parity democracy

[See Balanced composition]

System of social and political organisation that considers that men and women should participate equally in decision-making and in all spheres of society, and that promotes equal participation and rights of the different groups that make up society and should be part of decision-making bodies and government. The concept of parity democracy is defined as a balanced representation of men and women, so that neither sex has a presence greater than 60% nor lower than 40%. The LOIEMH ensures the right to equal representation in the Second additional provision reforming the Organic Law on General Elections through the application of the so-called balanced presence. The formula is called “zipper system” (followed by Castile-La Mancha, the Balearic Islands and Andalusia).
Patriarchy Form of social, politics and economics organisation appeared in the agricultural societies where some adult men dominate women and children with the purpose of passing on property and assure the legitimate filiations of their sons. Women are confined to the private space and the reproductive function, whereas men are the reserved public space. In its literal sense means “government of the fathers”. Debates about the patriarchy took place in different historical ages, and are restrained in the XX century by the feminist movement of the 60s in the search of an explanation that render account of the situation of oppression and domination of women and make it possible their liberation. Gerda Lerner (1986) has defined it in a wide sense, “the onset of the male domination over women and children of the family and the extension of this domain over women in society in general.” Theorisations on the patriarchy were crucial for the development of the different streams of feminism, in its radical, Marxist and materialist version, among others (

Principle of equal treatment between women and men

[See Discrimination]

Legal system informative principle that fits in it and have to be observed in the interpretation and implementation of the legal regulations. It means the lack of all gender-based discrimination to allude to a situation in which a person or a group of persons receives a differential treatment regarding gender, which will make conditional on whether their rights and opportunities are they are more or less recognised.
Public space-Private space The public space is managed mostly by men. This is identified with the private space of activity, where it takes place, the working, social, political and economic life; is the place for participation in society and of recognition (field production). The nature of private space, however, is part of a close dimension of one self, being, thus, the space, or situation, likely to enable the condition of being with oneself creatively or reflexively (…) privacy appears in history as synonym of cult of individuality. The privacy assumes two meanings:
  • Appropriation of oneself that marks the ineffable idea of privacy.
  • Like deprivation (of oneself). This limitative content is identified with the domestic environment (…) that is reduced to a continued and attentive presence of the issues of others. (Soledad Murillo).