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María Moliner (Zaragoza, 1900 - Madrid, 1981)

María Moliner graduated in History between 1919 and 1921. At the age of 22, she enters the faculty body of archivists, librarians and archeologists. In this period María Moliner is part of a limited group of university students who also practise a profession. Already married and with children she moves to Valencia in the 2nd Republic years, working as a director of the University Library of Valencia and the popular libraries project. She also collaborates with the Escuela Cossío, inspired in the Free-Teaching Institution (Institución Libre de Enseñanza) and especially in the organisation of the Rural Libraries.
She wrote some nameless Instructions of author in 1937 and presented a communication in the 2nd Conference of Libraries and Bibliography under the title Bibliotecas Rurales (Rural Libraries) and libraries networks in Spain. In 1936 she was elected as head of the library of the University of Valencia, a charge that she practiced until 1937.
Two years later, she writes up the guidelines of the proyect Plan de Bibliotecas (Libraries Plan) which is considered the best librarian plan in Spain.
In 1946, while directs the library of a public school, she begins to outline the first files of her dictionary. Her idea was, in words of the author, to elaborate “a total tool” of the lexical, whoever use it, by the provision of not only the meaning of words but also how they are used and why others can be replaced. In 1966, the 1st edition of her non-normative dictionary was published, but that of usage that is made from the language when speaking.
She died in 1981 due to degenerative disease by leaving the second edition of the dictionary unfinished.